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Mastering NT Greek 14. Second Aorist Verbs By Ted Hildebrandt © 2003 Baker Academic.

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Presentation on theme: "Mastering NT Greek 14. Second Aorist Verbs By Ted Hildebrandt © 2003 Baker Academic."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mastering NT Greek 14. Second Aorist Verbs By Ted Hildebrandt © 2003 Baker Academic

2 2-1-2 Noun Forms 2 1 2 2 1 2 lo { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_2.jpg", "name": "2-1-2 Noun Forms 2 1 2 2 1 2 lo

3 3 rd Declension Chantables xari { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_3.jpg", "name": "3 rd Declension Chantables xari

4 Present Active Indicative Verbs lu { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_4.jpg", "name": "Present Active Indicative Verbs lu

5 Present Middle/Passive Indicative lu { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_5.jpg", "name": "Present Middle/Passive Indicative lu

6 Imperfect Active Paradigm of lu { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_6.jpg", "name": "Imperfect Active Paradigm of lu

7 Imperfect Middle/Passive of lu { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_7.jpg", "name": "Imperfect Middle/Passive of lu

8 The "is" verb PAI -- ei]mi< ei]mi< I am e]sme { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_8.jpg", "name": "The is verb PAI -- ei]mi< ei]mi< I am e]sme

9 The "was" verb IAI -- ei]mi< h@mhn I was h#men We were h#j You were h#te You were h#n He/she/it was h#san They were h@mhn I was h#men We were h#j You were h#te You were h#n He/she/it was h#san They were

10 Rapping the Lord’s Prayer Pa { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_10.jpg", "name": "Rapping the Lord’s Prayer Pa

11 Rapping the Lord’s Prayer w[j e]n ou]ran&? kai> e]pi> gh?j: as in heaven also on earth w[j e]n ou]ran&? kai> e]pi> gh?j: as in heaven also on earth to>n a@rton h[mw?n to>n the bread our to>n a@rton h[mw?n to>n the bread our e]piou j h[mi?n sh j h[mi?n sh { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_11.jpg", "name": "Rapping the Lord’s Prayer w[j e]n ou]ran&.", "description": "kai> e]pi> gh?j: as in heaven also on earth w[j e]n ou]ran&. kai> e]pi> gh?j: as in heaven also on earth to>n a@rton h[mw?n to>n the bread our to>n a@rton h[mw?n to>n the bread our e]piou j h[mi?n sh j h[mi?n sh

12 English Parallels 1) Past tense in English if often formed by adding "ed" 1) Past tense in English if often formed by adding "ed" –I talk to Zach about basketball. (present) –I talked to Zach about basketball. (past) 2) Change the stem form of the verb: 2) Change the stem form of the verb: –I swim in the pool. (present) –I swam in the pool. (past) Second aorist is a shift in the stem. Second aorist is a shift in the stem.

13 The Aorist - Past tense The aorist is the most frequently used tense in the NT The aorist is the most frequently used tense in the NT The first aorist is formed by adding an augment on front and a sa in the back. The first aorist is formed by adding an augment on front and a sa in the back. The second aorist involves a stem change. The second aorist involves a stem change. Aorist is complete/whole action (it happened) in the as opposed to the imperfect which is process action (He loosed. He was loosing). Aorist is complete/whole action (it happened) in the as opposed to the imperfect which is process action (He loosed. He was loosing).

14 Second Aorist Form Stem Change Aorist Stem Change Aorist The stem change just has to be learned The stem change just has to be learned Augment + Verb Stem + CV + Secondary endings Augment + Verb Stem + CV + Secondary endings e + lab + o + n e + lab + o + n Connecting vowels: Connecting vowels: –o before m and n –e elsewhere

15 Augment Review 1) Before consonant = e 1) Before consonant = e 2) Before a vowel 2) Before a vowel –1) a and e lengthen to h –2) o lengthens to w –3) i ending a diphthong subscripts –4) u ending a diphthong stays itself (eu) 3) Compound verbs augments after prep. 3) Compound verbs augments after prep. – e]kba { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_15.jpg", "name": "Augment Review 1) Before consonant = e 1) Before consonant = e 2) Before a vowel 2) Before a vowel –1) a and e lengthen to h –2) o lengthens to w –3) i ending a diphthong subscripts –4) u ending a diphthong stays itself (eu) 3) Compound verbs augments after prep.", "description": "3) Compound verbs augments after prep. – e]kba

16 Second Aorist Active Paradigm Singular Plural Singular Plural 1 e@labon e]la { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_16.jpg", "name": "Second Aorist Active Paradigm Singular Plural Singular Plural 1 e@labon e]la

17 Second Aorist Middle Singular Plural Singular Plural 1 e]geno { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_17.jpg", "name": "Second Aorist Middle Singular Plural Singular Plural 1 e]geno

18 Aorist Stem Changes -- 10 to know e@rxomai == h#lqon (I came, went) e@rxomai == h#lqon (I came, went) ble { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_18.jpg", "name": "Aorist Stem Changes -- 10 to know e@rxomai == h#lqon (I came, went) e@rxomai == h#lqon (I came, went) ble

19 Aorist Stem Changes -- 10 to know a]pe { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_19.jpg", "name": "Aorist Stem Changes -- 10 to know a]pe

20 Chapter 14 Vocabulary ai$ma, -matoj, to< ai$ma, -matoj, to< blood blood

21 Chapter 14 Vocabulary ai@rw ai@rw I raise, take up I raise, take up

22 Chapter 14 Vocabulary dida { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_22.jpg", "name": "Chapter 14 Vocabulary dida

23 Chapter 14 Vocabulary i@dioj, -a, -on i@dioj, -a, -on one's own one's own

24 Chapter 14 Vocabulary kalo { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_24.jpg", "name": "Chapter 14 Vocabulary kalo

25 Chapter 14 Vocabulary me { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_25.jpg", "name": "Chapter 14 Vocabulary me

26 Chapter 14 Vocabulary o[do { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_26.jpg", "name": "Chapter 14 Vocabulary o[do

27 Chapter 14 Vocabulary polu { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_27.jpg", "name": "Chapter 14 Vocabulary polu

28 Chapter 14 Vocabulary sw?ma, -matoj, to< sw?ma, -matoj, to< body body

29 Chapter 14 Vocabulary yuxh<, -h?j, h[ yuxh<, -h?j, h[ soul, life soul, life

30 Quick Vocabulary Review

31 Chapter 10 Vocabulary zwh<, -h?j, h[ zwh<, -h?j, h[ »life qa { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_31.jpg", "name": "Chapter 10 Vocabulary zwh<, -h?j, h[ zwh<, -h?j, h[ »life qa

32 Chapter 10 Vocabulary nu?n nu?n »now ou]de< ou]de< »and not, nor Pau?loj Pau?loj »Paul s& { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_32.jpg", "name": "Chapter 10 Vocabulary nu?n nu?n »now ou]de< ou]de< »and not, nor Pau?loj Pau?loj »Paul s&

33 Chapter 11 Vocabulary Chapter 11 Vocabulary a]pe { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_33.jpg", "name": "Chapter 11 Vocabulary Chapter 11 Vocabulary a]pe

34 Chapter 11 Vocabulary o!tan o!tan »when ou$toj, au$th, tou?to ou$toj, au$th, tou?to »this pa { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_34.jpg", "name": "Chapter 11 Vocabulary o!tan o!tan »when ou$toj, au$th, tou?to ou$toj, au$th, tou?to »this pa

35 Chapter 12 Vocabulary a]poqn^ { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_35.jpg", "name": "Chapter 12 Vocabulary a]poqn^

36 Chapter 12 Vocabulary ] Iwa { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_36.jpg", "name": "Chapter 12 Vocabulary ] Iwa

37 Chapter 13 Vocabulary a]nh { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_37.jpg", "name": "Chapter 13 Vocabulary a]nh

38 Chapter 13 Vocabulary path { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3535609/slides/slide_38.jpg", "name": "Chapter 13 Vocabulary path


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