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Freud and Frankenstein Tracing the development of “ id, ego, super-ego ” in Frankenstein Class 1 周迎.

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Presentation on theme: "Freud and Frankenstein Tracing the development of “ id, ego, super-ego ” in Frankenstein Class 1 周迎."— Presentation transcript:

1 Freud and Frankenstein Tracing the development of “ id, ego, super-ego ” in Frankenstein Class 1 周迎

2 Sigmund Freud ( ) Structural and Topographical Models of Personality

3 Freud's Id, Ego, & Superego The Id ( “ It ”— 本我,指潜意 识的最深层,无意识的原 始精神能源 ): functions in the irrational and emotional part of the mind The Ego ( “ I ”— 自我,自己 ): functions with the rational part of the mind The Superego ( “ Over-I ”— 超 我 ): the moral part of the mind three aspects working together to produce all of our complex behaviors

4 Id : “ want, want, want ” / “ pleasure principle ” want whatever feels good at the time, with no consideration for the reality of the situation only its own satisfaction, with no consideration of anyone else too strong = bound up in self-gratification and uncaring to others

5 Frankenstein ’ s creature Frankenstein socially repressed elements of Frankenstein his wish for his mother: replacing his dead mother double

6 Frankenstein ’ s creature: comprises of the unacceptable traits of humans (what humans suppress, or should suppress) : villainy, murderous thoughts, revenge, etc Those traits – Frankenstein had but suppressed

7 William Elizabeth - physically like his mother and had a history like that of his mother - Frankenstein ’ s mother took care of her, but then sickened and died P828 Frankenstein ’ s Oedipus Complex

8 Rejecting Elizabeth Death of Elizabeth - Monster ’ s words: I shall be with you on your wedding-night P897 - After receiving the letter from Elizabeth P906 - The letter revived in my memory what I had before forgotten, the threat of the fined- “ I shall be with you on your wedding-night ” P907 - After Frankenstein ’ s marriage to Elizabeth: in the inn - She left me, and I continued some time walking up and down the passages of the house P911 Perhaps deep down Frankenstein wanted to be rid of Elizabeth

9 Super-ego: the human sense of guilt and conscience Ego ideal: provides rules for good behavior, and standards of excellence towards which the Ego must strive Conscience: the rules about what constitutes bad behavior too strong = feels guilty all the time, may even have an insufferably saintly personality

10 Frankenstein's sense of guilt The violent, aggressive way Frankenstein creates his monster The violent, aggressive way Frankenstein creates his monster A fear of the loss of love, the lose of the source of protection as punishment for one ’ s sins A fear of the loss of love, the lose of the source of protection as punishment for one ’ s sins

11 After days and nights of incredible labour and fatigue, I succeeded in discovering the cause of generation P833

12 digging through graveyard at night dark office rank odor and filth I collected bones from charnel houses … In a solitary chamber, or rather cell, at the top of the house, and separated from all the other apartments by a gallery and staircase, I kept my workshop of filthy creation; my eyeballs were starting from their sockets in attending to the details of my employment. The dissecting room and the slaughter-house furnished many of my materials; and often did my human nature turn with loathing from my occupation, whilst, still urged on by an eagerness which perpetually increased, I brought my work near to a conclusion. P834

13 horrid situation — unhealthy desire despair

14 If they knew: Frankenstein= “ true murderer ” his father Clerval Elizabeth

15 I thought I saw Elizabeth, in the bloom of health, walking in the streets of Ingolstadt. Delighted and surprised, I embraced her; her features appeared to change, and I thought that I held the corpse of my dead mother in my arms … P836 Revealing Victor's deep-seated fear of losing his loved ones

16 References: Sigmund Freud- Life and Work Ego, Id, Super-ego ality/EgoIDSuper.html ality/EgoIDSuper.html Psychoanalytic Criticism and Frankenstein sm_and_frankenstein.html sm_and_frankenstein.html Freud and Frankenstein: Tracing the Development of the “ Super-Ego ” Emily Kay Carson The Double in Gothic Romance: A Study of The Monk, Frankenstein, “ William Wilson ”, The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, and The Picture of Dorian Gray Aya Yatsugi

17 Thank you!


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