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Nursing Assistant Monthly Copyright © 2015 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. CNAs are the first line of defense Common infections
Copyright © 2015 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. A serious health threat A combination of factors make infection… More likely –Older adults may have weaker immune systems. –Closer quarters help infections spread. –Cognitively-impaired residents may not always follow hygiene measures. More severe –Residents who transfer from the hospital can bring new, drug- resistant germs that are difficult to treat. January 2015Common infections
Copyright © 2015 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Urinary tract infections The most common kind of infection in nursing homes. Bladder infections are most common, but bacteria may spread to the kidneys. Symptoms include: fever, pain during urination. What can you do? –Encourage drinking fluids to keep urine clear. –Provide good perineal hygiene and catheter care. –Encourage good hand-washing for both you and the resident after toileting. January 2015Common infections
Copyright © 2015 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Respiratory infections Most common are pneumonia and influenza. Typically spread through the air or droplets that land on surfaces. Residents with COPD are especially at risk. Frequent hand-washing is important. Vaccines can prevent infections among residents and staff. January 2015Common infections
Copyright © 2015 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Gastrointestinal infections Caused by bacteria, virus, or parasite. Often spread when some fecal material enters the mouth. For residents with vomiting or diarrhea, fluid intake is important. January 2015Common infections
Copyright © 2015 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Skin infections Scabies –An itchy rash caused by a parasite. –Use contact precautions to prevent spread. Pressure ulcer infections –Can be life-threatening. –Follow your facility’s policy for repositioning. –Keep skin clean and dry. January 2015Common infections
Copyright © 2015 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Standard Precautions Wear gloves when touching all body fluids except sweat. Wear a disposable gown when there is danger that body fluids might splash onto your clothing. Wear eye protection, a mask, and a gown when there is danger that body fluids might splash onto your face. January 2015Common infections
Copyright © 2015 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Proper hand-washing technique Wet hands first. Lather for at least 15 seconds. Dry your hands with a disposable paper towel. Use a paper towel when touching the faucet or door handle. January 2015Common infections
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