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Physical Boot Camp 5.5A Part 1 Classify matter based on physical properties including: mass, magnetism, physical state (solid, liquid and gas), relative.

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Presentation on theme: "Physical Boot Camp 5.5A Part 1 Classify matter based on physical properties including: mass, magnetism, physical state (solid, liquid and gas), relative."— Presentation transcript:

1 Physical Boot Camp 5.5A Part 1 Classify matter based on physical properties including: mass, magnetism, physical state (solid, liquid and gas), relative density (sinking and floating), solubility in water, and the ability to conduct or insulate thermal energy or electric energy.

2 STAAR 2013 #2; RC 1; Readiness 1. Which of these is the best conductor of electricity? F. Glass rod G. Cotton string H. Plastic tubing J. Copper penny

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4 STAAR 2013 #10; RC 1; Readiness 2. A teacher mixes a white powder into a beaker of water. The powder cannot be seen in the water. The teacher then heats the mixture until the water evaporates and the powder can be seen again. Which property of the powder is the teacher demonstrating? F. Solubility G. Density H. Conductivity J. Mass

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6 STAAR 2013 #26; RC 1; Readiness 3. A teacher sets up an experiment using five jars filled with water and a thermometer in each. The teacher keeps one jar unwrapped as the control. The other four jars are wrapped with equal thickness of four different materials. The jars are each filled with equal amount of water that is 92ºC. Students observe and record the water temperature in each jar after 10 minutes. The results are shown in the table below. Which property of the materials wrapping the jars are the students most likely investigating? F. State of matter G. Thermal energy insulation H. Thermal energy production J. Ability to conduct electricity Mater Wrapping JarWater Temperature (ºC) No wrapping (control)84 Newspaper87 Construction paper87 Paper towel85 Cotton towel90

7 STAAR 2013 #26; RC 1; Readiness 3. A teacher sets up an experiment using five jars filled with water and a thermometer in each. The teacher keeps one jar unwrapped as the control. The other four jars are wrapped with equal thickness of four different materials. The jars are each filled with equal amount of water that is 92ºC. Students observe and record the water temperature in each jar after 10 minutes. The results are shown in the table below. Which property of the materials wrapping the jars are the students most likely investigating? F. State of matter G. Thermal energy insulation H. Thermal energy production J. Ability to conduct electricity Mater Wrapping JarWater Temperature (ºC) No wrapping (control)84 Newspaper87 Construction paper87 Paper towel85 Cotton towel90

8 STAAR 2013 #33; RC 1; Readiness 4. A student reads the label on a bottle of salad dressing down below. Why would the student shake the salad dressing well before using it? A. Vinegar and oil have different densities. B. Vinegar and oil easily form a solution. C. Vinegar and oil both contain water. D. Vinegar and oil are both liquids Ingredients: Oil, Vinegar, Spices Directions: Shake well before using. Refrigerate after opening.

9 STAAR 2013 #33; RC 1; Readiness 4. A student reads the label on a bottle of salad dressing down below. Why would the student shake the salad dressing well before using it? A. Vinegar and oil have different densities. B. Vinegar and oil easily form a solution. C. Vinegar and oil both contain water. D. Vinegar and oil are both liquids Ingredients: Oil, Vinegar, Spices Directions: Shake well before using. Refrigerate after opening.

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12 2003—#34 (80%) 6. Which of these is a good conductor of electricity? F Glass G Metal H Rubber J Plastic

13 2003—#34 (80%) 6. Which of these is a good conductor of electricity? F Glass G Metal H Rubber J Plastic

14 2003—#38 (82%) 7. Which of the following can be attracted to a magnet? F Gold ring G Glass marble H Iron needle J Wool sock

15 2003—#38 (82%) 7. Which of the following can be attracted to a magnet? F Gold ring G Glass marble H Iron needle J Wool sock

16 2004—#6 (80%) 8. Matter can undergo changes. When water boils, a — F liquid becomes a solid G solid becomes a liquid H liquid becomes a gas J gas becomes a solid

17 2004—#6 (80%) 8. Matter can undergo changes. When water boils, a — F liquid becomes a solid G solid becomes a liquid H liquid becomes a gas J gas becomes a solid

18 9.

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20 10. Which of the following kinds of matter will most likely conduct electricity the best? A Rubber B Metal C Fabric D Glass

21 10. Which of the following kinds of matter will most likely conduct electricity the best? A Rubber B Metal C Fabric D Glass

22 11. Some types of matter can conduct electrical energy. What other type of energy can be conducted by some types of matter? A Kinetic energy B Heat energy C Potential energy D Gas energy

23 11. Some types of matter can conduct electrical energy. What other type of energy can be conducted by some types of matter? A Kinetic energy B Heat energy C Potential energy D Gas energy

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26 13.

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28 14. Which of the following items does not belong with the others? AA piece of paper BA metal paperclip CA rusty tin can DAn iron horseshoe

29 14. Which of the following items does not belong with the others? AA piece of paper BA metal paperclip CA rusty tin can DAn iron horseshoe

30 15. A small ice cube was left lying on a table in a warm room for one hour. What state of matter would the ice cube be at the end of the hour? AGas BLiquid CSolid DUnknown

31 15. A small ice cube was left lying on a table in a warm room for one hour. What state of matter would the ice cube be at the end of the hour? AGas BLiquid CSolid DUnknown

32 16. Which of the following is a form of water in its gaseous state? ASleet BRain CVapor DClouds

33 16. Which of the following is a form of water in its gaseous state? ASleet BRain CVapor DClouds

34 17. Which of the following is the best definition of matter? AAnything that you can see and has color BAnything that you can smell or feel CAnything found on the earth DAnything that takes up space and has mass

35 17. Which of the following is the best definition of matter? AAnything that you can see and has color BAnything that you can smell or feel CAnything found on the earth DAnything that takes up space and has mass

36 18. In the illustration above, the light from the flashlight shining on the balance has no mass. What conclusion can be drawn from this demonstration? ALight takes up space. BLight is not matter. CLight has volume. DLight has mass.

37 18. In the illustration above, the light from the flashlight shining on the balance has no mass. What conclusion can be drawn from this demonstration? ALight takes up space. BLight is not matter. CLight has volume. DLight has mass.

38 19. Matter has a fixed volume, but changes its shape to fit its container, it is a. ASolid BLiquid CGas DPlasma

39 19. Matter has a fixed volume, but changes its shape to fit its container, it is a. ASolid BLiquid CGas DPlasma

40 20. A student exhaled and a small cloud was formed. This is an example of matter changing from a gas to a— AGas BLiquid CSolid DPlasma

41 20. A student exhaled and a small cloud was formed. This is an example of matter changing from a gas to a— AGas BLiquid CSolid DPlasma

42 21. What process occurs when decreased heat causes a gas to change into a liquid? ACondensation BEvaporation CBoiling DMelting

43 21. What process occurs when decreased heat causes a gas to change into a liquid? ACondensation BEvaporation CBoiling DMelting

44 22. What process occurs when a liquid changes to a gas? ACondensation BFreezing CEvaporation DMelting

45 22. What process occurs when a liquid changes to a gas? ACondensation BFreezing CEvaporation DMelting

46 23. Which of the following is a form of water in its solid state? AFog BRain CHail DClouds

47 23. Which of the following is a form of water in its solid state? AFog BRain CHail DClouds

48 24. What state of matter is oxygen in the air? ASolid BLiquid CGas DPlasma

49 24. What state of matter is oxygen in the air? ASolid BLiquid CGas DPlasma

50 25. A student broke a piece off of a rock. What property of the rock changed? AThe rock’s mass BThe rock’s color CThe rock’s roughness DThe rock’s smell

51 25. A student broke a piece off of a rock. What property of the rock changed? AThe rock’s mass BThe rock’s color CThe rock’s roughness DThe rock’s smell

52 26. Which of the following objects would be attracted to a magnet? AA plastic jar lid BA copper penny CA glass marble DA large paper clip

53 26. Which of the following objects would be attracted to a magnet? AA plastic jar lid BA copper penny CA glass marble DA large paper clip

54 27. A student investigated an unknown piece of matter. He found out that the matter was attracted to a magnet and also conducted electricity very well. What kind of matter is this unknown piece likely to be? AGlass BPlastic CWood DMetal

55 27. A student investigated an unknown piece of matter. He found out that the matter was attracted to a magnet and also conducted electricity very well. What kind of matter is this unknown piece likely to be? AGlass BPlastic CWood DMetal

56 28. Wood is to solid as air is to— Asolid Bliquid Cgas Dplasma

57 28. Wood is to solid as air is to— Asolid Bliquid Cgas Dplasma

58 29. Which of the following is an example of a gas? AA wooden block BThe odor of perfume CA cube of ice DAn ice chest

59 29. Which of the following is an example of a gas? AA wooden block BThe odor of perfume CA cube of ice DAn ice chest

60 30. A student noticed that the metal parts of a wagon left out in the sun become much hotter than its rubber tires. Which of the following is the best explanation for this observation? AThe tires are under the wagon and do not receive as much heat. BMetal is a conductor of heat while rubber is an insulator of heat. CRubber is heavier than metal and does not conduct heat as well. DThe shiny metal on the wagon reflects the sun’s heat better.

61 30. A student noticed that the metal parts of a wagon left out in the sun become much hotter than its rubber tires. Which of the following is the best explanation for this observation? AThe tires are under the wagon and do not receive as much heat. BMetal is a conductor of heat while rubber is an insulator of heat. CRubber is heavier than metal and does not conduct heat as well. DThe shiny metal on the wagon reflects the sun’s heat better.

62 31. A substance is transparent and has no definite shape or volume. Which of the following might the substance be? AThe water in a bathtub BThe soda in a glass CThe air in a balloon DThe glass in a window

63 31. A substance is transparent and has no definite shape or volume. Which of the following might the substance be? AThe water in a bathtub BThe soda in a glass CThe air in a balloon DThe glass in a window

64 32. A student poured some cola into a glass of ice. Which of the following is true about the matter found in the glass? AThe cola is the solid, the ice is the liquid, and the bubbles are the gas. BThe bubbles are the solids, the cola is the liquid and the ice is the gas. CThe ice is the solid, the bubbles are the liquid, and the cola is the gas. DThe ice is the solid, the cola is the liquid, and the bubbles are the gas.

65 32. A student poured some cola into a glass of ice. Which of the following is true about the matter found in the glass? AThe cola is the solid, the ice is the liquid, and the bubbles are the gas. BThe bubbles are the solids, the cola is the liquid and the ice is the gas. CThe ice is the solid, the bubbles are the liquid, and the cola is the gas. DThe ice is the solid, the cola is the liquid, and the bubbles are the gas.

66 33. Which of the following objects would be the best conductor of heat? AA metal spoon BA plastic jar CA wooden pencil DA paper box

67 33. Which of the following objects would be the best conductor of heat? AA metal spoon BA plastic jar CA wooden pencil DA paper box

68 34. Which of the following objects would be best for insulating materials against heat? A A brown paper bag B A red ice chest C A large glass bowl D A white wooden spoon

69 34. Which of the following objects would be best for insulating materials against heat? A A brown paper bag B A red ice chest C A large glass bowl D A white wooden spoon

70 35. Water is to liquid as helium is to— Asolid Bliquid Cgas Dplasma

71 35. Water is to liquid as helium is to— Asolid Bliquid Cgas Dplasma

72 36. Some students were using a hot plate to conduct an investigation. They noticed that a glass beaker placed on the hot plate became very hot and the water inside the beaker began to boil. What causes the water to get hot and boil? AThe white color of the hot plate conducts heat very well. BThe air around the hot plate conducts heat to the contents of the beaker. CThe glass beaker conducts heat from the hot plate to the water. DThe plastic switch on the hot plate conducts heat to the water in the beaker.

73 36. Some students were using a hot plate to conduct an investigation. They noticed that a glass beaker placed on the hot plate became very hot and the water inside the beaker began to boil. What causes the water to get hot and boil? AThe white color of the hot plate conducts heat very well. BThe air around the hot plate conducts heat to the contents of the beaker. CThe glass beaker conducts heat from the hot plate to the water. DThe plastic switch on the hot plate conducts heat to the water in the beaker.

74 37. Some students were given a plastic bag containing the following objects: a penny, a marble, a stick of gum, a Popsicle stick, a marshmallow, and a piece of string. Which of the following is NOT a valid property for separating the items into two groups? AType of material BMass of object CAge of material DAbility to conduct electricity

75 37. Some students were given a plastic bag containing the following objects: a penny, a marble, a stick of gum, a Popsicle stick, a marshmallow, and a piece of string. Which of the following is NOT a valid property for separating the items into two groups? AType of material BMass of object CAge of material DAbility to conduct electricity

76 38. Which of the following properties is not dependent on the size of the sample? A Mass BWeight CVolume DPhysical state

77 38. Which of the following properties is not dependent on the size of the sample? A Mass BWeight CVolume DPhysical state

78 39.

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80 Aluminum Foil 40.

81 Aluminum Foil 40.

82 41. Which of the following is a good example of an insulator? AA metal marshmallow roasting stick BBare feet on a hot sidewalk CRubber coating on a piece of wire DA large cast-iron skillet

83 41. Which of the following is a good example of an insulator? AA metal marshmallow roasting stick BBare feet on a hot sidewalk CRubber coating on a piece of wire DA large cast-iron skillet

84 42. Matter is often classified based on its physical properties. Which list of physical properties correctly identifies a penny? ALiquid, conducts heat well, does not conduct electricity, is magnetic BSolid, conducts heat and electricity well, is not magnetic, is a type of metal CLiquid, is a type of metal, conducts heat and electricity well, is magnetic DSolid, conducts heat well, does not conduct electricity, is not magnetic

85 42. Matter is often classified based on its physical properties. Which list of physical properties correctly identifies a penny? ALiquid, conducts heat well, does not conduct electricity, is magnetic BSolid, conducts heat and electricity well, is not magnetic, is a type of metal CLiquid, is a type of metal, conducts heat and electricity well, is magnetic DSolid, conducts heat well, does not conduct electricity, is not magnetic

86 43. Baking soda and vinegar were mixed together in a clear test tube. The mixture foamed up creating carbon dioxide. What state of matter is carbon dioxide? AGas BLiquid CSolid DPlasma

87 43. Baking soda and vinegar were mixed together in a clear test tube. The mixture foamed up creating carbon dioxide. What state of matter is carbon dioxide? AGas BLiquid CSolid DPlasma

88 44. Solids, liquids and gasses have different properties. Which of the following types of matter will change to match the shape of their container? AGases only BLiquids and gases CSolids and liquids DSolids only

89 44. Solids, liquids and gasses have different properties. Which of the following types of matter will change to match the shape of their container? AGases only BLiquids and gases CSolids and liquids DSolids only

90 45. Which set of objects below will be attracted to a magnet? APaper bag, strip of cloth, glass bead BRubber ball, plastic toy, brass pin CPiece of wood, dirt, copper penny DIron nail, metal paper clip, steel safety pin

91 45. Which set of objects below will be attracted to a magnet? APaper bag, strip of cloth, glass bead BRubber ball, plastic toy, brass pin CPiece of wood, dirt, copper penny DIron nail, metal paper clip, steel safety pin

92 46. Which of the following is a solid? AGasoline BCorn starch CHelium DOxygen

93 46. Which of the following is a solid? AGasoline BCorn starch CHelium DOxygen

94 47. Matter is classified by its physical properties. Which of the following is NOT a physical property of matter? AForce BTaste CColor DState

95 47. Matter is classified by its physical properties. Which of the following is NOT a physical property of matter? AForce BTaste CColor DState

96 48. The following are all characteristics of a liquid EXCEPT— Aa liquid has a definite volume Ba liquid takes the shape of its container Ca liquid has a definite shape Da liquid can usually be poured

97 48. The following are all characteristics of a liquid EXCEPT— Aa liquid has a definite volume Ba liquid takes the shape of its container Ca liquid has a definite shape Da liquid can usually be poured

98 49. When food is cooked in a glass pan in an oven, the food and the pan both become very hot. What property of matter does the hot pan illustrate? AConduction BInsulation CTransportation DSensation

99 49. When food is cooked in a glass pan in an oven, the food and the pan both become very hot. What property of matter does the hot pan illustrate? AConduction BInsulation CTransportation DSensation

100 50. In many hotels, the walls between the rooms contain sound-proofing materials so that hotel guests can sleep better at night. What property of matter does sound-proofing illustrate? AConduction BInsulation CTransportation DSensation

101 50. In many hotels, the walls between the rooms contain sound-proofing materials so that hotel guests can sleep better at night. What property of matter does sound-proofing illustrate? AConduction BInsulation CTransportation DSensation

102 51. What happens to the particles in a liquid when it is heated? The particles— A move slower B stop moving C move faster D move in a circle

103 51. What happens to the particles in a liquid when it is heated? The particles— A move slower B stop moving C move faster D move in a circle

104 52. Which of the following is an example of heat transfer by conduction? AA whole metal spoon getting hot when one end is in hot soup BThe inside of a car in the sun getting very hot CA tar road getting hotter in the sun than a concrete sidewalk DA fireplace fire heating a room on a cold day

105 52. Which of the following is an example of heat transfer by conduction? AA whole metal spoon getting hot when one end is in hot soup BThe inside of a car in the sun getting very hot CA tar road getting hotter in the sun than a concrete sidewalk DA fireplace fire heating a room on a cold day

106 53. Which of the following is a property of CO 2 gas? A It feels like a rock. B It smells like a lemon. C It is colorless. D It is hard.

107 53. Which of the following is a property of CO 2 gas? A It feels like a rock. B It smells like a lemon. C It is colorless. D It is hard.

108 54. A metal spoon was left in a pot of boiling soup. A cook burned a finger by touching the spoon. Why did the finger get burned? A The metal spoon chemically reacted with the cook’s hand. B The metal spoon conducted electricity to the cook’s hand. C The metal spoon conducted heat to the cook’s hand. D The metal spoon insulated the cook’s hand.

109 54. A metal spoon was left in a pot of boiling soup. A cook burned a finger by touching the spoon. Why did the finger get burned? A The metal spoon chemically reacted with the cook’s hand. B The metal spoon conducted electricity to the cook’s hand. C The metal spoon conducted heat to the cook’s hand. D The metal spoon insulated the cook’s hand.

110 55. A class placed a metal spoon and a wooden spoon into a glass of hot water. They waited five minutes and touched the spoon handles. What MOST LIKELY happened to the spoon handles? AThe wooden spoon became hotter. BThe metal spoon changed color. CThe wooden spoon changed shape. DThe metal spoon became hotter.

111 55. A class placed a metal spoon and a wooden spoon into a glass of hot water. They waited five minutes and touched the spoon handles. What MOST LIKELY happened to the spoon handles? AThe wooden spoon became hotter. BThe metal spoon changed color. CThe wooden spoon changed shape. DThe metal spoon became hotter.

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114 57. A question on the fifth grade homework assignment asked students to explain why air is matter. Which of the following statements correctly answers the question? AAir is invisible. BAir is needed for breathing. CAir takes up space and has mass. DAir takes the shape of its container.

115 57. A question on the fifth grade homework assignment asked students to explain why air is matter. Which of the following statements correctly answers the question? AAir is invisible. BAir is needed for breathing. CAir takes up space and has mass. DAir takes the shape of its container.

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118 59. A student made toast for breakfast and the bread got stuck in the toaster. What is most important for the student to do before using a metal fork to pull the bread out of the toaster? AWash her hands. BTurn the toaster upside down. CUnplug the toaster from the outlet. DWait for the toast to get cooler.

119 59. A student made toast for breakfast and the bread got stuck in the toaster. What is most important for the student to do before using a metal fork to pull the bread out of the toaster? AWash her hands. BTurn the toaster upside down. CUnplug the toaster from the outlet. DWait for the toast to get cooler.

120 60. Which object below will be attracted to a magnet? APlastic ruler BAluminum foil CCopper penny DIron nail

121 60. Which object below will be attracted to a magnet? APlastic ruler BAluminum foil CCopper penny DIron nail


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