2The 4 Steps of Laundry Step 1- Sort out the laundry Sort into colors Darks, Brights, Whites/PastelsSort by typeTowels should go together because of the pillsDenimClothing care labels- ex. Hand-washing or dry cleaningDegree of SoilingDon’t put nice clothes with dirty work clothes
3The 4 Steps of Laundry Step 2- Pre-treat fabrics To avoid damages in the wash prepare clothes so they don’t get tangled, knotted, caught or ruined.Emptying pocketsShaking out loose dirt from cuffsZipping zippers, buttoning buttons, hooking hooks, etc.Tying sashes and strings looselyMend rips and tears so they don’t get worseRemove any trims that cannot be washed
4The 4 Steps of Laundry Step 2 Continued Pre-treat any stains- most of the time you can just spray with a pre-treater but here are some other tricks.For gum issues-For ink problems-Deodorant Stains-Vinegar Smells-Blood Stains-Everyday typical stains like ketchup-Ice cubesHair sprayVinegarBaking SodaSaliva (Spit)Laundry Detergent
5The 4 Steps of Laundry Step 3- Washing the Clothes Use the right amount of detergent.Don’t overload the washer.Set the temperature and appropriate cycle.If using bleach, use the proper kind and the proper amount at the right time. Add the bleach to water, don’t pour it on clothes. If you don’t, clothes will yellow and it will eat holes in the fabric.If using fabric softener, add it toward the end of the wash cycle. Adding it too early will prevent cleaning and softening.
6The 4 Steps of Laundry Step 4- Drying and Ironing Before you put clothes in the dryer, check to make sure stains have come out- heat will make them permanent.Clean out the lint filter.Don’t overload the dryer.Set the correct heat and time.Remove clothes promptly from the dryer and if they are forgotten simply place a damp towel in and dry for a few minutes again to get out the wrinkles.
7The 4 Steps of Laundry Step 4 continued It is hard to iron really dry clothes so use a little mist to help even out the wrinkles.Read the clothing care labels carefully because not all fabrics are able to be ironed. Especially those with glitter (glitter=plastic)If you are unsure of what the fabric is, always start with the lowest setting and then work your way up.Hang shirts up immediately after ironing to keep them from wrinkling.If an iron ever gets gummed up clean it before it destroys other fabrics.
8Care Label SymbolsAll tags must have laundering directions written on them. Since not everyone speaks English there are symbols that say the same thing.Tip: the more dots there are the hotter it will be.Guess what each of these symbols mean:Dry: Delicate, LowWash: Very HOTDo NOT BleachIron: HighDo NOT Dry-clean
9Video QuizTop-loading washers are more efficient than front-loading washers, because they use less water and soap.TrueFalseDetergents contain an ingredient that dissolves surface dirt enabling water to carry it away. What is this ingredient called?Brightening or whitening agentPhosphateSurfactantIonic or non-ionic phosphors
10Video Quiz A detergent cleans primarily by… When cleaning wool… Softening the fabric to release dirtWhitening the fabricMaking water wetterUsing boosters and additivesWhen cleaning wool…Avoid using a detergentAlways dry cleanDry by hanging outdoors or in a room with good circulationUse the “gentle” cycle on the washing machine
11Video Quiz When working with a stain: Work from the back of the fabric if possibleIf a liquid is the cause, blot up as much as you can with a paper towel or absorbent clothDo something right awayDon’t rub a stain deeper into the fabricAll of the aboveMany detergents contain optical brighteners. These:Are dyes that reflect ultraviolet light to give a “glow”Are a type of ultraviolet bleaching agentBrighten clothes by lifting ground-in dirtWork much like non-organic boosters
12Video QuizWhich would work best to clean a wool sweater or other delicate garment:Laundry detergent without phosphatesAny laundry detergentA non-chlorine bleachDishwashing soapIf you don’t remember to remove permanent press clothes form the dryer in time, you can toss a damp towel in the dryer and rerun the clothes for a few minutes.TrueFalse
13Video QuizAccording to the video, the most important person in the dry cleaning process is:The spotterThe presserThe ownerThe sorter
18Types of WeavesPlain WeaveSatin WeaveTwill WeaveBasket Weave
19Fabrics to Sew With Plain Weaves Does not stretch Satin weaves are soft but if you make a mistake it shows!!!Plain weaves are easiest to work with and cottonKnit FabricStretchesGreat for wearing- this consists of your t-shirtsHard to sew with because it stretches and rolls