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That affect you in your everyday lives: That affect people your age on a global scale:

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2 That affect you in your everyday lives: That affect people your age on a global scale:

3 COMPUTER BASED EXERCISE Fed up of listening to your teacher?? Think you could do a better job?? Well now is your chance. You will be split into five groups, with each group selecting a topic area. Each group will need to deliver a minute lesson on their allocated topic to the rest of the class (1 WBQ session). You will have time in your WBQ sessions to carry out research on the computers and to plan your lessons – all computer based lessons can be used while working on this element – Social Issues.

4 1. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Social Issues that affect you5. Local community 2. Right’s and responsibilities6. Enterprise 3. Money and finance7. Influence of Advertising 4. Social conflict8. Influence of Sport

5 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1. We Are All Born Free & Equal. We are all born free. We all have our own thoughts and ideas. We should all be treated in the same way. 2. Don’t Discriminate. These rights belong to everybody, whatever our differences. 3. The Right to Life. We all have the right to life, and to live in freedom and safety. 4. No Slavery. Nobody has any right to make us a slave. We cannot make anyone our slave. 5. No Torture. Nobody has any right to hurt us or to torture us. 6. You Have Rights No Matter Where You Go. I am a person just like you! 7. We’re All Equal Before the Law. The law is the same for everyone. It must treat us all fairly. 8. Your Human Rights Are Protected by Law. We can all ask for the law to help us when we are not treated fairly.

6 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights Continued: 9. No Unfair Detainment. Nobody has the right to put us in prison without good reason and keep us there, or to send us away from our country. 10. The Right to Trial. If we are put on trial this should be in public. The people who try us should not let anyone tell them what to do. 11. We’re Always Innocent Till Proven Guilty. Nobody should be blamed for doing something until it is proven. When people say we did a bad thing we have the right to show it is not true. 12. The Right to Privacy. Nobody should try to harm our good name. Nobody has the right to come into our home, open our letters, or bother us or our family without a good reason. 13. Freedom to Move. We all have the right to go where we want in our own country and to travel as we wish. 14. The Right to Seek a Safe Place to Live. If we are frightened of being badly treated in our own country, we all have the right to run away to another country to be safe. 15. Right to a Nationality. We all have the right to belong to a country.

7 UK Human Right’s Act of 1998  the right to life  freedom from torture and degraded treatment  freedom from slavery and forced labour  the right to liberty  the right to a fair trial  the right not to be punished for something that wasn't a crime when you did it  the right to respect for private and family life  freedom of thought, conscience and religion  freedom of expression  freedom of assembly and association  the right to marry or form a civil partnership and start a family  the right not to be discriminated against in respect of these rights and freedoms  the right to own property  the right to an education  the right to participate in free elections

8 List the human rights which have been infringed.

9 Why So Many? Should there be Freedom of Movement?


11 1. Loyalty to the state 2. Abiding by the law 3. Using your vote and taking part in democratic process 4. Taking care of the environment 5. Respecting the rights of others

12 The action is set in the town of Bandung - watch the presentation and see if you can guess where Bandung is located 100,000 Rupiah for each person who writes the correct answer below:


14 "NIKIDAS" (2 managers) You make money from selling high quality sportswear. You license local factories to produce the shirts at the lowest possible price. Your aim is to make as many shirts as possible during the game, while keeping your costs as low as you can. At the start of the game (month 1), you must present a design for a new shirt to the workers and factory owners. You will award a license to supply shirts to the factories that are able to make a neat and accurate example of the design. Once a factory has gained a license, they can supply you with shirts. You should your suppliers sign a contract. During month 2 of the game you will pay 50,000 Rupiah per finished shirt. From the third month you can set your own price for buying shirts. If the shirts fall below your quality control standards, you can refuse to pay the full price, or as a last resort, you can take away a factories’ license. Factory owners must produce their license when they sell shirts to you to avoid counterfeiting.

15 "SHIRT TEX" (2 workers) Your job is to supply materials to the factories. You need to make as much profit as possible. At the start of the game all materials cost 20,000 Rupiah. After the first month you can set your own price for materials. LANDLORD (2 landlords) Your job is to collect rent from the workers and factory owners at the end of each month. This is 100,000 Rupiah each for the first 2 months. After 2 months you can increase the rent if you want.

16 BANK (2 managers) Your job is to lend money to anyone who needs it during the game. You must charge interest on your lending. Your aim is to make a profit on your investments. Keep a record of your investments during the game. You need to try and persuade other players to borrow from you throughout the game. WORKER (12 workers) You are an unskilled worker. Your aim during the game is to stay out of debt and make enough money each month to survive. You start the game with 100,000 Rupiah. You have to find employment in a factory and then earn at least 100,000 Rupiah to be able to afford your first months rent. You have to negotiate your wages with the factory owner. You can leave the factory after the end of each month. If you leave earlier you won't get paid. The bank will lend you money if you need it. You are responsible for making the shirts under the direction of the factory owner. Your work must be neat and accurate or you could be fired.

17 FACTORY OWNER (10 owners) You own a small factory. Your role is to produce shirts for Nikidas. You have to purchase raw materials from a local supplier at the cheapest possible price and negotiate a contract to supply Nikidas. You must compete with other factories for the license to supply Nikidas. You also have to pay your workers. During the game you will have to keep your costs as low as possible, yet maintain a high quality of manufacturing. If you lose your license you might have to become a worker! At the start of the game you must employ a worker and then get them to make a shirt. You must then try to get Nikidas to place an order with your factory. Your aim is to make as much money as possible from the shirts you sell. You are free to pay your worker what ever you like but if they cannot pay their rent (100,000 Rupiah each month) they might leave your factory. If you need to borrow money you must go to the bank. After the first month you can sack workers or take on more staff. You also need to pay rent to the landlord each month.

18 INDONESIAN GOVERNMENT (Your Teacher) Your priority is to make sure that Nikidas stay in your country. You should oversee the trading and if necessary, make laws and fix prices for materials, wages and rents. Players can petition you if they have disagreements. You are also responsible for Indonesian time keeping! You may decide to raise prices of raw materials in response to inflation. At the end of each month stop all activity, allow players to total earnings and pay debts, have a transfer window for workers, and get some feedback from selected players.

19 RULES: No one must use any materials other than as supplied. Factory owners are not allowed to do any work themselves! Factories cannot sell shirts to Nikidas without a license. There is no limit to how many workers can be employed by a single factory. In the event of a dispute, the government makes the final ruling. Players may be fined by the government, but for very serious offences, they may be jailed and removed from the game. The government may stop the game at any time to make announcements about rules, outcomes of disputes, and other factors affecting trading including inflation, natural disasters etc.

20 RULES: No one must use any materials other than as supplied. Factory owners are not allowed to do any work themselves! Factories cannot sell shirts to Nikidas without a license. There is no limit to how many workers can be employed by a single factory. In the event of a dispute, the government makes the final ruling. Players may be fined by the government, but for very serious offences, they may be jailed and removed from the game. The government may stop the game at any time to make announcements about rules, outcomes of disputes, and other factors affecting trading including inflation, natural disasters etc.

21 1. Assume that Nikidas can make a profit of Rupiah on each shirt - how much money have they made (not including initial money provided)? 2. How much did Shirt Tex make? 3. How much did the landlords make? 4. How much did the bank managers make (not including initial money provided)? 5. How much did the factory owners make on average (not including initial money provided)? 6. How much did the workers make on average (not including initial money provided)?


23 How many of you have chores at home? How many of you have jobs? How old do you have to be to work? What do you receive in exchange for the work that you do?










33 CHILD LABOUR: Fill in the Blanks 1215 School attendance1820 HazardousBetter lifePhysical Lack of decent jobs for adults. Large families require a variety of incomes to feed their members. Some jobs require small hands and bodies (sewing, crawling in small spaces). Agriculture jobs pay by the amount of produce picked. This system encourages families to bring more children into the field to help collect farmed goods. Poor families can't afford to send their children to school. WHY ARE CHILDREN FORCED TO WORK?

34 WHY ARE CHILDREN FORCED TO WORK (Cont.)? It is cheaper to pay small children because they are less likely to complain than adults. Many families around the world are unfamiliar with the rights of their children and deem it acceptable to send children to work. Girls are often kept at home to look after younger children and do household chores. Families think that school won't help their children survive. Therefore, they send children to work where they can make money to feed themselves and family members. Migrant children don't live in one place long enough to attend school; instead they work in the fields with their parents. DISCUSSION POINT: Do any of the reasons you have listed, or those displayed by your teacher justify child labour? Should children work to help feed their families? What if a parent is disabled or incapable of providing food for the family, should the child forego school and work instead?

35 Look at the table below… Select the 5 characteristics that would be most important to you, and for each one, explain why it is important. THE PERFECT SWEATSHOP WORKER… Aged between 12 & 16Trade union memberMale AmbitiousTallNimble fingers KindStrong handsSlim Married with a familyA leaderFemale FitUneducatedSociable EducatedSingle personCurrently in debt Has strong opinionsIndependentAged over 20 TkativeGood team workerLives locally

36 WHAT CAN BE DONE? don't purchase materials that might have been made by children, boycott companies that have children in their work force. International Labour Organization (ILO) works to raise awareness and promote the collection of information about the plight of child labourers. World Day Against Child Labour Support the work of NGO’s (Non governmental organisations/charities) in fighting against child labour. Work to get all countries to sign an international agreement on working conditions and minimum working age.

37 Sooner or later you will be making some important financial decisions. This section of your social issues booklet will provide you with the skills you need to help you to make informed decisions. As we work through this section of your social issues booklet we will follow the financial decisions and choices made by 2 fictional characters –Daniel and Holly both aged 14. Dan likes school....most of the time, is in to fast cars and can’t wait to pass his driving test. Holly loves mixing with friends, parties and shopping, and when she is older she wants to travel the world and be an air hostess.

38 Financial Planning In this section we will deal with financial planning in terms of income, expenditure and savings: Let’s start by looking at Holly: ‘My financial planning is fairly simple really, I get £10 pocket money each week, or which I spend approximately..... £10. So I have no savings. And before you ask, no I am far too busy to think about a part time job, I have plenty of time to think about that when I am older.’ Now let’s consider Dan’s finances: ‘My income works out as £5 per week as pocket money at the moment, I am thinking about getting a part time job though so that I can spend a bit more on myself. I do feel that I should be saving some of my income though.’ Q29. 20% of £5 = £1 Q30. 30% of £5 = £1.50 Q31. 30% of £5 = £1.75 Q32. £5-£1 = £4

39 Financial Planning (cont.) Dan: ‘So really all I need to do now is find a part time job. But before I leap in, I feel that I need to carry out some research to find out how to get a job and if there are any legal issues that I should be aware of.’ Q35. No Q36. Yes Q37. No Q38. No Q39.Yes ‘Most children under the age of 13 are not allowed to work in part time jobs. Employment law clearly states that children are not allowed to work during school hours, before 7am or after 7pm on any day. A permit must be obtained from the local education authority to allow a child to work. Factories and industrial sites are not considered appropriate places for children and are not allowed to employ under 18’s. There is also no minimum wage for children under 16.’ Q40. £5 – Remember that Dan also gets £5 pocket money a week, so his income is £25. Q41. £20 Q42. £7.50 Q43. £8.75

40 Financial Planning (cont.) Dan: ‘Everyone tells me that I should save my money in a building society or bank, so I think it would be a good idea to find out more about how they work.’ Dan: ‘A bank will lend MY money to other people – so what’s in it for me then’ Q44. The bank will pay Dan interest on his savings The interest that banks pay out on savings is calculated as a percentage and is usually quoted as an annual rate. Similarly when they lend out money they charge interest on these loans. Q45. Banks make money by charging higher interest rates on loans than they pay out in interest

41 THE CREDIT CRUNCH Dan: ‘I have just been reading about the credit crunch and problems with the banks and I’ve been thinking, what if my bank gets into trouble, what’s going to happen to my savings?’ Clip 1: Customers queue at Northern Rock Clip 2: Northern Rock Panic Q46. It is the only branch in the area that can deal with the problems Q47. Worried that Northern Rock would go bankrupt and that they would lose their money Q48. Well over 1 billion pounds Q49. Everyone from the Bank of England to the Chancellor Q50. Don’t Panic

42 THE CREDIT CRUNCH (cont.) Clip 3: Savings protection under new legislation Q51. The state opening of parliament Q52. Savings up op to 35 thousand pound Clip 4: Duncan Bannatyne’s view on the credit crunch Q53. George Bush Q54. Tried to take over lady leisure – lost 1 million and 40 thousand pounds. Clip 5: UK banking crisis deepens as share prices tumble Q55. RBS – Royal bank of Scotland Q56. Shareholders

43 Interest Rates The Bank of Owen has an interest rate of 5% per year: Q57. £50 Q58. £75 Q59. £105 Q60. £260 Q61. £13 Q62. £73 Q63. £278.20

44 Interest Rates (cont.) Dan’s own savings (Your estimate) Interest received (Your estimate) Total (Your estimate) Dan’s own savings (Actual figure) Interest received (Actual Figure) Total (Actual figure) £1306£4420£7540£10400£13520 £180£254£9432£22802£51183 £1486£4674£16972£33202£64703

45 EXPENDITURE: 1.Budget for holiday 2. Choose destination 3. Holiday money 4. Holiday insurance 5. Packing 6. Work out overall cost Holly: ‘I can’t wait to go away and get a tan, there are 4 of us going and the most that we can spend on flight’s and accommodation is £550’ ANY SUGGESTIONS?

46 Currency: TokyoJapan Yen? Euros? Kroner? Dollars?

47 Ibiza Yen? Euros? Kroner? Dollars? Currency: Spain

48 Honolulu Hawaii Yen? Euros? Kroner? Dollars? Currency: USA

49 Stockholm Yen? Euros? Kroner? Dollars? Currency: Sweden

50 Paris Yen? Euros? Kroner? Dollars? Currency: France

51 d) Ibiza is the obvious choice with others not ticking all boxes on the checklist. e) £175 f) £395 g) £56.42 or some may suggest £50 per day which will leave a cushion

52 Bank/Credit CardsCashTravellers cheques AdvantagesDisadvantagesAdvantages DisadvantagesAdvantages Cash, Card or Travellers Cheques?: Accepted in most countries Avoids having to carry cash More secure than cash Commission charges can be high Some cards have hidden service charges. It is more difficult to control spending Is accepted everywhere Easy to exchange Useful for making small purchases Unlikely to be retrieved if lost or stolen Rates of commission can be high Secure Easily replaced Require signature and proof of identity to cash Need to be purchased in advance Not accepted everywhere Not transferrable

53 At 1.14 Euros to the pound she would get 456 Euros j) The sensible option would be a little cash, and cards or travellers cheques for the rest. k) Some likely suggestions could be: Taken ill Huge medical bill Lost money or cards stolen Lost passport Travel delays m) £550 holiday, £395 spending money, £35 travel insurance, £100 purchases for holiday = £1080

54 The Influence of Sport

55 Q72. Large target audience, large range of people can be targeted, influence of sport can be utilised. Q73. A variety can apply depending on sports watched: Alcohol, electrical products, cars, airlines, holiday destinations, sports companies, betting companies etc. Q74. Adverts at half time/intervals, Bill boards/barriers around pitches, sponsors on kit/jerseys, brands on cars, sponsored shows, stadium names etc. Q75. Adults mainly. Q76. The youth market is worth billions to advertisers. Just looking at North America – every year children aged between 9 and 14 spend 1.7 billion dollars of their own money and influence 10 times that amount in family spending – the ‘nag factor’. Q77. Alcohol and tobacco related products, gambling companies. Q78. Alcohol marketers hope that by pairing their products with winning athletes and teams, consumers will make similar associations with their products. Sport and Advertising:

56 Q79. No matter you, say the reality is that that alcohol companies need new drinkers to replace adult drinkers who die. At the very least companies hope continues exposure to their brand will foster loyalty at an early age, so when young people do start drinking they will choose their product. Q80. Research has found that young children’s exposure to alcohol is related to higher drinking expectancies, as well as greater consumption. Children are more likely to model behaviour they perceive to be desirable, realistic and rewarding; pairing drinking with positive aspects of sport reinforces these perceptions. Children who are exposed to sponsored sporting events are likely to associate brand and logos with professional athletes. Research has concluded that youngsters develop awareness of alcohol at an early age in part because of exposure to alcohol advertisements and sponsorship. Sport and Advertising:

57 Sport and Advertising: RUGBY UNION

58 Sport and Advertising: FORMULA ONE

59 Sport and Advertising: FOOTBALL


61 Sport and Advertising: Product AdvertisedAge Group TV Adverts ‘Sneaky Ad’s’ Advertising through branding at placements, logos, sponsorship etc

62 WALES, EUROPE AND THE WORLD (WEW) – ELEMENT 2: SOCIAL ISSUES 1. Describe activities you have taken part in: 2. Write about what you have learnt from taking part in these activities and what you enjoyed about them. 3. Select one piece of evidence from your social issues booklet which backs up comments made in your evaluation 4. Replace page 3 in your Welsh Baccalaureate Diary with your evaluation sheet and evidence. 5. Remember to be as through as possible as this will count towards your WBQ diploma


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