Presentation on theme: "Homeostasis and Cell Function/Structure Remember to wait for the vocabulary word to pop up! Can you guess it before it comes up? The Living Environment."— Presentation transcript:
Homeostasis and Cell Function/Structure Remember to wait for the vocabulary word to pop up! Can you guess it before it comes up? The Living Environment - NYS 1.2 – The student should be able to describe and explain the structures and functions of the human body at different organizational levels (for example, systems, tissues, cells, organelles) PB 09
Homeostasis The ability of an organism to maintain a stable internal environment even when the external environment changes http://tribalglobe.com/TG/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/11971-1.jpg
Cell The basic unit of structure and function that makes up all organisms http://www.the-aps.org/education/lot/cell/cell.JPG
Cell Membrane The thin boundary between the cell and its environment http://library.thinkquest.org/C004535/media/cell_membrane.gif
Diffusion The movement of molecules from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cc/Scheme_simple_diffusion_in_cell_membrane- en.svg/626px-Scheme_simple_diffusion_in_cell_membrane-en.svg.png High Low
Osmosis Movement of water through a selectively permeable membrane, high concentration to low concentration High Low http://www.genomestudy.com/BIO196/Lab4/osmosis.gif
Active Transport The process by which cells use energy to transport molecules through the cell membrane from areas of low concentration to areas of high concentration http://www.goldiesroom.org/Multimedia/Bio_Images/06%20Transport/11%20Active%20Transport%202.jpg
Chloroplast The green organelle that contains chlorophyll, where photosynthesis takes place http://virtualbiologytutor.co.uk/images/chloroplast1.gif http://imagecache.allposters.com/images/pic/JAG/03-PS05-8~Photosynthesis-Posters.jpg
Cytoplasm The jellylike substance that is between the cell membrane and the nucleus, carry out the transport of material http://daylilies.org/ahs_dictionary/cytoplasm.gif ?
Nucleus A large structure within a cell that controls the cell’s metabolism and stores genetic information (chromosomes and DNA) http://daylilies.org/ahs_dictionary/cytoplasm.gif ?
Ribosome Tiny structure in the cell that is the site of protein production http://publications.nigms.nih.gov/insidethecell/images/ch2_ribosome_ proteinbig.jpg
Mitochondrion Pod shaped organelles that contain enzymes used to extract energy from nutrients http://www.sciencehelpdesk.com/img/bg3_1/OrganellesMitochondrion1.gif Nutrients Energy
Vacuole Storage sacs within the cytoplasm of a cell that may contain either wastes or useful materials (food or water) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8 e/Plant_cell_structure_svg_vacuole.svg/649px- Plant_cell_structure_svg_vacuole.svg.png Found in http://daylilies.org/ahs_dictionary/cytoplas m.gif
Lysosome A specialized vacuole, filled with enzymes needed to break down (digest) certain material in the cell http://www.east-haven.k12.ct.us/dcmoore/Grade%206/Cell%20Websites/angelica_files/lysosome.png
Nucleolus A small organelle, located in the nucleus, where assembly of ribosomes begins https://eapbiofield.wikispaces.com/file/view/nucleolus.jpeg
Endoplasmic Reticulum Internal membrane system in cells Houses ribosomes Accepts manufactured proteins Transports proteins to plasma membrane http://www.nsf.gov/news/overviews/biology/assets/interact07.jpg
Golgi Apparatus Stack of membranes in the cell where enzymes attach carbohydrates and lipids to proteins http://kvhs.nbed.nb.ca/gallant/biology/golgi_apparatus.jpg carbohydrate lipid enzyme
Centriole Cylindrical structure, located in the cytoplasm of the animal cell. Appears to function in cell division http://www.funhousefilms.com/centriol.jpg
Cell Wall Strong layer around the cell membrane primarily in plant and algae cells. Protects the cell http://terrebonneonline.com/bacteria2.jpg
Cell Respiration The process in which nutrients are broken apart, releasing the chemical energy stored in them http://www.phschool.com/science/biology_place/biocoach/images/cell resp/Overview.gif Chemical energy
Amino Acids Any one of several building blocks of proteins www.bbmechanics.com/amino.jpg
Enzymes Proteins that speed up the rate of chemical reactions in living things http://www.mercury-poison.com/Images/EnzymeExample.jpg ??