Presentation on theme: "Chemical Reactions and Equations"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chemical Reactions and Equations Chapter 10Chemical Reactions and Equations
2 Lesson 1: Understanding Chemical Reactions Day 1Lesson 1: Understanding Chemical ReactionsChemical EquationSigns of a Chemical Change
3 Review of what we already know Chemical reactions happen when two chemicals combine and create a NEW SUBSTANCE.Na + Cl NaClThe law of conservation of mass states that the mass of the reactants is equal to the mass of the products.
4 Sample Chemical Reaction Equation In most chemical reactions, two or more substances, called reactants, interact to create different substances called products.CHEMICAL REACTIONREACTANTS go INPRODUCTS come OUT
5 NO NEW ATOMS are created OR destroyed. (Law of Conservation of Mass) REACTANTS go INCHEMICAL REACTIONPRODUCTS come OUTIn a chemical reaction, only the atoms present in the reactants can end up in the products.NO NEW ATOMS are created OR destroyed. (Law of Conservation of Mass)In a chemical reaction, reactants contact each other, bonds between atoms in the reactants are broken, and atoms rearrange and form new bonds to make the products.
6 Reactants go IN Products come OUT LET’S PRACTICE TOGETHER CHEMICAL REACTIONAtomsReactant SideProduct SideCarbonHydrogenOsygen
7 Reactants go INProducts come OUTCHEMICAL REACTIONANSWER
8 Law of Conservation of Mass The law of conservation of mass states that the mass of the reactants is EQUAL to the mass of the products.
11 Correct answers Both are balanced equations. Propane combustion includes 3 Carbon atoms, 8 Hydrogen atoms, and 10 Oxygen atoms.Butane combustion includes 8 Carbon atoms, 10 Hydrogen atoms, and 26 Oxygen atoms.
12 Lesson 1 Review1. What are the chemicals that go IN to a reaction called?What are the chemicals that come OUT of a reaction called?Where do the atoms in the products of a chemical reaction come from?Are atoms created or destroyed in a chemical reaction? Explain.
13 ANSWERS to Lesson 1 Review 1. What are the chemicals that go IN to a reaction called? REACTANTSWhat are the chemicals that come OUT of a reaction called? PRODUCTSWhere do the atoms in the products of a chemical reaction come from? The atoms in the product are atoms from the reactants that have been rearranged after the chemical bonds were broken.Are atoms created or destroyed in a chemical reaction? Explain. Law of Conservation of Mass simplified Mass of reactants = mass of products
14 Lesson 3: Energy Changes and Chemical Reactions Day 2Lesson 3: Energy Changes and Chemical Reactions
15 Review of what we know Endothermic chemical reactions absorb thermal energy. (feel cool or cold)Exothermic chemical reactions release thermal energy. (feel warm or hot)
16 Question to discussWhich temperature do you think would speed up the rate that a chemical change happens, hot or cold? Justify your answer.
17 Why does temperature affect the rate of a chemical change? For a chemical change to occur the reactants must contact each other. This collision happens faster in warm or hot temperatures because more of the molecules are moving faster in warmer temperatures.
18 New Vocabulary to add to notebook Activation Energy: The amount of energy needed to begin a chemical reaction.Catalyst: A substance that increases the rate of the chemical reaction but does not become part of the products.
19 Design an experiment time Review of Scientific MethodDesign an experiment time Design an experiment to test the problem question below.Problem: Does temperature affect the rate of chemical change in a glow stick?Hypothesis: If then becauseVariables:Materials: 2 glow sticks,Procedure:
20 Mrs. Shaw’s ExperimentProblem: Does temperature affect the rate of chemical change in a glow stick?Hypothesis: If warm temperatures increase chemical reactions then the glow stick placed in warm water will shine brighter than the one in cold water because molecules will collide and produce a chemical reaction faster in warmer water.Materials: 2 glow sticks, ml plastic beakers, water, ice, thermometer,Procedure: next slide
21 Mrs. Shaw’s Experiment Procedure: Get two 250 ml plastic beakers and fill with 200 ml tap water each.Place one of the beakers in the freezer and wait until temperature reaches 25 degrees Celsius.When beaker in freezer has reached desired temp. place the other beaker in the microwave and heat until water temp is 60 degrees Celsius.When both beakers have reached appropriate temp. place both on counter and break (activate) both glow stick.Place one glow stick in each cup and document the observations and level of brightness that each glow stick gives off.Repeat procedure 5 times.
22 Data and Results What did our data show when we did the experiment? Write a conclusion that explains what happened, what could have been a source of error, what we should do differently next time, and how this experiment could be extended.