Presentation on theme: "Science Fair Tips Guidelines For Producing Award Winning Projects."— Presentation transcript:
Science Fair Tips Guidelines For Producing Award Winning Projects
4/23/20152 Choose a topic that is original or uses an original approach. Judges tend to overlook another “volcano” or “how plants grow” project.
4/23/20153 Choose a project that will provide experimental data that can be quantitatively measured. That means that models and demonstrations are not recommended because they don’t provide data!
4/23/20154 Quantitative Data counts or measures to provide numerical data. All measurements must be made using metric values: Millimeters, centimeters, milliliters, liters, kilometers, etc.
4/23/20155 If the data is qualitative, create a numerical scale to go with it. For example: 1 = slight change 3 = some change 5 = significant change
4/23/20156 Background Research Use reliable resources such as Britannica Online, EBSCO, and reference books from the library. GISD provides free access to Britannica Online and EBSCO. See your school librarian for details. Write a 2-3 page report on the topic you have chosen to ensure that you have adequate knowledge to accurately conduct and evaluate your experiment.
4/23/20157 Background Research Write the report in your own words. DO NOT copy and paste information from the Internet! Cite all references in a bibliography. Note: Encyclopedia Britannica Online provides full reference citations on every page!
4/23/20158 TITLE Try to make your title catchy and clever. Make a list of title ideas in your notebook as you work on your project. Later you can decide which one is your favorite. Your title should be in large letters to catch the judges’ attention.
4/23/20159 INTRODUCTION What “sparked” your interest in your idea? Do some research on your topic— check out books from the library and look at reliable websites to learn more about your topic. You should explain how you became interested in your question and what results you think you might discover from your experiment.
4/23/ INTRODUCTION When my family takes our ice chest to the lake, the ice always seems to melt quickly and our soft drinks do not stay cold. I would like to investigate different shapes of ice cubes to discover which shape will last the longest in our ice chest.
4/23/ Experimental Design: Steps for Scientific Method I.State the Problem in the form of a question. II.Make sure the question is testable. (Something that can be observed or measured)
4/23/ PROBLEM What shape of ice cube melts the slowest?
4/23/ Experimental Design: Steps for Scientific Method II. State your Hypothesis. A hypothesis is an educated guess about the answer to the problem based on observations. It should be stated as an “if…then…” statement that predicts the outcome of the test.
4/23/ HYPOTHESIS If I freeze ice cubes that all have an area of 2 inches square, but one is in the shape of a cube, one is the shape of a rectangle, and one is the shape of a sphere, then the sphere shaped ones will melt the slowest.
4/23/ Experimental Design: Steps for Scientific Method III.List all Materials used in the experiment. This should be a very specific and detailed list.
4/23/ Materials 1 plastic cube, 2 cm 2 1 plastic rectangle, 2 cm 2 1 plastic sphere, 2 cm 2 Tap water to completely fill each container Freezer Stop watch/timer Data table
4/23/ Experimental Design: Steps for Scientific Method IV.List your Procedures in a step-by-step format. You must design an experiment that establishes and identifies a control. All conditions in the additional tests must be measurably identical to those in the control, except for the one independent variable that you are testing.
4/23/ Procedures 1.Completely fill the 2 cm 2 cube with water. 2.Repeat step 1 using the rectangle. 3.Repeat step 1 using the sphere. 4.Place all three containers side by side in the freezer at a temperature of 0 degrees Celsius. 5.Close the freezer door. 6.Allow containers of water to freeze for 6 hours. Do not open the refrigerator door during this time.
4/23/ Procedures 7.Remove all three containers from the freezer at exactly the same time and set them side by side on the counter. Turn on the timer immediately. 8. Observe the containers every 5 minutes until the ice has completely melted in each. As it gets close to being completely melted, observe every minute. Record the time in minutes that it took to melt the ice. 9. Repeat this entire experiment 9 more times following the identical procedures from above.
4/23/ Experimental Design: Steps for Scientific Method V. Record your Observations in a Data Table. Make sure to label all units of measurement.
4/23/ Melting Time Data Table CubeRectangleSphere Trial 150 min.43 min53 min Trial 251 min48 min56 min Trial 347 min42 min51 min Trial 450 min45 min49 min Trial 548 min 55 min Trial 646 min41 min57 min Trial 748 min46 min50 min Trial 852 min47 min51 min Trial 949 min47 min53 min Trial 1049 min45 min54 min Average49.0 min45.2 min52.9 min
4/23/ Experimental Design: Steps for Scientific Method VI. Present your Results in a Summarizing Statement and provide Graphs to illustrate your data.
4/23/ Results Ice frozen in the shape of a sphere melted an average of 7.7 minutes slower than ice frozen in the shape of a rectangle and an average of 3.9 minutes slower than ice cubes.
4/23/ Experimental Design: Steps for Scientific Method
4/23/ Experimental Design: Steps for Scientific Method VII. Provide a Conclusion to the experiment based on the results indicated. The conclusion should answer the question posed in the problem.
4/23/ Conclusion The best shape of ice to buy for filling an ice chest would be spherical because it melts the slowest. This is probably due to less surface area being exposed, resulting in a slower melting rate.
4/23/ Future Research Now that I know which shape of ice melts the slowest, I think that I should test the effects of using different shapes of ice on the water temperature in the ice chest to see which one will really keep my beverages cold the longest.
4/23/ Let’s look at some examples of Science Fair projects!
4/23/ This board has a messy look to it because the information has been cut out and colored around.
4/23/ This display looks very nice as the information has been typed and backed with colored paper.
4/23/ There is no creativity on this board. The content of the experiment wins the prize but presentation counts for a lot.
4/23/ This board has potential. Clever title, typed information, and a graph. A little more color would help.
4/23/ This is an example of a hand written board done well. Notice the graphs and pictures.
4/23/ This board is very well done. The presentation is neat and colorful. The graphs are visible and the board is a summary of the experiment.
4/23/ This is an excellent board. It’s presentation is colorful, they added photographs, and it is organized.