3Essential OilsAre strongly scented oils that are created through the distillation of plant materials. Most commonly derived from the flowers, leaves or stems of a plant, they may also be derived from fruit or the skin of a fruit.Many of these oils have common uses in aroma theory and alternative medicineBeekeepers however, also may have a used for a select few of these common oilsEssential oils can often be found in health food stores or aromatherapy shops, the price may be high, but keep in mind that a little oil will go a long way.
4Essential Oils/Grease Patties Essential Oils have Two Modes of ActionToxicity by direct contactWhen Varroa mites feed on larvae that contain essential oils, their reproduction is interrupted
5Impaired Reproduction in feeding syrups containing essential oils When Varroa mites feed on larvae that contain essential oils, their reproduction is interruptedIf the oil is strong enough, the females are unableto lay eggsIf the oils are in lower concentration, eggs are layed, but development of immature mites is delayedYoung mites do not reach maturity before the bees emerge from the cell; consequently, the immature mites die.
6The syrup and essential oil is ingested by nurse bees and enters the communal food in the crop and passes into the milk glands.When the nurse bees feed larvae, the essential oils are in the bee milk and communal food and are ingested by the larvae.Thus, when female varroa mites feed on treated larvae or larval food at the bottom of the cell, they ingest the essential oils which adversely affect their reproduction.
8Dosages Used in Experimental Treatments Syrup: 25 drops (1 cc) of wintergreen or spearmint isOne pint of honey (or two cups of sugar (about one pound or grams)Quart gallon (0.95 liter); hot water is added to fill the jar.
9Commonly Used Oils Banana Though it has been unconfirmed, reports state that banana oil seems to closely mimic the alarm pheromone of honeybeesLemon GrassWorks conveniently as well as the pheromone created by the honeybee’s nasanov glandPeppermintOil is used as a general-purpose pheromone masking scent
10Paper Towel Formula 220 grams of paper towels 300 ml linseed oil (corn oil )1 ½ ounce of wintergreen oil.Note: The synergistic effect of adding wintergreen oil to the active ingredient linseed oil has a devastating effect on parasitic mites in honey bees during broodless times.