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Other Infant Care Skills

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Presentation on theme: "Other Infant Care Skills"— Presentation transcript:

1 Other Infant Care Skills

2 Learning Targets I can describe and demonstrate how to bathe, dress and diaper a baby. I can explain how to encourage good sleep habits

3 Bathing a Baby Bath – keeps baby clean & healthy
Any time except right after feeding Baby needs to sleep & digest the meal Newborn – sponge baths Navel must heal After tub baths may be given Both require parent’s careful attention

4 Sponge Bath Supplies: Temp of the room – 70 – 80 degrees
Two soft bath towels A soft washcloth A diaper Mild soap Baby shampoo Temp of the room – 70 – 80 degrees Good work surface – soft bath towel – baby’s safety and comfort

5 Sponge Baths Convenient to put water in a basin
Test water with elbow, water = lukewarm Remove baby’s clothes – place on towel Lay another towel on baby’s body Begin washing the baby’s face w/clear, clean water, while supporting baby with the other hand Pat baby’s face dry Skin = tender – no rub

6 Sponge Baths Wash the rest of the body with soap & water, one area at a time Rinse thoroughly Pay attention to skin creases Separate, wash & rinsed, dried thoroughly Not necessary to clean inside the baby’s mouth, ears, eyes or nose Nature takes care of it Never use a cotton swab

7 Sponge Baths Wash baby’s scalp once to twice a week with a tear-free baby soap or baby shampoo Other day wipe with clear water – pat dry Cradle cap – a skin condition in which the scalp develops patches of yellowish, crusty scales Treatment – apply baby oil at night, in the morning gently loosen the scales, wash Lotion & powder afterwards Powder – shake into your hands, not on baby

8 Tub Baths Navel has healed = baby can be bathed in a tub
“tub” – large dishpan or special baby tub 6 – 7 months regular tub Gather all supplies & equipment first Place rubber mat or towel in bottom of tub Add 2 – 3” of lukewarm water Most older babies enjoys baths Splash water, play with floating toys Safety is still key

9 Read Safety in the Tub Page 281 Complete questions 1 & 2

10 Dressing a Newborn Clothing needs – minimal
Sleeper – one-piece stretchy garment with feet Cotton undershirt & gown Hot weather – diaper & short sleeve shirt When taking babies outdoor in cooler weather – add warm outer garments & blankets Socks & booties – not necessary

11 Dressing an Older Baby More durable clothing – allowing for movement
Legs that snap open – easy diaper change Soft, cotton shirts Sleepers that keep baby covered – blankets are kicked off Shoes – not necessary until they walk outdoors Physicians – best way to learn to walk – barefoot Socks – nonskid

12 Dressing Tips Time for extra kissed and hugs
Good time for songs, simple rhymes or naming the parts of the body or articles of clothing Older children can help, babies not so much Usually distracting the baby with a toy or song will make dressing easier

13 Choosing Clothes Simple & comfortable Knit fabrics
Provide ease of movement for the baby & ease of care for parents Flame retardant Size = weight & age (weight more reliable) Babies grow out of clothes fast

14 Read Dressing a Baby page 284 - 285
Practice dressing a baby using the doll at your table For tomorrow’s class, try to find a picture of an infant.

15 Cloth vs Disposable diapers
Which one would you choose or have chosen to diaper your baby with? Why?

16 Diapering a Baby Diaper = most essential part of a baby’s wardrobe
Cloth - least expensive if laundry facilities are available, traditional Disposable – throwaway convenience, expensive, environmental problems Commercial diaper service – about same price as disposable, clean cloth diapers

17 Diapering a Baby very young = 12-15 diapers a day
Older babies – fewer diaper changes & more likely to let you know when Keep diapering supplies near changing area

18 How to diaper Never safe to leave baby alone on raised surface
Always keep one hand firmly on baby Need to leave take baby with you

19 How to diaper Remove diaper and clean baby Put on fresh diaper
Baby wipes powder Put on fresh diaper Hold baby’s ankles and lift body enough to slide diaper under Make sure adhesive tabs are under the baby Bring diaper up between the baby’s legs Use tabs to fasten diaper Dispose of used supplies Cleanliness = IMPORTANT Dispose of all supplies Roll a diaper up and place it in a covered trashcan Be sure to wash hands with soap & water

20 Diaper Rash Diaper rash – patches of rough, irritated skin in the diaper area May include painful raw sores Sensitivity to diapers Caused by bacteria in diapers Treatment for mild case: Change diapers for frequently & clean baby thoroughly after bowel movement Use a product with zinc oxide & cod liver oil – protects & helps heal faster Expose diaper area to air as much as possible If it gets worse, ask a pediatrician for help

21 Sleep Needed in order to grow & develop
Amount of time decreases considerably during the 1st year Newborn = hours/day 1 yr old – only 2-3 sleep periods a day including naps Amount – depends on individual baby Active baby more sleep than inactive baby, plus more food Need more sleep on some days than others

22 Preparation for Sleep Putting baby to bed = relaxed & pleasant experience for both you & baby Begin by washing baby’s face, hands and by changing diaper & clothes Certain clothing remind the baby time to sleep Rocking or singing a soothing lullaby Comforting & relaxing Keep manner calm & unhurried – baby will pick up on feeling & may not go to sleep

23 Recall… Recall lullabies that were sung to you or have heard caregivers sing to babies

24 Preparation for Sleep Baby = safe bed
Avoid pillows, fluffy blankets & bumper pads & stuffed toys Risk of suffocation Infant too young to roll over – place on back to help prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Try to follow same routine Comfort in ritual Sleep should never be brought on by the used of drugs or sleep mediation See a pediatrician if needed

25 Crying to Sleep Should you attend to a crying baby??
Some experts argue you should let them “cry it out” so that they can learn to settle themselves Others say that it hurts the child emotionally Offer any kind of comfort Middle ground – let the baby cry for 2-3 minutes while you are outside the room to see if the baby settles down If not, then go in and comfort the child

26 Bedtime Problems Babies – especially active ones – often become restless while they sleep Wake partially & suck fingers, cry out or rock the crib If you respond, your presence may become a necessary part of the baby’s pattern for getting back to sleep Infants need to learn to return to sleep on their own Provide care for a baby who needs feeding or a diaper change Restlessness into crying – needs your attention

27 Complete Questions 1-7 page 289
Restate the question.

28 Complete Questions Page 292 #1-9

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