# Physical Boot Camp 5.5A Part 1

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Physical Boot Camp 5.5A Part 1
Classify matter based on physical properties including: mass, magnetism, physical state (solid, liquid and gas), relative density (sinking and floating), solubility in water, and the ability to conduct or insulate thermal energy or electric energy.

STAAR 2013 #2; RC 1; Readiness 1. Which of these is the best conductor of electricity? F. Glass rod G. Cotton string H. Plastic tubing J. Copper penny

STAAR 2013 #2; RC 1; Readiness 1. Which of these is the best conductor of electricity? F. Glass rod G. Cotton string H. Plastic tubing J. Copper penny

STAAR 2013 #10; RC 1; Readiness 2. A teacher mixes a white powder into a beaker of water. The powder cannot be seen in the water. The teacher then heats the mixture until the water evaporates and the powder can be seen again. Which property of the powder is the teacher demonstrating? F. Solubility G. Density H. Conductivity J. Mass

STAAR 2013 #10; RC 1; Readiness 2. A teacher mixes a white powder into a beaker of water. The powder cannot be seen in the water. The teacher then heats the mixture until the water evaporates and the powder can be seen again. Which property of the powder is the teacher demonstrating? F. Solubility G. Density H. Conductivity J. Mass

Water Temperature (ºC)
STAAR 2013 #26; RC 1; Readiness 3. A teacher sets up an experiment using five jars filled with water and a thermometer in each. The teacher keeps one jar unwrapped as the control. The other four jars are wrapped with equal thickness of four different materials. The jars are each filled with equal amount of water that is 92ºC. Students observe and record the water temperature in each jar after 10 minutes. The results are shown in the table below Which property of the materials wrapping the jars are the students most likely investigating? F. State of matter G. Thermal energy insulation H. Thermal energy production J. Ability to conduct electricity Mater Wrapping Jar Water Temperature (ºC) No wrapping (control) 84 Newspaper 87 Construction paper Paper towel 85 Cotton towel 90

Water Temperature (ºC)
STAAR 2013 #26; RC 1; Readiness 3. A teacher sets up an experiment using five jars filled with water and a thermometer in each. The teacher keeps one jar unwrapped as the control. The other four jars are wrapped with equal thickness of four different materials. The jars are each filled with equal amount of water that is 92ºC. Students observe and record the water temperature in each jar after 10 minutes. The results are shown in the table below Which property of the materials wrapping the jars are the students most likely investigating? F. State of matter G. Thermal energy insulation H. Thermal energy production J. Ability to conduct electricity Mater Wrapping Jar Water Temperature (ºC) No wrapping (control) 84 Newspaper 87 Construction paper Paper towel 85 Cotton towel 90

Directions: Shake well before using. Refrigerate after opening.
STAAR 2013 #33; RC 1; Readiness 4. A student reads the label on a bottle of salad dressing down below Why would the student shake the salad dressing well before using it? A. Vinegar and oil have different densities. B. Vinegar and oil easily form a solution. C. Vinegar and oil both contain water. D. Vinegar and oil are both liquids Ingredients: Oil, Vinegar, Spices Directions: Shake well before using. Refrigerate after opening.

Directions: Shake well before using. Refrigerate after opening.
STAAR 2013 #33; RC 1; Readiness 4. A student reads the label on a bottle of salad dressing down below Why would the student shake the salad dressing well before using it? A. Vinegar and oil have different densities. B. Vinegar and oil easily form a solution. C. Vinegar and oil both contain water. D. Vinegar and oil are both liquids Ingredients: Oil, Vinegar, Spices Directions: Shake well before using. Refrigerate after opening.

5.

5.

6. Which of these is a good conductor of electricity?
2003—#34 (80%) 6. Which of these is a good conductor of electricity? F Glass G Metal H Rubber J Plastic

6. Which of these is a good conductor of electricity?
2003—#34 (80%) 6. Which of these is a good conductor of electricity? F Glass G Metal H Rubber J Plastic

7. Which of the following can be attracted to a magnet?
2003—#38 (82%) 7. Which of the following can be attracted to a magnet? F Gold ring G Glass marble H Iron needle J Wool sock

7. Which of the following can be attracted to a magnet?
2003—#38 (82%) 7. Which of the following can be attracted to a magnet? F Gold ring G Glass marble H Iron needle J Wool sock

8. Matter can undergo changes. When water boils, a —
2004—#6 (80%) 8. Matter can undergo changes. When water boils, a — F liquid becomes a solid G solid becomes a liquid H liquid becomes a gas J gas becomes a solid

8. Matter can undergo changes. When water boils, a —
2004—#6 (80%) 8. Matter can undergo changes. When water boils, a — F liquid becomes a solid G solid becomes a liquid H liquid becomes a gas J gas becomes a solid

9.

9.

10. Which of the following kinds of matter will most likely conduct electricity the best?
A Rubber B Metal C Fabric D Glass

10. Which of the following kinds of matter will most likely conduct electricity the best?
A Rubber B Metal C Fabric D Glass

11. Some types of matter can conduct electrical energy
11. Some types of matter can conduct electrical energy. What other type of energy can be conducted by some types of matter? A Kinetic energy B Heat energy C Potential energy D Gas energy

11. Some types of matter can conduct electrical energy
11. Some types of matter can conduct electrical energy. What other type of energy can be conducted by some types of matter? A Kinetic energy B Heat energy C Potential energy D Gas energy

12.

12.

13.

13.

14. Which of the following items does not belong with the others?
A A piece of paper B A metal paperclip C A rusty tin can D An iron horseshoe

14. Which of the following items does not belong with the others?
A A piece of paper B A metal paperclip C A rusty tin can D An iron horseshoe

15. A small ice cube was left lying on a table in a warm room for one hour. What state of matter would the ice cube be at the end of the hour? A Gas B Liquid C Solid D Unknown

15. A small ice cube was left lying on a table in a warm room for one hour. What state of matter would the ice cube be at the end of the hour? A Gas B Liquid C Solid D Unknown

16. Which of the following is a form of water in its gaseous state?
A Sleet B Rain C Vapor D Clouds

16. Which of the following is a form of water in its gaseous state?
A Sleet B Rain C Vapor D Clouds

17. Which of the following is the best definition of matter?
A Anything that you can see and has color B Anything that you can smell or feel C Anything found on the earth D Anything that takes up space and has mass

17. Which of the following is the best definition of matter?
A Anything that you can see and has color B Anything that you can smell or feel C Anything found on the earth D Anything that takes up space and has mass

18. In the illustration above, the light from the flashlight shining on the balance has no mass. What conclusion can be drawn from this demonstration? A Light takes up space. B Light is not matter. C Light has volume. D Light has mass.

18. In the illustration above, the light from the flashlight shining on the balance has no mass. What conclusion can be drawn from this demonstration? A Light takes up space. B Light is not matter. C Light has volume. D Light has mass.

19. Matter has a fixed volume, but changes its shape to fit its container, it is a .
A Solid B Liquid C Gas D Plasma

19. Matter has a fixed volume, but changes its shape to fit its container, it is a .
A Solid B Liquid C Gas D Plasma

20. A student exhaled and a small cloud was formed
20. A student exhaled and a small cloud was formed. This is an example of matter changing from a gas to a— A Gas B Liquid C Solid D Plasma

20. A student exhaled and a small cloud was formed
20. A student exhaled and a small cloud was formed. This is an example of matter changing from a gas to a— A Gas B Liquid C Solid D Plasma

21. What process occurs when decreased heat causes a gas to change into a liquid?
A Condensation B Evaporation C Boiling D Melting

21. What process occurs when decreased heat causes a gas to change into a liquid?
A Condensation B Evaporation C Boiling D Melting

22. What process occurs when a liquid changes to a gas?
A Condensation B Freezing C Evaporation D Melting

22. What process occurs when a liquid changes to a gas?
A Condensation B Freezing C Evaporation D Melting

23. Which of the following is a form of water in its solid state?
A Fog B Rain C Hail D Clouds

23. Which of the following is a form of water in its solid state?
A Fog B Rain C Hail D Clouds

24. What state of matter is oxygen in the air?
A Solid B Liquid C Gas D Plasma

24. What state of matter is oxygen in the air?
A Solid B Liquid C Gas D Plasma

25. A student broke a piece off of a rock
25. A student broke a piece off of a rock. What property of the rock changed? A The rock’s mass B The rock’s color C The rock’s roughness D The rock’s smell

25. A student broke a piece off of a rock
25. A student broke a piece off of a rock. What property of the rock changed? A The rock’s mass B The rock’s color C The rock’s roughness D The rock’s smell

26. Which of the following objects would be attracted to a magnet?
A A plastic jar lid B A copper penny C A glass marble D A large paper clip

26. Which of the following objects would be attracted to a magnet?
A A plastic jar lid B A copper penny C A glass marble D A large paper clip

27. A student investigated an unknown piece of matter
27. A student investigated an unknown piece of matter. He found out that the matter was attracted to a magnet and also conducted electricity very well. What kind of matter is this unknown piece likely to be? A Glass B Plastic C Wood D Metal

27. A student investigated an unknown piece of matter
27. A student investigated an unknown piece of matter. He found out that the matter was attracted to a magnet and also conducted electricity very well. What kind of matter is this unknown piece likely to be? A Glass B Plastic C Wood D Metal

28. Wood is to solid as air is to—
A solid B liquid C gas D plasma

28. Wood is to solid as air is to—
A solid B liquid C gas D plasma

29. Which of the following is an example of a gas?
A A wooden block B The odor of perfume C A cube of ice D An ice chest

29. Which of the following is an example of a gas?
A A wooden block B The odor of perfume C A cube of ice D An ice chest

30. A student noticed that the metal parts of a wagon left out in the sun become much hotter than its rubber tires. Which of the following is the best explanation for this observation? A The tires are under the wagon and do not receive as much heat. B Metal is a conductor of heat while rubber is an insulator of heat. C Rubber is heavier than metal and does not conduct heat as well. D The shiny metal on the wagon reflects the sun’s heat better.

30. A student noticed that the metal parts of a wagon left out in the sun become much hotter than its rubber tires. Which of the following is the best explanation for this observation? A The tires are under the wagon and do not receive as much heat. B Metal is a conductor of heat while rubber is an insulator of heat. C Rubber is heavier than metal and does not conduct heat as well. D The shiny metal on the wagon reflects the sun’s heat better.

31. A substance is transparent and has no definite shape or volume
31. A substance is transparent and has no definite shape or volume. Which of the following might the substance be? A The water in a bathtub B The soda in a glass C The air in a balloon D The glass in a window

31. A substance is transparent and has no definite shape or volume
31. A substance is transparent and has no definite shape or volume. Which of the following might the substance be? A The water in a bathtub B The soda in a glass C The air in a balloon D The glass in a window

32. A student poured some cola into a glass of ice
32. A student poured some cola into a glass of ice. Which of the following is true about the matter found in the glass? A The cola is the solid, the ice is the liquid, and the bubbles are the gas. B The bubbles are the solids, the cola is the liquid and the ice is the gas. C The ice is the solid, the bubbles are the liquid, and the cola is the gas. D The ice is the solid, the cola is the liquid, and the bubbles are the gas.

32. A student poured some cola into a glass of ice
32. A student poured some cola into a glass of ice. Which of the following is true about the matter found in the glass? A The cola is the solid, the ice is the liquid, and the bubbles are the gas. B The bubbles are the solids, the cola is the liquid and the ice is the gas. C The ice is the solid, the bubbles are the liquid, and the cola is the gas. D The ice is the solid, the cola is the liquid, and the bubbles are the gas.

33. Which of the following objects would be the best conductor of heat?
A A metal spoon B A plastic jar C A wooden pencil D A paper box

33. Which of the following objects would be the best conductor of heat?
A A metal spoon B A plastic jar C A wooden pencil D A paper box

34. Which of the following objects would be best for insulating materials against heat?
A A brown paper bag B A red ice chest C A large glass bowl D A white wooden spoon

34. Which of the following objects would be best for insulating materials against heat?
A A brown paper bag B A red ice chest C A large glass bowl D A white wooden spoon

35. Water is to liquid as helium is to—
A solid B liquid C gas D plasma

35. Water is to liquid as helium is to—
A solid B liquid C gas D plasma

36. Some students were using a hot plate to conduct an investigation
36. Some students were using a hot plate to conduct an investigation. They noticed that a glass beaker placed on the hot plate became very hot and the water inside the beaker began to boil. What causes the water to get hot and boil? A The white color of the hot plate conducts heat very well. B The air around the hot plate conducts heat to the contents of the beaker. C The glass beaker conducts heat from the hot plate to the water. D The plastic switch on the hot plate conducts heat to the water in the beaker.

36. Some students were using a hot plate to conduct an investigation
36. Some students were using a hot plate to conduct an investigation. They noticed that a glass beaker placed on the hot plate became very hot and the water inside the beaker began to boil. What causes the water to get hot and boil? A The white color of the hot plate conducts heat very well. B The air around the hot plate conducts heat to the contents of the beaker. C The glass beaker conducts heat from the hot plate to the water. D The plastic switch on the hot plate conducts heat to the water in the beaker.

37. Some students were given a plastic bag containing the following objects: a penny, a marble, a stick of gum, a Popsicle stick, a marshmallow, and a piece of string. Which of the following is NOT a valid property for separating the items into two groups? A Type of material B Mass of object C Age of material D Ability to conduct electricity

37. Some students were given a plastic bag containing the following objects: a penny, a marble, a stick of gum, a Popsicle stick, a marshmallow, and a piece of string. Which of the following is NOT a valid property for separating the items into two groups? A Type of material B Mass of object C Age of material D Ability to conduct electricity

38. Which of the following properties is not dependent on the size of the sample?
A Mass B Weight C Volume D Physical state

38. Which of the following properties is not dependent on the size of the sample?
A Mass B Weight C Volume D Physical state

39.

39.

40. Aluminum Foil

40. Aluminum Foil

41. Which of the following is a good example of an insulator?
A A metal marshmallow roasting stick B Bare feet on a hot sidewalk C Rubber coating on a piece of wire D A large cast-iron skillet

41. Which of the following is a good example of an insulator?
A A metal marshmallow roasting stick B Bare feet on a hot sidewalk C Rubber coating on a piece of wire D A large cast-iron skillet

42. Matter is often classified based on its physical properties
42. Matter is often classified based on its physical properties. Which list of physical properties correctly identifies a penny? A Liquid, conducts heat well, does not conduct electricity, is magnetic B Solid, conducts heat and electricity well, is not magnetic, is a type of metal C Liquid, is a type of metal, conducts heat and electricity well, is magnetic D Solid, conducts heat well, does not conduct electricity, is not magnetic

42. Matter is often classified based on its physical properties
42. Matter is often classified based on its physical properties. Which list of physical properties correctly identifies a penny? A Liquid, conducts heat well, does not conduct electricity, is magnetic B Solid, conducts heat and electricity well, is not magnetic, is a type of metal C Liquid, is a type of metal, conducts heat and electricity well, is magnetic D Solid, conducts heat well, does not conduct electricity, is not magnetic

43. Baking soda and vinegar were mixed together in a clear test tube
43. Baking soda and vinegar were mixed together in a clear test tube. The mixture foamed up creating carbon dioxide. What state of matter is carbon dioxide? A Gas B Liquid C Solid D Plasma

43. Baking soda and vinegar were mixed together in a clear test tube
43. Baking soda and vinegar were mixed together in a clear test tube. The mixture foamed up creating carbon dioxide. What state of matter is carbon dioxide? A Gas B Liquid C Solid D Plasma

44. Solids, liquids and gasses have different properties
44. Solids, liquids and gasses have different properties. Which of the following types of matter will change to match the shape of their container? A Gases only B Liquids and gases C Solids and liquids D Solids only

44. Solids, liquids and gasses have different properties
44. Solids, liquids and gasses have different properties. Which of the following types of matter will change to match the shape of their container? A Gases only B Liquids and gases C Solids and liquids D Solids only

45. Which set of objects below will be attracted to a magnet?
A Paper bag, strip of cloth, glass bead B Rubber ball, plastic toy, brass pin C Piece of wood, dirt, copper penny D Iron nail, metal paper clip, steel safety pin

45. Which set of objects below will be attracted to a magnet?
A Paper bag, strip of cloth, glass bead B Rubber ball, plastic toy, brass pin C Piece of wood, dirt, copper penny D Iron nail, metal paper clip, steel safety pin

46. Which of the following is a solid?
A Gasoline B Corn starch C Helium D Oxygen

46. Which of the following is a solid?
A Gasoline B Corn starch C Helium D Oxygen

47. Matter is classified by its physical properties
47. Matter is classified by its physical properties. Which of the following is NOT a physical property of matter? A Force B Taste C Color D State

47. Matter is classified by its physical properties
47. Matter is classified by its physical properties. Which of the following is NOT a physical property of matter? A Force B Taste C Color D State

48. The following are all characteristics of a liquid EXCEPT—
A a liquid has a definite volume B a liquid takes the shape of its container C a liquid has a definite shape D a liquid can usually be poured

48. The following are all characteristics of a liquid EXCEPT—
A a liquid has a definite volume B a liquid takes the shape of its container C a liquid has a definite shape D a liquid can usually be poured

49. When food is cooked in a glass pan in an oven, the food and the pan both become very hot. What property of matter does the hot pan illustrate? A Conduction B Insulation C Transportation D Sensation

49. When food is cooked in a glass pan in an oven, the food and the pan both become very hot. What property of matter does the hot pan illustrate? A Conduction B Insulation C Transportation D Sensation

50. In many hotels, the walls between the rooms contain sound-proofing materials so that hotel guests can sleep better at night. What property of matter does sound-proofing illustrate? A Conduction B Insulation C Transportation D Sensation

50. In many hotels, the walls between the rooms contain sound-proofing materials so that hotel guests can sleep better at night. What property of matter does sound-proofing illustrate? A Conduction B Insulation C Transportation D Sensation

51. What happens to the particles in a liquid when it is heated
51. What happens to the particles in a liquid when it is heated? The particles— A move slower B stop moving C move faster D move in a circle

51. What happens to the particles in a liquid when it is heated
51. What happens to the particles in a liquid when it is heated? The particles— A move slower B stop moving C move faster D move in a circle

52. Which of the following is an example of heat transfer by conduction?
A A whole metal spoon getting hot when one end is in hot soup B The inside of a car in the sun getting very hot C A tar road getting hotter in the sun than a concrete sidewalk D A fireplace fire heating a room on a cold day

52. Which of the following is an example of heat transfer by conduction?
A A whole metal spoon getting hot when one end is in hot soup B The inside of a car in the sun getting very hot C A tar road getting hotter in the sun than a concrete sidewalk D A fireplace fire heating a room on a cold day

53. Which of the following is a property of CO2 gas?
A It feels like a rock. B It smells like a lemon. C It is colorless. D It is hard.

53. Which of the following is a property of CO2 gas?
A It feels like a rock. B It smells like a lemon. C It is colorless. D It is hard.

54. A metal spoon was left in a pot of boiling soup
54. A metal spoon was left in a pot of boiling soup. A cook burned a finger by touching the spoon. Why did the finger get burned? A The metal spoon chemically reacted with the cook’s hand. B The metal spoon conducted electricity to the cook’s hand. C The metal spoon conducted heat to the cook’s hand. D The metal spoon insulated the cook’s hand.

54. A metal spoon was left in a pot of boiling soup
54. A metal spoon was left in a pot of boiling soup. A cook burned a finger by touching the spoon. Why did the finger get burned? A The metal spoon chemically reacted with the cook’s hand. B The metal spoon conducted electricity to the cook’s hand. C The metal spoon conducted heat to the cook’s hand. D The metal spoon insulated the cook’s hand.

55. A class placed a metal spoon and a wooden spoon into a glass of hot water. They waited five minutes and touched the spoon handles. What MOST LIKELY happened to the spoon handles? A The wooden spoon became hotter. B The metal spoon changed color. C The wooden spoon changed shape. D The metal spoon became hotter.

55. A class placed a metal spoon and a wooden spoon into a glass of hot water. They waited five minutes and touched the spoon handles. What MOST LIKELY happened to the spoon handles? A The wooden spoon became hotter. B The metal spoon changed color. C The wooden spoon changed shape. D The metal spoon became hotter.

56.

56.

57. A question on the fifth grade homework assignment asked students to explain why air is matter. Which of the following statements correctly answers the question? A Air is invisible. B Air is needed for breathing. C Air takes up space and has mass. D Air takes the shape of its container.

57. A question on the fifth grade homework assignment asked students to explain why air is matter. Which of the following statements correctly answers the question? A Air is invisible. B Air is needed for breathing. C Air takes up space and has mass. D Air takes the shape of its container.

58.

58.

59. A student made toast for breakfast and the bread got stuck in the toaster. What is most important for the student to do before using a metal fork to pull the bread out of the toaster? A Wash her hands. B Turn the toaster upside down. C Unplug the toaster from the outlet. D Wait for the toast to get cooler.

59. A student made toast for breakfast and the bread got stuck in the toaster. What is most important for the student to do before using a metal fork to pull the bread out of the toaster? A Wash her hands. B Turn the toaster upside down. C Unplug the toaster from the outlet. D Wait for the toast to get cooler.

60. Which object below will be attracted to a magnet?
A Plastic ruler B Aluminum foil C Copper penny D Iron nail

60. Which object below will be attracted to a magnet?
A Plastic ruler B Aluminum foil C Copper penny D Iron nail