Presentation on theme: "Marine fishery industry in Sri Lanka"— Presentation transcript:
1 Marine fishery industry in Sri Lanka Quality and safety issues in fish handling-----A course in quality and safety management infishery harbours in Sri LankaNARA, DFAR, ICEIDA and UNU-FTPIcelandic International Development Agency (ICEIDA)IcelandUnited Nations University Fisheries Training Programme (UNU-FTP)National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency (NARA)Sri LankaDepartment of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (DFAR)
2 Content of the lecture Marine resources and production Fisheries sector contribution to the national economyFishery harboursFishing fleets, fishing methods and cooling methodsMajor commercial fish speciesMarketing channels and distribution
3 Learning objectivesAfter this lecture participants will be familiar with:the general overview of the fishery industry in Sri Lanka
4 Marine resources and production Sri Lanka has 200 Nm exclusive economic zone following 517,00 sq.km.The average width of the continental shelf is 22 km and its total extent is 30,000 sq.km.The coastline of the country is 1,700 km.Annual marine fish production is estimated metric.tons.Understand the marine resources and the extent of Exclusive Economic Zone and coastline of Sri Lanka. In addition, quantity of the annual production of fish also highlighted.
5 Marine resources Extent Sq.Km Current Potential production production (tons) (tons)Continental shelf ( 30,000) , ,000Exclusive economic zone (517,000) , ,000(Offshore within EEZ)Extra Seabed ,000, 000Overview of potential of marine resources and its contribution to the current production
6 Fish production 2004 Coastal fisheries 160, 000 MT Off shore and deep sea fisheries160, 000 MT90, 000 MTTo understand contribution of coastal, off shore and deep sea area to total marine production .Number of fishing boats according to size and operating method.The fishing fleet (total number of vessels) ,000Non-mechanized traditional boats 15,000Mechanized boats 15,000Multi-day vessels ,600
7 Fisheries sector contribution to the national economy Direct livelihood ,000Indirect livelihood ,000,000State employment 5,000Private sector employment ,000Per capita fish supply kgExport earnings M US$Contribution to GDP %Fish supplies 60% of the total animal protein intake of the population.The lecture shows the importance of fishery sector contribution to the national economy. This shows the number of direct & indirect livelihood, main export earnings, contribution to the GDP and the other relevant information.
8 Fishery harbours Kirinda Panadura Tangalle Mutwall Kudawell Kalpitiya Dondra TrincomaleeMirissa BeruwellaGalleHikkaduwaThe slide shows the main fishery harbours in Sri Lanka.map of SL
9 The fishing fleet Multi-days boats over 32 fleets in length One day boats with in board motors 3 ½ tons (28-32 fleets)One day boats with outboard motors and traditional boats.Understand the types of fishing boats, used in the fishery industry.
10 Common fishing methods Gill netsLong lines/ pole & lineSurrounding netsTrawlingExplain the common fishing methods
11 Major commercial fish species Kelawalla (Yellow fin tuna)Balaya (Skipjak tuna)Other blood fish (Tuna like sp.)Thora (Seer fish)Paraw (Carangid spp.)Mora / Maduwa (Shark/ Skate)Kumbalawa (Indian Mackerel)
12 Common cooling methods Fish stored with iceChilled sea water (CSW)Refrigerated sea water (RSW)
13 Marketing channelFish for export market is directly unloaded to freezer trucks for transport to processing plantFish directly unloaded to freezer trucks for transport to the central market(s)Fish unloaded to auction at the harbour and sent to central marketWholesale and send to central marketWholesale and send retail marketWhole sellers sell to fish vendersThe slide shows the marketing channel of fish distribution in Sri Lanka.
14 Market contribution 95 – 97 % as fresh fish and 3- 5 % as dry fish % of landed fish for export% for Central market channel50 – 60 % retail market channel
15 ReferencesAnnual Report, 2004, Statistical Division of Ministry of Fisheries & Aquatic Resources, Sri LankaFisheries Year Book 2002, National Aquatic Resources Research & Development Agency (NARA).