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© Boardworks Ltd 2006 1 of 27 Prepositions and Connectives Year 8 Vocabulary Starters Teacher’s notes included in the Notes Page Accompanying worksheet.

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Presentation on theme: "© Boardworks Ltd 2006 1 of 27 Prepositions and Connectives Year 8 Vocabulary Starters Teacher’s notes included in the Notes Page Accompanying worksheet."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 1 of 27 Prepositions and Connectives Year 8 Vocabulary Starters Teacher’s notes included in the Notes Page Accompanying worksheet Flash activity. These activities are not editable. Web addressesExtension activities Icons key: For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation © Boardworks Ltd 20061 of 27

2 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 2 of 27 Contents Introduction to prepositions Prepositions of place Introduction to connectives Comparing and contrasting Temporal connectives Cause and effect Indicating purpose and reservation © Boardworks Ltd 20062 of 27

3 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 3 of 27 Prepositions and connectives - prepositions Introduction to prepositions © Boardworks Ltd 20063 of 27

4 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 4 of 27 Prepositions

5 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 5 of 27 Mr Farrell is writing a list of prepositions. Can you think of any more he could add? Prepositions atdown inwith underoff onunderneath through near betweenwithout

6 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 6 of 27 Read the extract from Thomas Hardy’s Far from the Madding Crowd below. Can you spot all of the prepositions? When Farmer Oak smiled, the corners of his mouth spread till they were within an unimportant distance of his ears, his eyes were reduced to chinks, and diverging wrinkles appeared round them, extending upon his countenance like the rays in a rudimentary sketch of the rising sun. Spot the prepositions When Farmer Oak smiled, the corners of his mouth spread till they were within an unimportant distance of his ears, his eyes were reduced to chinks, and diverging wrinkles appeared round them, extending upon his countenance like the rays in a rudimentary sketch of the rising sun.

7 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 7 of 27 Prepositions and connectives - prepositions Prepositions of place © Boardworks Ltd 20067 of 27

8 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 8 of 27 Imagine you are asked the following questions. Can you give an adequate answer WITHOUT using a preposition? Try it! Prepositions of place Where is your homework? Where is Mogg? Where is my book?

9 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 9 of 27 Look at the pictures below. Use the prepositions in the box to say where each item is placed. IN ON BENEATH BESIDE BY BETWEEN Prepositions of place Question: Where is the bath? Question: Where is the towel rail? Question: Where are the drawers? Question: Where is the television? Question: Where is the painting? Question: Where is the towel?

10 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 10 of 27 Prepositions and connectives - prepositions Introduction to connectives © Boardworks Ltd 200610 of 27

11 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 11 of 27 Link causes with their effects A connective is a word or phrase which links two ideas. Link events by time and sequence Make links which add and build upon Different connectives do different things. Connectives will help you to structure your writing by making it flow more. Connectives

12 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 12 of 27 AND is the most commonly used connective. Lei likes clothes and shopping. Becomes Can you construct three more sentences which use the connective ‘and’ to join two ideas together? Lei likes clothes. Lei likes shopping. Adding connectives

13 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 13 of 27 The word ‘and’ is an adding connective. Here are some more: ALSOTOOFURTHERMORE AS WELL ASMOREOVER What are your likes and dislikes? Use the words above to join your ideas together in sentences. _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ Adding connectives Can you think of any more adding connectives?

14 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 14 of 27 Prepositions and connectives - prepositions Comparing and contrasting © Boardworks Ltd 200614 of 27

15 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 15 of 27 What is the difference between comparing and contrasting? A comparison is when you link two things that are similar. Showing things in contrast is when you link two things by showing their difference. Comparing and contrasting I love cheeseburgers with ketchup just as Megan loves hamburgers with ketchup. I prefer mayonnaise on chips whereas Tom always has ketchup.

16 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 16 of 27 Comparing and contrasting

17 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 17 of 27 Comparing and contrasting

18 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 18 of 27 Prepositions and connectives - prepositions Temporal connectives © Boardworks Ltd 200618 of 27

19 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 19 of 27 Other ideas are linked by time or sequence. For these we use temporal connectives. These connectives can help to signal an order to your writing. For example: Time and sequence What types of writing might benefit from the use of temporal connectives? firstly during next later before finally Can you write using these connectives? Have a go! Write a guide to preparing tea and toast for an alien who has just landed on earth. Use the connectives above, and any others you wish, to instruct the alien so that the toast isn’t cold by the time the tea has brewed!

20 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 20 of 27 Prepositions and connectives - prepositions Cause and effect © Boardworks Ltd 200620 of 27

21 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 21 of 27 Another type of connective helps to indicate a link between a cause and an effect. What is the connective in this sentence? ‘Because’ is the most commonly used connective which links cause and effect. Cause and effect I like Lei because she makes me laugh. Can you think of any other words which mean ‘because’?

22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 22 of 27 Write sentences using these other cause and effect connectives. Therefore So As a result of So that Thus For Cause and effect

23 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 23 of 27 Prepositions and connectives - prepositions Indicating purpose and reservation © Boardworks Ltd 200623 of 27

24 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 24 of 27 Cause and effect connectives can be used to indicate purpose. I will work hard at school so that I can go to university. I’m going to the supermarket to buy a sandwich. Indicating purpose

25 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 25 of 27 Other connectives are used to express reservation. I’m going to the shopping centre although I know it’ll be busy. I’ll work hard at school even if I decide to leave when I’m 16. Indicating reservation

26 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 26 of 27 Using connectives

27 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 27 of 27 Write a summary of how connectives are used using as many connectives as possible. The first two sentences has been done for you. Connectives are words which link ideas together. They also help to make writing flow. ___________________________ _______________________________________________ Using connectives


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