2 During this lab you will come in contact with food and other lab equipment. You may NOT eat any of the food or misuse any of the digestive system lab equipment.
3 For this lab, we are going to use different objects to represent different parts of the digestive system.Water = SalivaBanana = Stomach enzymesCocoa Powder = gastric juicesCracker = FoodCup w/paper towel= Large IntestinePantyhose = Small Intestine
4 The class will be split up into groups of 7 people The class will be split up into groups of 7 people. Get into your groups now!Each person in the group will have a job to do.JobTeeth – pick up 2 crackersEnzymes in saliva– pick up piece of bananaSaliva – pick up cup of waterStomach – pick up Ziploc bagSmall intestine – pick up one pantyhoseLarge intestine – pick up cup with paper towelRectum – pick up cocoa powder
5 NewspaperThere is newspaper available to cover your table. Please make sure your table is covered before you start.
6 Step 1Teeth – The person with the cracker – break your crackers into 4 pieces. Hold them in your hands and try not to get crumbs anywhere.This is like chewing. Teeth are the first part of the digestive system.
7 Step 2.We will skip over the esophagus and go straight from the mouth to the stomach. -What does the esophagus do? The person with the Ziploc bag – hold the bag as we go. You are the stomach. The person with the crackers, Put the cracker pieces into the Ziploc bag.
8 Step 3The person with the banana put the piece of a banana into the bag. -This is like the enzymes that help break down the food.+
9 Step 4The person with the water, pour a small amount of water into the bag. -This is like the saliva from your mouth++
10 Step 5The person with the cocoa powder, pour the cocoa powder into the bag.-This is like the gastric juices the stomach adds.+++
11 Step 6The person with the Ziploc bag, squeeze out all the air and close the bag tightly. -Make sure it is completely closed. -If you leave air in there, it will be like what happens when you have gas.
12 Step 7Pass the bag around so that each person gets a turn. Each person, smash the cracker, banana, water and cocoa powder together for a few minutes.-This is like the churning that the stomach does.Return the bag to its original owner.
13 Step 8Get your stocking ready. After your food is churned up, cut a very small hole in the bottom corner of the bag. -You will need help for this!
14 Step 9The person holding the stocking, get help cutting a small hole in the bottom of your stocking.The person holding the Ziploc bag, pour the food from the stomach (bag) into the small intestine (stocking).Watch as all the water from your food goes through the wall of the small intestine.This water will now go to the rest of your body where it is needed.
15 Step 10We will now squeeze the food from the small intestine (stocking) into the large intestine (cup). Each person take a turn and squeeze the food down the stocking a small bit until it has made its way to the bottom with the hole. . The person holding the cup - the cup will have a small hole in the bottom so make sure you are holding your cup over the tray on your table!
16 Step 11The person holding the cup is now holding the cup over a the tray The cup has a paper towel in it to absorb the water just like the large intestine. -The waste products—the parts of the food your body can’t use, will get packed together.
17 Step 12Pretend the trash can is the toilet and dump the waste products in, representing the end of the digestion process.
18 Time to Clean up!Throw away… Ziploc bag Pantyhose Newspaper Cup with hole Paper towelRinse and put back…Water cupTray
19 Discussion Questions What did adding the banana and water do? What besides water seeps out of the small intestine (pantyhose)?What organ did we not include in this lab?What could we have used to represent that organ?