Presentation on theme: "Welcome to Today’s exciting topic…. Cell History Cell Processes Membrane Bound Organelle s Name That Organelle Plant Cells Anything Goes 100 200 300."— Presentation transcript:
Today’s exciting topic….
Cell History Cell Processes Membrane Bound Organelle s Name That Organelle Plant Cells Anything Goes PowerPoint Jeopardy
In 1665, this scientist was the first to use the word “cell”.
Robert Hooke Back to Game Board
In the late 1660’s, this scientist was the first to see and describe microorganisms under the microscope
Leeuwenhoek Back to Game Board
These three scientists are given credit for the Cell Theory.
Schleiden Schwann Virchow Back to Game Board
What are the three parts to the cell theory?
All living things are made of cells. The cell is the basic unit of structure and function in all living things. Cells arise from pre-existing cells. Back to Game Board
All cells have what two characteristics in common?
They are surrounded by a cell membrane. They have DNA or RNA. Back to Game Board
The process of converting food (glucose) into a form of energy the cell can use (ATP).
Respiration Back to Game Board
Breaking down food into small molecules that can be used by the cell.
Digestion Back to Game Board
Using the energy from food for growth and repair.
Biosynthesis Back to Game Board
The ability to respond to a stimulus.
Irritability Back to Game Board
The removal of liquid waste from the cell.
Excretion Back to Game Board
The control center of the cell.
Nucleus Back to Game Board
This organelle contains very strong, digestive enzymes.
Lysosome Back to Game Board
This organelle sorts and packages proteins and ships them off to their final destinations.
Golgi Apparatus Back to Game Board
This organelle makes lipids that will be used in the cell membrane.
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Back to Game Board
This is a storage area inside a cell.
Vacuole Back to Game Board
This is the place in the cell where ribosomal subunits are manufactured.
Nucleolus Back to Game Board
These are composed of DNA and serve as the storehouse for genetic information of a cell.
Chromosomes Back to Game Board
Newly made proteins from the ribosomes are inserted into the spaces of this organelle where they are modified and shaped into functioning proteins.
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Back to Game Board
The “powerhouse” of the cell; this is where cellular respiration takes place.
Mitochondria Back to Game Board
This is the organelle of the cell that is responsible for protein synthesis.
Ribosomes Back to Game Board
Name three organelles that are found in plant cells but are never found in animal cells.
Cell Wall Chloroplasts Large, central vacuole Back to Game Board
This organelle contains chlorophyll and is the site of photosynthesis in a plant cell.
Chloroplasts Back to Game Board
a)This structure contains pigments of all colors except green; Gives fruits and flowers their color. b)This structure is colorless and is a storage area for starch inside a plant cell.
a) Chromoplast b) Leukoplast Back to Game Board
What substance composes the cell wall, giving it structure and support?
Cellulose Back to Game Board
The high pressure of water inside the central vacuole of plants is called:
Turgor Pressure Back to Game Board
This provides an internal framework and support system to give shape and organization to a cell.
Cytoskeleton Back to Game Board
This type of cell has no nucleus or membrane- bound organelles.
Prokaryotic Back to Game Board
This type of cell does have a true nucleus as well as membrane-bound organelles.
Eukaryotic Back to Game Board
In a multicellular organism, the cells have become highly specialized. What is the advantage to cell specialization? What is the disadvantage to cell specialization?
Advantage: When a group of cells has only one function, they can become very efficient at that one function. Disadvantage: The cells become very dependent on one another. If one group of cells fails to do their job, the other cells will perish. Back to Game Board
Name given to a group of cells that are specialized to perform the same function. Name given to a group of tissues that are specialized to perform the same function. Name given to a group of organs that are specialized to perform the same function.