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Name one hard cheese
Cheddar Colby Colby Jack Swiss Provolone
Name one semisoft cheese
Blue (bleu) Gorgonzola Roquefort Stilton Brick Monterey Jack Muenster Port du Salut Mozzarella
Name one soft cheese
Brie Camembert Limburger Bel Paese Cottage Cheese Cream Cheese Ricotta
What is a blend of one or more natural cheeses that have been processed using heat to inactivate bacteria and enzymes called?
What type of cheese is made from skim milk and cheese cultures?
What temperature should cheese be refrigerated at?
35 to 40 degrees
What is a creamy, custard like cultured milk product made by fermenting whole, low-fat or skim milk with a bacterial cultured called?
What is made from a pasteurized mixture of milk, cream, sugar, stabilizers, flavorings and sometimes eggs called?
Name on dry heat method.
Roasting Broiling Grilling Pan-frying Stir-frying
Which cooking method is recommended for larger cuts of beef, veal, lamb and pork?
This cooking method is suitable for tender steaks and chops; kabobs; pork ribs; sliced ham; bacon; ground meat patties or meatballs.
What is another of broiling called?
Where should you insert a thermometer to check the temperature of the meat?
In the thickest portion of the cut, but is not resting in fat or against the bone
Name one characteristics of a good quality fresh finfish.
Flesh is firm Odor is fresh and mild Gills are bright red or pink and free from slime Skin is shiny
Name on characteristic of a good quality fresh shellfish.
Odor is mild Flesh is firm
Name one characteristic of a good quality for frozen fish.
Solidly frozen Flesh has not discoloration Little or no odor Wrapping is intact and is of moisture- vapor-proof material No ice crystals
How long do you cook fish?
10 minutes per inch of thickness
What is a function of fluoride in the body?
Makes teeth resistant to decay; Moderate levels in bone may reduce osteoporosis
Name one product that you would use beaten egg whites.
Puffy omelets Soufflés Chiffon Cakes
The volume of beaten egg whites can increase by
6 to 8 times
What cannot be overbeaten as whites can be?
How long should you beat whole eggs or egg yolks?
3 – 5 minutes
Microwave cooking is not recommended for what egg products?
Soufflés and Puffy omelets
When should you use refrigerated hard- cooked unpeeled eggs?
Within a week
How do you thaw frozen eggs?
Thaw under running cold water or overnight in the refrigerator.
Name one type of apple that are best for eating raw, in salads or fruit cups.
Delicious Gala Golden Delicious Jonathan Macintosh Spartans Stayman Winesap
Name one type of apple that is excellent for pies and sauces
Granny Smith Gravenstein Grimes Golden Newton Jonathan
Name one type of apple that holds its shape well in baking.
Northern Spy Rhode Island Greening Rome Beauty Winesap York Imperial
Name one thing you should look for when purchasing apples.
Firm, well-colored fruit
Name on thing you should look for when purchasing apricots.
Uniform, golden-orange color
What should you look for when purchasing avocados for immediate use.
Slightly soft that yield to gentle pressure on the skin.
What should you look for when purchasing avocados for use in a few days.
Firm fruits that do not yield to the squeeze test.
What should you look for when purchasing bananas?
Firm, bright in appearance and free from bruises
Name two things you are looking for when purchasing blueberries.
Dark blue color with a silvery bloom which is a natural, protective waxy coating Plump Uniform Dry and free from stems or leaves
Name one characteristic of a ripe cantaloupe.
Yellowish cast to the rind Pleasant cantaloupe odor when held to the nose Yield slightly to light thumb pressure on the blossom end of the melon
What is the most important indication of good flavor and maturity in sweet cherries?
A very dark color.
What should you look for when purchasing cranberries?
Plump, firm berries with a lustrous color
What should you look for when purchasing grapefruit for eating?
Firm, well-shaped fruit Heavy for their size
What type of skin on grapefruit produces the most juice?
What should you look for when purchasing grapes?
Well-colored plump grapes that are firmly attached to the stem.
Name one thing you should look for when purchasing a honeydew.
Soft, velvety feel Slightly softening at the blossom end Faint pleasant fruit aroma Yellowish white to cream rind color
How do you know that a kiwifruit is ripe?
When it yields to gentle pressure
What should you look for when purchasing oranges?
Firm and heavy oranges with fresh, bright looking skin that is reasonably smooth
Name one thing you should look for when purchasing peaches.
Fairly firm Peachy fragrance
Name one thing you should look for when purchasing a Bartlett pear.
Pale yellow to rich yellow color
Name one thing you should look for when purchasing strawberries.
Full red color Bright luster Firm flesh Cap stem still attached
Name one thing you should look for when purchasing cut melons.
Firm Juicy flesh with good red color Free of white streaks Seeds which are dark brown or black
Name one crucifers
Bok Choy Broccoli Brussels sprouts Cabbage Cauliflower Kale Mustard greens Turnips
How many quarts are in a gallon?
How many cups are in a pint?
How many pints are in a quart?
How many teaspoons are in a tablespoon?
How many tables spoons are in a cup?
What is it called to cut mean, fruit or vegetables into long, thin strips?
What type of water is about a temperature of 95 degrees?
What is a Hot Spanish or Mexican sausage called?
What are very thin pancakes called?
What is a mixture of fat and flower used to thicken soups, sauces and gravies called?
What is an appetizer composed of vinegared rice topped with raw fish or wrapped in layer seaweed called?
What is it called when you order off a menu and each dish is prices separately?
A la Carte
What is a mild German sausage, usually light gray in color called?
What are well-cleaned small intestines of hogs, cut into pieces and boiled, and then friend and seasoned called?
Chitterlings or chittlins
What is a flat bread with a pocket inside that may be stuffed with mean and/or salad called?
What product is made from fruit juice called?
What product is made from crushed or ground fruit called?
What is a smooth, less sweet preserve made from fruit pulp run through a sieve and cooked slowly called?
What is it called when you heat fruits in syrup, water or steam or in extracted juice before packing?
Name two methods of packing vegetables into jars.
Raw pack and Hot pack
What are the two types of canning called?
Water Bath and pressure
What is a substance that inhibits the chemical reaction that causes oxidation called?
What is process of preserving food by using acid and salt to inhibit microbial growth?
What is it called when the temperature at which a fat begins to smoke and emit irritating vapors?
What is the ideal temperature for a pantry?
50 to 70 degrees
What are two of the storage conditions for a pantry?
Cool, dry, dark
To keep foods from deterioration in the pantry, what type of container should they be stored in?
Metal Plastic or Glass
What is the effect of overloading a refrigerator?
Reduces the inside temperature
At what temperature should a refrigerator temperature be maintained at or below?
40 degree F
What food items should be stored in the coolest part of the refrigerator?
Most perishable items, including meats, poultry, fish, eggs and dairy products.
How do you maintain the quality of refrigerated foods?
Store them in airtight wraps or containers.
What does storing foods in airtight wraps or containers do for refrigerated foods?
This prevents foods from drying out, and odors or flavors from transferring from one food to another.
How should raw meats, poultry and fish be stored in the refrigerator?
Wrap them securly so that jices do not drip onto and contaminate other foods. It’s also a good idea to set them on a plate or other container.
At what temperature should a freezer temperature be maintained at or below?
At what temperature should a refrigerator temperature be maintained at or below?
0 degree F
What type of thermometer should be used to monitor a freezer?
What is the best way to thaw frozen foods?
It’s best to thaw foods in the refrigerator.
When packaging items for the freezer in moisture and vapor proof wraps or containers, what types of packaging should be used?
Only use freezer-grade foil, plastic wrap or bags or freezer paper or freezer containers.
What causes freezer burn?
If packaging is torn or develops holes.
What are two things that freezer food should be labaled with?
The date, type of food and weight or number of servings
Partially thawed foods should only be refrozen if what are still present?
What is meant by the term “open dating”?
The food manufacturer uses a calendar date to help store manager know the length of time a food should be offered for sale.
What are two types of open dating?
Sell by or pull by date
This is the last day the food should be eaten. Except eggs, discard foods not consumed by this date.
When should eggs be purchased?
Buy eggs before the expiration date and use them within 30 days
What is the date the food was packaged or processed? Consumers may be able to determine the age of the product by looking at this date.
Leftovers should be frozen or refrigerated within how many hours of cooking it?
Leftovers should be frozen or refrigerated in a container that is no more than how many inches deep?
Leftovers should be covered and reheated to a temperature of at least what degree?
Reheat soups, sauces, gravies and other “wet” foods to what type of boil?
A rolling boil
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