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Nursing Assistant Monthly Copyright © 2015 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. CNAs are the first line of defense Common infections
Copyright © 2015 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. A serious health threat A combination of factors make infection… More likely –Older adults may have weaker immune systems. –Closer quarters help infections spread. –Cognitively-impaired residents may not always follow hygiene measures. More severe –Residents who transfer from the hospital can bring new, drug- resistant germs that are difficult to treat. January 2015Common infections
Copyright © 2015 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Urinary tract infections The most common kind of infection in nursing homes. Bladder infections are most common, but bacteria may spread to the kidneys. Symptoms include: fever, pain during urination. What can you do? –Encourage drinking fluids to keep urine clear. –Provide good perineal hygiene and catheter care. –Encourage good hand-washing for both you and the resident after toileting. January 2015Common infections
Copyright © 2015 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Respiratory infections Most common are pneumonia and influenza. Typically spread through the air or droplets that land on surfaces. Residents with COPD are especially at risk. Frequent hand-washing is important. Vaccines can prevent infections among residents and staff. January 2015Common infections
Copyright © 2015 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Gastrointestinal infections Caused by bacteria, virus, or parasite. Often spread when some fecal material enters the mouth. For residents with vomiting or diarrhea, fluid intake is important. January 2015Common infections
Copyright © 2015 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Skin infections Scabies –An itchy rash caused by a parasite. –Use contact precautions to prevent spread. Pressure ulcer infections –Can be life-threatening. –Follow your facility’s policy for repositioning. –Keep skin clean and dry. January 2015Common infections
Copyright © 2015 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Standard Precautions Wear gloves when touching all body fluids except sweat. Wear a disposable gown when there is danger that body fluids might splash onto your clothing. Wear eye protection, a mask, and a gown when there is danger that body fluids might splash onto your face. January 2015Common infections
Copyright © 2015 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Proper hand-washing technique Wet hands first. Lather for at least 15 seconds. Dry your hands with a disposable paper towel. Use a paper towel when touching the faucet or door handle. January 2015Common infections
Nursing Assistant Monthly Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Common infections in long-term care May 2011.
11-1 © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Nutrition, Health, and Safety for Young Children: Promoting Wellness, 1e Sorte, Daeschel, Amador.
MODULE THREE: Applied Health Services The information in this section has been adapted from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center.
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MODULE THREE Applied Health Services The information in this section has been adapted from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center.
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©2009 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.. ©2010 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Health Policies for Infection Control Prevention Protection.
[Insert Long-term Care Facility Name Here] How can I Prevent Influenza At.
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1 Bloodborne Pathogens. 2 Bloodborne Diseases u HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus causes AIDS - no cure or vaccination u HBV: Hepatitis B virus causes.
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PUBLIC HEALTH DIVISION Immunization Program Preventing influenza [Insert long-term care facility name here] Do no harm... Stick out your arm!
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Ebola Viral Disease Outbreak 1. Ebola Viral Disease How does Ebola present? The common signs and symptoms of Ebola are: – Fever – Vomiting – Diarrhea.
Influenza A (H1N1). What is Influenza A (H1N1)? Influenza A(H1N1) is caused by a novel virus that resulted from the reassortment of 4 viruses from pigs,
Nursing Assistant Monthly Copyright © 2011 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Food safety for older adults July 2011.
Training structure Safety and good quality work Module 1: Knowledge about Ebola Virus Disease Support from the community Support from the hospital.
The Facts About MRSA. What is MRSA? Staphylococcus aureus or “staph” bacteria commonly live on the skin and in noses of healthy people Usually staph.
Swine Flu Information and Precautions. What is it ? Swine flu is a respiratory disease and has some elements of a virus found in pigs. There is no evidence.
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Nursing Assistant Monthly Copyright © 2012 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. July 2012 Pneumonia in older adults.
Nursing Assistant Monthly Copyright © 2010 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. HIV Infection in Older Adults August 2010.
Equipment and methods that prevent the transmission of microorganisms from one person to another. 1. Established early in the AIDS epidemic 2. Prior to.
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1. 2 Despite all the new technology and products, hand hygiene remains the single most important thing YOU can do to prevent the spread of infection and.
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