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The Present Tense. In Spanish, the words for ‘I’, ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘we’, ‘they’ are not used very often with verbs. Instead, the ending of the verb.

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Presentation on theme: "The Present Tense. In Spanish, the words for ‘I’, ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘we’, ‘they’ are not used very often with verbs. Instead, the ending of the verb."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Present Tense

2 In Spanish, the words for ‘I’, ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘we’, ‘they’ are not used very often with verbs. Instead, the ending of the verb tells you who ‘is doing’ the verb. hablo = I speak juego = I play llego = I arrive If you look up ‘speak’ in the dictionary, you will probably not find ‘hablo = I speak’, you will find the basic verb, THE INFINITIVE hablar = to speak From this basic verb, you need to know how to change it to say ‘I speak’, ‘you speak’ ‘he speaks’ etc…

3 Most infinitives end in –ar. Some end in –ir or –er. These are the 3 main groups and each group has its own set of endings. ar verbs: e.g. hablar – to speak (yo) hablo – I speak (tú) hablas – you speak (él/ella) habla – he/she speaks (nosotros) hablamos – we speak (vosotros) habláis – you speak (pl) (ellos/ellas) hablan – they speak

4 er verbs: e.g. comer – to eat (yo) como – I eat (tú) comes – you eat (él/ella) come – he/she eats (nosotros) comemos – we eat (vosotros) coméis – you eat (pl) (ellos/ellas) comen – they eat

5 ir verbs: e.g. vivir – to live (yo) vivo – I live (tú) vives – you live (él/ella) vive – he/she lives (nosotros) vivimos – we live (vosotros) vivís – you live (pl) (ellos/ellas) viven – they live

6 There are some verbs, which change slightly in the middle of the word sometimes. These are called Radically Changing Verbs Jugar – to play Notice, that every time except with ‘we’ and ‘you plural’, an extra ‘e’ creeps in… Juego – I play Juegas – You play Juega – he/she plays Jugamos – we play Jugáis – you play (pl) Juegan – they play volver = ‘to return’ is also radically changing: vuelvo – I return

7 Some verbs are simply ‘irregular’ and have to be learnt by heart. ‘tener = to have’ and ‘ser = to be’ belong to this group. hacer – to do hago – I do haces – you do hace – he/she does hacemos – we do hacéis – you do (pl) hacen – they do ir – to go voy – I go vas – you go va – he/she goes vamos – we go vais – you go (pl) van – they go Make a note of these IN THE BACK OF YOUR BOOK


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