2 hablo = I speak juego = I play llego = I arrive In Spanish, the words for ‘I’, ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘we’, ‘they’ are not usedvery often with verbs. Instead, the ending of the verb tells you who‘is doing’ the verb.hablo = I speakjuego = I playllego = I arriveIf you look up ‘speak’ in the dictionary, you will probably not find‘hablo = I speak’, you will find the basic verb, THE INFINITIVEhablar = to speakFrom this basic verb, you need to know how to change it to say‘I speak’, ‘you speak’ ‘he speaks’ etc…
3 Most infinitives end in –ar. Some end in –ir or –er. These are the 3 main groups and each group has its own set of endings.ar verbs: e.g. hablar – to speak(yo) hablo – I speak(tú) hablas – you speak(él/ella) habla – he/she speaks(nosotros) hablamos – we speak(vosotros) habláis – you speak (pl)(ellos/ellas) hablan – they speak
4 er verbs: e.g. comer – to eat (yo) como – I eat(tú) comes – you eat(él/ella) come – he/she eats(nosotros) comemos – we eat(vosotros) coméis – you eat (pl)(ellos/ellas) comen – they eat
5 ir verbs: e.g. vivir – to live (yo) vivo – I live(tú) vives – you live(él/ella) vive – he/she lives(nosotros) vivimos – we live(vosotros) vivís – you live (pl)(ellos/ellas) viven – they live
6 There are some verbs, which change slightly in the middle of the word sometimes. These are called Radically Changing VerbsJugar – to playNotice, that every time except with ‘we’ and ‘you plural’,an extra ‘e’ creeps in…Juego – I playJuegas – You playJuega – he/she playsJugamos – we playJugáis – you play (pl)Juegan – they playvolver = ‘to return’ is alsoradically changing:vuelvo – I return
7 Some verbs are simply ‘irregular’ and have to be learnt by heart. ‘tener = to have’ and ‘ser = to be’belong to this group.hacer – to dohago – I dohaces – you dohace – he/she doeshacemos – we dohacéis – you do (pl)hacen – they doir – to govoy – I govas – you gova – he/she goesvamos – we govais – you go (pl)van – they goMake a note of these IN THE BACK OF YOUR BOOK
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