Presentation on theme: "PRESENTATION BY SPAIN TO THE EXECUTIVE BODY FOR THE CLRTAP: COMPLIANCE WITH THE VOC PROTOCOLS Geneva, December 2010."— Presentation transcript:
1PRESENTATION BY SPAIN TO THE EXECUTIVE BODY FOR THE CLRTAP: COMPLIANCE WITH THE VOC PROTOCOLS Geneva, December 2010
2CONTENTS:BACKGROUNDFULFILMENT BY SPAIN OF ITS OBLIGATIONS UNDER THE PROTOCOLSPROGRESS IN THE REVISION OF THE SPANISH NATIONAL EMISSION INVENTORY AND ITS IMPACT ON THE NATIONAL EMISSION TOTALS OF SPAINREVIEWED EMISSION DATA AND EMISSION PROJECTIONS FOR THE TERRITORY COVERED BY THE PROTOCOLOBSTACLES PROHIBITING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF STRONGER MEASURES AND POTENTIAL TO FURTHER REDUCE EMISSIONS
3Decision 2009/8Compliance by Spain with its obligations under the 1991 Protocolconcerning the Control of Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds orTheir Transboundary Fluxes (ref. 6/02)Reiterates its requests to Spain to complement the progress report as withthe following information:Progress in the revision of the Spanish national emission inventory and its impact on the national emission totals of Spain;(b) Reviewed emission data and emission projections for the territory covered by the Protocol;(c) Identification of activities or sectors where there is still a techno-economical potential to further reduce emissions, and the identification of obstacles prohibiting the implementation of stronger measures in those activities or sectors, in order to achieve compliance.BACKGROUND
4Calls on Spain to make a presentation to the next annual session of the Executive Body specifically concerning the additional information requested, and in particular:present its progress on the revision of the Spanish national emission inventoryits work on identifying activities or sectors where there is still potential to further reduce emissions;BACKGROUND
52. FULFILMENT BY SPAIN OF ITS OBLIGATIONS UNDER THE PROTOCOLS
6NMVOC emissions in absolute values (kt) for the period according to the last emission inventory are shown in the figure below. National emissions in 2008 are 78’7% of emissions in year 1990.PROGRESS IN THE REVISION OF THE SPANISH NATIONAL EMISSION INVENTORY (NEI) AND ITS IMPACT ON THE NATIONAL EMISSION TOTALS OF SPAIN:
7NMVOC emissions (1990-2009 non official data) NMVOC emissions (absolute values) - National Inventory, provisional data (2009 vs variation: -10,02%)7
83. PROGRESS IN THE REVISION OF THE SPANISH NATIONAL EMISSION INVENTORY AND ITS IMPACT ON THE NATIONAL EMISSION TOTALS OF SPAIN
9IMPROVEMENTS TO THE EMISSION INVENTORY: The methodological improvements that have been carried out in the National Emission Inventory (NEI) in the last year have focused on the following sectors: Road transport (SNAP 07): more accurate base data has been introduced into the model. Emissions have been estimated using the COPERT IV Program in NEI 2010 (while NEI 2009 used Copert III). The emission factor in stationary combustion has been reviewed for estimating emissions from natural gas engines in the following activities: SNAP Natural gas combustion in stationary engines in Commercial sector (emission factor review) SNAP Natural gas combustion in industrial stationary engines (emission factor review).l
10IMPROVEMENTS TO THE EMISSION INVENTORY: The methodological review of the emission factor for NMVOC in natural gas stationary engines has lead to the use of an emission factor with a lower value, consequently emissions in the National Emission Inventory (NEI) 2010 from these engines are lower than the emissions in the NEI This fact, associated with the increase for the past years in the natural gas consumption of these engines, has had as a consequence an increasing gap between the higher NEI 2009 time series emissions compared with the lower NEI 2010 time series emissions. Revision of the road transport sector. This review includes both a methodological change (migration from Copert III to Copert IV) and an activity rate change. Although the methodological and the activity rate changes partially offset in some cases their effects, the global outcome is a significant decrease in NMVOC (Non Methanic VOC) emissions through the whole time series This decrease is specially relevant for evaporative NMVOC emissions.(SNAP 07.06).l
11IMPROVEMENTS TO THE EMISSION INVENTORY: Petrol storage, handling and distribution (NMVOC): in year 2010 a specific study on this sector has been undertaken. This study has provided relevant improvements in NMVOC emissions accounts throughout the whole process (the refinery dispatch station, border terminal, marketing terminal depot, service station and automobiles). These improvements will be incorporated into NEI 2011( ).l11
12ACTIVITIES CURRENTLY UNDER REVISION IN NATIONAL EMISSION INVENTORY: USE OF SOLVENTS Use of solvents: Spain is currently still using constant rate emission factor from the nineties in the relevant set of categories of solvent use. A specific study in these activities (focused on updating these constant factors for a number of activities) is currently in progress. SNAP categories under revision: SNAP 6.01: Paint application SNAP 6.04: other use of solvents and related activities
13ACTIVITIES CURRENTLY UNDER REVISION IN NATIONAL EMISSION INVENTORY Use of solvents: In 2008, this group represents 57% of national total anthropogenic emissions of NMVOCs
14ACTIVITIES CURRENTLY UNDER REVISION IN NATIONAL EMISSION INVENTORY Use of solvents: In 2008, this group represents 57% of national total anthropogenic emissions of NMVOCsNMVOCs emissions (%) by SNAP group – Contribution to national total anthropogenic emissions (National Inventory - year 2008)
15ACTIVITIES CURRENTLY UNDER REVISION IN NATIONAL EMISSION INVENTORY Use of solvents: In 2008, the activities “paint application” and “other use of solvents and related activities“ represented, together, 73% of national total anthropogenic emissions of NMVOCs from SNAP group 06NMVOCs emissions (%) by subgroup within SNAP 06 (Contribution to total anthropogenic emissions in SNAP 06) - National Inventory, year 2008.
16ACTIONS UNDERTAKEN IN 2010 IN ORDER TO IMPROVE NEI FOR THE USE OF SOLVENTS: ASEFAPI Asociación Española de Fabricantes de Pinturas y Tintas de Imprimir ADELMA Asociación de empresas de detergentes y de productos de limpieza STANPA Asociacion Nacional de Perfumería y Cosmética
17REVIEWED EMISSION DATA AND EMISSION PROJECTIONS FOR THE TERRITORY COVERED BY THE PROTOCOL
18REVIEWED EMISSION DATA IN THE NATIONAL EMISSION INVENTORY (NEI) NMVOC emissions in absolute values (kt) for the period according to the last emission inventory are shown in figure below. National emissions in 2008 are 14,0 % below emissions in year 1988.NMVOC emissions
19COMPARISON OF DATA IN NEI 2009 (1990-2007) VERSUS DATA IN NEI 2010 (1990-2008) It should be noted that the decrease in NEI 2010 emissions when compared to NEI 2009 is explained by the methodological improvements and also by the stagnation or decrease in the demand and use of resources in the relevant activities, such us energy, transport and industry. Despite these previous facts, in aggregate terms national GDP increased 0,9% in 2008 (base year 2000).
20REVIEW OF THE DATA IN THE NATIONAL EMISSION PROJECTIONS
21REVIEW OF THE DATA IN THE NATIONAL EMISSION PROJECTIONS it should be noted that:the “with measures scenario” takes into account the current economical forecast for released by the Ministry of Economy. It also considers activity rates projections made by other ministries and main professional associations, including the effect of the financial crisis.
22OBSTACLES PROHIBITING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF STRONGER MEASURES AND POTENTIAL TO FURTHER REDUCE EMISSIONS
23OBSTACLES PROHIBITING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF STRONGER MEASURES AND POTENTIAL TO FURTHER REDUCE EMISSIONS The issue of NMVOC emissions is difficult to tackle because these emissions are not concentrated on a few activities. They are generated in a wide range of activities covering several sectors. In many of these sectors, the implementation of technical measures is not possible because they relate to products included in the EU common market regime. In these cases, demand control is clearly necessary and it’s been partially addressed through several instruments considered in 3.3.
24THE MEASURES WITH RELEVANT IMPACT ON VOC EMISSIONS WHICH HAVE BEEN TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION IN THIS PROJECTIONS SUBMISSION ARE THE FOLLOWING (“WITH MEASURES SCENARIO”): Directive 2002/88/EC relating to measures against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants from internal combustion engines to be installed in non-road mobile machinery. Directive 96/61/EC concerning integrated pollution prevention and control Implementation of the IPPC Directive: BREFs on different sectors, such as: oil refineries, iron and steel production, paper and pulp industries, etc. Directive 94/63/EC on the control of VOC emissions resulting fron the storage of petrol and its distribution from terminals to service stations Directive 2004/42/EC on the limitation of emissions of VOC due to the use of organic solvents in certain paints and varnishes and vehicle refinishing products and amending Directive 1999/13/EC on the limitation of emissions of VOC due to the use of organic solvents in certain activities and installations. (Royal Decree 117/2003) Directive 98/70/EC relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and its amendments Euro standards: reduction of pollutant emissions from light vehicles (Directives 70/220/EC, last amended by Directive 98/69; Directive 88/77/EC, last amended by Directive 1999/96, transferred into national law by Royal Decree 2028/1986 and its amendments) Directive 2001/77/EC on the promotion of electricity from renewable energy sources in the internal electricity market Directive 2002/91/EC on the energy performance of buildings Directive 2006/32/EC on energy end-use efficiency and energy services and repealing Council Directive 93/76/EEC
25THE MEASURES WITH RELEVANT IMPACT ON VOC EMISSIONS WHICH HAVE BEEN TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION IN THIS PROJECTIONS SUBMISSION ARE THE FOLLOWING (“WITH MEASURES SCENARIO”): Directive 2004/26/EC which amends Directive 97/68/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to measures against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants from internal combustion engines to be installed in non-road mobile machinery White paper: European transport policy for 2010 [COM(2001) 370 final Strategic Infrastructure and Transport Plan Strategy on Energy Saving Promotion and Efficiency and its implementation plans Electricity and gas sectors planning Review Electricity and gas sectors planning Transport networks development. May 2008 Renewable energies plan Council of Ministers Agreement of the 26 of August of National Plan for a strategic coal stock and New Model for a Complete and Sustainable Development of the Mining Regions Strategic National Plan of Rural Development Ministry on Environment, Rural and Marine Affairs. October Royal Decree 252/2006 relating to updating recycling and valorisation goals established in Law 11/1997 Royal Decree Law 13/2006 relating to the establishment of urgent measures within the PREVER program for the modernisation of cars
26THE MEASURES WITH RELEVANT IMPACT ON VOC EMISSIONS WHICH HAVE BEEN TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION IN THIS PROJECTIONS SUBMISSION ARE THE FOLLOWING (“WITH MEASURES SCENARIO”): Royal Decree 1437/2002 on the adequacy of fuel tanks to Royal Decree 2102/1996 on VOC emissions Royal Decree 314/2006 approving the new Building Technic Code Council of Ministers Agreement of the 2 of November of 2007 which approves the Spanish Strategy on Climate Change and Clean Energy Urgent Measures Plan of the Spanish Strategy on Climate Change and Clean Energy July Royal Decree 1218/2002 amending the Regulation on Heating Systems in Buildings and its Complementary Technical Instructions, and creating the Assessing Committee on Heating Systems in Buildings Royal Decree 1027/2007 relating to the regulation of Heating Systems in Buildings Royal Decree 47/2007 approving the procedure for the certification of energy efficiency in buildings of new construction. Royal Decree 1481/2001 relating to the regulation of dump deposit waste disposal National Plan on Emissions Reduction from Large Combustion Plants (approved by Royal Decree 430/2004 which transfers Directive 2001/80/EC) Waste Integrated National Plan December Directive 2009/126/CE relating to Petrol Vapour Recovery in Stage II Sustainable Mobility Strategy / Enhancing Sustainable Mobility Strategy Specific measures developed by the Autonomous Regions.
27THE IDENTIFICATION OF OBSTACLES PROHIBITING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF STRONGER MEASURES IN THOSE ACTIVITIES OR SECTORS, IN ORDER TO ACHIEVE COMPLIANCE AND IDENTIFICATION OF ACTIVITIES OR SECTORS WHERE THERE IS STILL A TECHNO-ECONOMICAL POTENTIAL TO FURTHER REDUCE EMISSIONS Regarding commitments for year 2010, which are not under the scope of this report but are conclusive for future planning, as well as the above mentioned reasons for not complying with our commitments under the NMVOC Protocol, we would like to stress that most of the drivers used in 1999 for assessing Spanish emissions in 2010 were underestimated.
28UNDERSTIMATION OF DRIVERS FOR ASSESING SPANISH EMISSIONS IN YEAR 2010 Got. Protocol (1999)*With Measures Scenario 201020101990%Pop. (Mp)40,5738,97446,2638,9619GDP (b€)631,2377,9667772,95**477,2**62Gross Inland Consumption (PJ)5215,03621,5445461,23685,348Amann et al. November “Integrated Assessment Modelling for the Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone in Europe”. Report number “Lucht & Energie 132” from the Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment, Department for Air and Energy. The Netherlands. ** Values in constant prices of 2000 (Euros)
29COMPARISON BETWEEN CURRENT VALUES (2009) AND PROTOCOL VALUES Got. Protocol (1999)*%Population (Mp)46,7540,5715GDP (billion €)777,31**631,223Gross Inland Consumption (PJ)5508,4552156Amann et al. November “Integrated Assessment Modelling for the Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone in Europe”. Report number “Lucht & Energie 132” from the Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment, Department for Air and Energy. The Netherlands. ** Values in constant prices of 2000 (Euros) *** 2007 values