Presentation on theme: "Marine fishery industry in Sri Lanka Quality and safety issues in fish handling ----- A course in quality and safety management in fishery harbours in."— Presentation transcript:
Marine fishery industry in Sri Lanka Quality and safety issues in fish handling ----- A course in quality and safety management in fishery harbours in Sri Lanka NARA, DFAR, ICEIDA and UNU-FTP Icelandic International Development Agency (ICEIDA) Iceland United Nations University Fisheries Training Programme (UNU-FTP) Iceland National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency (NARA) Sri Lanka Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (DFAR) Sri Lanka
Content of the lecture Marine resources and production Fisheries sector contribution to the national economy Fishery harbours Fishing fleets, fishing methods and cooling methods Major commercial fish species Marketing channels and distribution
Learning objectives After this lecture participants will be familiar with: the general overview of the fishery industry in Sri Lanka
Marine resources and production Sri Lanka has 200 Nm exclusive economic zone following 517,00 sq.km. The average width of the continental shelf is 22 km and its total extent is 30,000 sq.km. The coastline of the country is 1,700 km. Annual marine fish production is estimated 250 000 metric.tons.
Marine resources Extent Sq.Km Current Potential production production (tons) (tons) Continental shelf ( 30,000) 160,000 250,000 Exclusive economic zone (517,000) 90,000 150,000 (Offshore within EEZ) Extra Seabed 1,000, 000
Fish production 2004 Coastal fisheries Off shore and deep sea fisheries The fishing fleet (total number of vessels) 32,000 Non-mechanized traditional boats 15,000 Mechanized boats 15,000 Multi-day vessels 1,600 160, 000 MT 90, 000 MT
Fisheries sector contribution to the national economy Direct livelihood 150,000 Indirect livelihood 1,000,000 State employment 5,000 Private sector employment 400,000 Per capita fish supply 17.6 kg Export earnings 100 M US$ Contribution to GDP 2.7% Fish supplies 60% of the total animal protein intake of the population.
Multi-days boats over 32 fleets in length One day boats with in board motors 3 ½ tons (28-32 fleets) One day boats with outboard motors and traditional boats. The fishing fleet
Common fishing methods Gill nets Long lines/ pole & line Surrounding nets Trawling
Major commercial fish species Kelawalla (Yellow fin tuna) Balaya (Skipjak tuna) Other blood fish (Tuna like sp.) Thora (Seer fish) Paraw (Carangid spp.) Mora / Maduwa (Shark/ Skate) Kumbalawa (Indian Mackerel)
Common cooling methods Fish stored with ice Chilled sea water (CSW) Refrigerated sea water (RSW)
Marketing channel Fish for export market is directly unloaded to freezer trucks for transport to processing plant Fish directly unloaded to freezer trucks for transport to the central market(s) Fish unloaded to auction at the harbour and sent to central market Wholesale and send to central market Wholesale and send retail market Whole sellers sell to fish venders
Market contribution 95 – 97 % as fresh fish and 3- 5 % as dry fish 05- 10 % of landed fish for export 25 - 30 % for Central market channel 50 – 60 % retail market channel
References Annual Report, 2004, Statistical Division of Ministry of Fisheries & Aquatic Resources, Sri Lanka Fisheries Year Book 2002, National Aquatic Resources Research & Development Agency (NARA).