Presentation on theme: "Day 1: Heidi A. Schweingruber Ready, Set, SCIENCE!: Putting Research to Work in K-8 Science Classrooms Sarah Michaels Andrew W. Shouse."— Presentation transcript:
Day 1: Heidi A. Schweingruber Ready, Set, SCIENCE!: Putting Research to Work in K-8 Science Classrooms Sarah Michaels Andrew W. Shouse
Ready, Set, SCIENCE! Taking Science to School: Learning and Teaching Science in Grades K-8 Available online at http://www.nap.eduhttp://www.nap.edu
Making the Case: 4 Reasons to Teach Science Well (pg. 3) 1.Science is an Enterprise (green jobs) 2.Provides a foundation for problem-solving skills in the classroom 3.A democracy demands scientific literacy of its citizens 4.For some, science will become a vocation or avocation
What is “Ready, Set, SCIENCE!” Taking Science to School In 2007, the National Research Council of the National Academies of Science released a report from the Board on Science Education (BOSE) Committee on Science Learning, Kindergarten through Eighth Grade Ready, Set SCIENCE! – Putting Research to Work in K-8 Science Classrooms - a practitioner’s guide to the concepts and research from Taking Science to School Four Implications for Science Education –Learning Progressions in Science –Core Science Concepts –Importance of Science in Elementary Grades –Science Practices
Background of the Study Leading to Taking Science to School 30-Month NRC, Board on Science Education consensus study of the research literature on children’s learning of science Culminated in 2007 report publication Related National Research Council studies o How People Learn o Adding It Up o Starting Out Right Sponsors: National Science Foundation, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Merck Institute for Science Education
Taking Science to SchoolReady, Set, Science! Formal research study Directed toward more academically inclined readers Reviews research and evidence for findings Built on the findings of TSS Directed toward a practitioner audience Uses case studies to bring provide rich illustrations Provides in-depth description of instruction including action to implement changes
Major Findings: Rethinking Children’s Competence Strands of Scientific Proficiency Learning Progressions
Rethinking Children’s Competence 1.Children starting school possess a set of skills and knowledge as well as substantial knowledge of the natural world. 2.Children have a wide range of reasoning processes consistent with the underpinnings of scientific thinking. 3.Instruction in K-8 should build on this foundation.
Students’ knowledge and experience play a critical role in learning science, influencing all four strands of science understanding. Language, culture, gender, and socioeconomic status are just some of the factors influencing the knowledge and experience children bring to the classroom. Students learn science by actively engaging in the practices of science. A range of instructional approaches support the full development of science proficiency. Rethinking Children’s Competence
Strands of Scientific Proficiency Strand 1: Know, use, and interpret scientific explanations of the natural world. Strand 2: Generate and evaluate scientific evidence and explanations. Strand 3: Understand the nature and development of scientific knowledge. Strand 4: Participate productively in scientific practices and discourse.
Taking Science to School and States’ Standards How does TSS and RSS relate to State Standards and Core Curricula? Content Standards Learning Progressions Core Concepts Depth not Breath Process Skills, Inquiry, and Four Strands of Science Science as Practice Science as Learning
Types of Conceptual Change (pp. 41-44) 1.Elaborating on a preexisting concept 2.Restructuring a network of concepts 3.Achieving new levels of explanation
Seeing Nature in New Ways: Building Conceptual Maps (Types of Conceptual Change) 1. Remove the contents from the envelope and place on the table so the group can easily read the statements. 2.Begin to discuss which statements could be understood (learned) at the lower elementary level (K-2), upper elementary (3-5), middle level (6-8) and high school level (9- 12) 3.Have one person in the group keep notes of the conversations and questions that arise. 4.Once consensus on the grade range placements have been reached, try to arrange them like a map showing how one statement contributes to the understanding of another statement. Use non-permanent markers to draw arrows. 5.Prepare to give feedback.
Learning Progressions Organized around big ideas of disciplinary importance. Contain high-level (abstract) ideas that go into building these disciplinary core ideas. Provide a framework for organizing children’s learning of new facts, inquiry, and explanation. Necessitate engaging in a wide range of practices that support using and developing that idea. Recognize that understanding of the core ideas of science also involves understanding their epistemology.
Using Core Concepts to Build Learning Progressions (pp.63-65) 1.What are things made of, and how can we explain their properties? 2.What changes, and what remains the same, when things are transformed? 3.How do we know?
Hot and Cold Balloons (K-12) Keeley, P., F. Eberle, and C. Dorsey. 2008 Uncovering Student ideas in Science: Another 25 Formative Assessment Probes. Arlington, VA: NSTA press.
Hot and Cold Balloons Moira filled a balloon with air. She tightly tied the balloon so no air could get in or out of the balloon. She kept the balloon in a warm room. An hour later she put the balloon in a cold freezer. When she took the balloon out 30 minutes later, it was still tied tightly shut. No air escaped from the balloon; however, the balloon had shrunk. Moira wondered if the mass of the balloon (including the air inside it) also changed. A.The mass of the warm balloon is less than the mass of the cold balloon. B.The mass of the warm balloon is greater than the mass of the cold balloon. C.The mass of the warm balloon is the same as the mass of the cold balloon. Describe your thinking. Provide an explanation for your answer.
The Mystery Box: Properties of Matter (K-2) pp. 66 - 71
Betsy weighed the bag with the bread before and after the mold started growing. Did the bag, with the moldy bread, weigh the same, more, or less than it did before the mold started growing? A.The bag weighs the same. B.The bag weighs more. C.The bag weighs less. D.There is not enough information to say anything bout the weight of the bag.
Atoms In Equals Atoms Out: Rusting (9-12) O O O Fe What is the formula for rust? Fe 2 O 3
Making Thinking Visible Talk MoveExample Re-voicing“So let me see if I’ve got your thinking right. You’re saying _________?” (with space for student to follow up) Asking students to restate someone else’s reasoning “Can you repeat what he just said in your own words?” Asking students to apply their own reasoning to someone else’s reasoning “Do you agree or disagree and why?” Prompting students for further participation “Would someone like to add on?” Asking students to explicate their reasoning or “Say more about that.” “Why do you think that?” or “What evidence helped you arrive at that answer?” Using wait time“Take your time…. We’ll wait.”
Appendix B: Assessment Items Based on a Learning Progression for Atomic- Molecular Theory pg. 176 Grades 3-5 pg.177 Grades 6-8 pg. 178 Appendix A: Questions for Practitioners pg. 171
Discussion How can this report be used to support and improve science instruction in NC?
Ideas for using TSS and RSS for classroom teachers, curriculum committees, and school administrators? Taking Science to School –Administrators and University Educators’ -Learning Communities - book study TSS, “Implications for Conclusions” –State Science Specialists, District Science Specialists book study on TSS, focusing on the strands, their meaning and implications –Curriculum Development Group examine curriculum compared to TSS four strands –Standards Development Group examine learning progressions in state/district curriculum Ready, Set, SCIENCE! –Professional Learning Communities (PLC) discussion on RSS, focusing on Science Class level examples –PLC book study focusing on system level implications –Professional Development Session using chapter questions for in-depth exploration (e.g., Classroom Discussion, Classroom Norms) –Lesson Study, compare to excerpts from both books – both theory and practice for reflection on student learning –PLC examination of grade level core concepts
Research Consensus Study Committee Members Richard Duschl (Chair) – Rutgers Graduate School of Education Charles W. Anderson, Michigan State University Kevin Crowley – University of Pittsburgh Tom Corcoran – University of Pennsylvania Frank Keil – Yale University David Klahr – Carnegie Mellon University Daniel Levin – Montgomery Blair High School Okhee Lee – University of Miami Kathleen Metz – University of California, Berkeley Helen Quinn – Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Brian Reiser – Northwestern University Deborah Roberts – Montgomery County Public Schools Leona Schauble – Vanderbilt University Carol Smith – University of Massachusetts, Boston
Ready, Set, SCIENCE! Putting Research to Work in K-8 Science Classrooms