Presentation on theme: "Synthesis of Potassium Dioxalatocuprate Dihydrate"— Presentation transcript:
1Synthesis of Potassium Dioxalatocuprate Dihydrate Lab 7
2Outline Purpose Definitions Experiment Reaction Calculations PrecautionsEquipment SetupWhat to turn in todaySpring Break and Next Lab Reminder
3PurposeThis lab will help you gain an understanding of stoichiometric relationships between reactants and products of chemical reactions. This includes an understanding of concepts such as limiting reagents, yields, and percent error.
4Important PointsStoichiometry is the study of mass relationships in a chemical reaction.The law of definite proportions states that compounds or elements react chemically to form a new compound in definite proportions.Before any attempt at calculations are made, reactions have to be balanced first. Only then can we obey the law of definite proportions.The limiting reagent is the reagent that runs out first in a chemical reaction.
5ReactionAdd two water soluble compounds together to form an insoluble solid that precipitates out.Filter out all excess water soluble reagent.Isolate the precipitate on filter paper utilizing three rinses and vacuum filtration.Determine the percent yield recovered.
6Reaction Reagents Products A B C 1CuSO45H2O(aq)+2K2C2O4H2O(aq) K2[Cu(C2O4)2]2H2O(s)+D E5H2O + 1K2SO4(aq)copper potassium oxalate potassium potassiumsulfate monohydrate dioxalatocuprate sulfatepentahydrate dihydrate
7Calculations Moles of A = Moles of B = Limiting Reagent (LR) Ratio = Moles of CLR = (moles of LR) xTheoretical Yield = (moles of C) x (fw of C)% Yield = x 100%
8PrecautionsFiltrate should be disposed of in the wet copper waste container only.Dry product and waste copper sulfate should be disposed of in the dry copper waste container only.After all product is scraped off, filter paper should be placed on the paper towel next to the dry / wet waste containers.Cleaning and maintaining balances…
12Safety Concerns Reagents: Eye Contact: Skin Contact: Inhalation: AcetoneCupric SulfateDenatured AlcoholPotassium OxalateEye Contact:Stinging, tearing, redness, pain, irritation, tissue burns, conjunctivitis, ulceration, clouding of cornea, and blurred visionSkin Contact:Defatting, dehydration, irritation, redness, pain, drying, flaking, cracking, itching, and severe burnsInhalation:Irritation, ulceration, and perforation of the respiratory tract, coughing, sore throat, shortness of breath, dizziness, dullness, drowsiness, loss of appetite, inability to concentrate, headache, nervousness, cramps, CNS depression, narcosis, and unconsciousness. Fumes from heating may cause symptoms similar to a cold.Ingestion:Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, headaches, gastritis, gastrointestitis, intoxication, blindness, and death. Aspiration into the lungs can cause severe lung damage.