Presentation on theme: "PORT OF RIJEKA. The Port of Rijeka (Croatian: Luka Rijeka) located on the shore of the Kvarner Gulf in the Adriatic Sea. The first records of the port."— Presentation transcript:
The Port of Rijeka (Croatian: Luka Rijeka) located on the shore of the Kvarner Gulf in the Adriatic Sea. The first records of the port date to 1281. It was the main port of the Kingdom of Hungary in the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, of Yugoslavia between World War II and 1991, and of Croatia after its independence. Today, it is the largest port in Croatia with a cargo throughput of 9.4 million tonnes (2011), mostly oil, general cargo and bulk cargo of 150,677 Twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs). In 2008, the Port of Rijeka recorded 4,376 ship arrivals. It is managed by the Port of Rijeka Authority.CroatianKvarner GulfAdriatic SeaKingdom of HungaryYugoslaviaWorld War IIbulk cargo Twenty-foot equivalent units
In 2011, Luka Rijeka d.d., a concessionaire of the Port of Rijeka signed a contract of strategic partnership with International Container Terminal Services Inc. (ICTSI) and Jadranska vrata d.d., the second concessionaire of the Port of Rijeka, to operate the container terminal. The partnership aims to expand the terminal's capacity to 600,000 TEUs. The development master plan, devised by Rotterdam Maritime Group, calls for further expansion of the port facilities by 2030, including construction of a large container terminal in Omišalj on Krk Island. The third concessionaire is Jadranski naftovod (JANAF), which operates an oil terminal in Omišalj.Luka Rijekaconcessionaire International Container Terminal Services Inc.Jadranska vrataOmišalj KrkJadranski naftovodoil terminal
HISTORY The first record of a port in Rijeka dates back to 1281, when the Great Council of the Republic of Venice reported a conflict of Venetian merchants and ship owners from Zadar and Rab. In 1719, the Port of Rijeka was granted a charter as a free port by Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, and the first road connecting the port to the hinterland, the Caroline road, was completed in 1728.The inland connections were gradually improved by the construction of the Josephina and Louisiana roads in 1779 and 1810 respectivelyRijekaGreat CouncilRepublic of VeniceZadarRabfree portHoly Roman Emperor Charles VI Caroline roadJosephinaLouisiana
Following World War II and the Paris Peace Treaties, Rijeka became a part of Croatia and Yugoslavia. This provided the Port of Rijeka with a new market and sparked further development. A bulk cargo terminal was completed in 1967, followed by warehouses in Škrljevo in 1978. In 1979, a container terminal in Sušak, a phosphate terminal in Rijeka and a timber terminal in Bršica were added. Joining them were a livestock terminal in Bršica and a general cargo terminal with a roll-on/roll-off ramp in the Bakar area in 1982 and 1983 respectively.Paris Peace Treaties Yugoslavia bulk cargoŠkrljevocontainer terminalSušakphosphateBršicaroll-on/roll-offBakar
The greatest volume of cargo was recorded in 1980, when 20.2 million tonnes, including 13.1 million tonnes of liquid cargo, were transported.  The port suffered another period of stagnation in the 1990s due to the Croatian War of Independence, when a portion of the port's shipping switched to Trieste and Koper  Croatian War of Independence TriesteKoper
TRANSPORT AND TERMINALS The facilities include terminals and other structures in the city and in the area reaching from the Bay of Bakar, where the bulk cargo terminal is located, approximately 13 kilometres (8.1 miles) east of Rijeka, to Bršica to the west of Rijeka, where there is a multi- purpose terminal.The Port of Rijeka is at the southern terminus of the Pan-European transport network Corridor Vb, representing a maritime extension of the rail and road routes leading to and from Rijeka.Bay of BakarPan-European transport network Corridor Vb Rail links comprise single-track railway lines to Zagreb and to Pivka, Slovenia. There are plans to upgrade to a high-performance, double-track railway.
The port comprises several terminals: Bulk Cargo Terminal – handles coal, iron ore and bulk cargo; 4 million tonnes annual capacity; accommodates big ships; located in the Bay of Bakar, 13 kilometres (8.1 miles) east of Rijeka Cereal Terminal – handles and storage of cereals and oilseeds; 1 million tonnes annual capacity; western part of the Port of Rijeka Container and Ro-Ro Terminal – handles intermodal containers; contains a roll-on/roll-off ramp; accommodates Panamax ships, located in the eastern part of the port; operated by Jadranska vrata d.d.intermodal containersPanamax General Cargo Terminal – handles general cargo, salt and cement; 2 million tonnes annual capacity; western part of the port Timber Terminal – handles, stores and processes timber; 500,000 tonnes annual capacity; eastern part of the port Škrljevo Terminal – cargo storage, processing and packaging facilities; occupies 41.7 hectares (103 acres) 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) from Rijeka, providing motorway and rail access
Frigo Terminal – handles and stores refrigerated and frozen food; 100,000 tonnes annual capacity; western part of the port Bršica Terminal – handles livestock, timber and general cargo; 60,000 tonnes of annual capacity; located 60 kilometres (37 miles) to the west from Rijeka Passenger Terminal – 11 piers; serving 200,000 passengers per year, largely traveling by lines serving nearby islands and other ports along the Adriatic coast. Liquid Cargo Terminal – two berths (30-metre (98 ft) draft); located in Omišalj Bay (operated by JANAF) and Sepen Bay (operated by DIOKI d.d.), both on Krk Island; annual capacity of 24 million tonnes of oil; 130,000 tonnes storage capacity; the terminal is linked to a pipeline operated by JANAF and the DINA petrochemical plant in OmišaljberthsdraftKrk
The port has 58 berths and two additional berths in the Liquid Cargo Terminal. The port of Rijeka is the largest port in Croatia, handling the largest portion of the country's imports and exports. In 2008, 2418 ships docked at Rijeka itself, 872 at Bršica, 818 at Bakar, and 268 at Omišalj—a total of 4376. In 2010, the Port of Rijeka transported 10.2 million tonnes of cargo, a 9% drop from 2009. However the figure represents a 69% increase of dry cargo transport volume compared to 2002. The 2010 figure includes 5.6 million tonnes of liquid cargo, 2.3 million tonnes of general cargo, 2.0 million tonnes of bulk cargo and 254,000 tonnes of timber. The container terminal recorded a substantial growth of business in past years.container terminal
The Port of Rijeka also serves passenger and ferry lines operated by Jadrolinija to the nearby islands of Cres, Mali Lošinj, Susak, Ilovik, Unije, Rab and Pag, as well as to Adriatic ports further south, such as Split and Dubrovnik. The line to Split and Dubrovnik also serves the islands of Hvar, Korčula and Mljet. The passenger terminal serves approximately 200,000 passengers each year. As of August 2011, there are three concessionaires operating in the Port of Rijeka: Luka Rijeka d.d., Jadranska vrata d.d. and JANAF.JadrolinijaCresMali LošinjSusakIlovikUnijeRab PagSplitDubrovnikHvarKorčulaMljet
In 2011, Luka Rijeka d.d., operator of the Port of Rijeka, signed a contract of strategic partnership with the ICTSI and Jadranska vrata d.d.. The partnership aims to expand the capacity of the container terminal to 600,000 TEUs. It is estimated that ICTSI and Luka Rijeka d.d. will invest up to one billion kunas (135 million euro) in the Port of Rijeka. Upgrades of other port terminals are also planned, with investments through the World Bank and through build-operate-transfer and public–private partnership schemes. They include cargo terminals in the city of Rijeka and the new passenger terminal opened in October 2009
The Port of Rijeka development master plan, devised by Rotterdam Maritime Group, specifies further expansion of port facilities by 2030, including the construction of a large container terminal in Omišalj on Krk Island, near the JANAF Omišalj oil terminal. The container terminal would increase the annual capacity of the port by 2.5 million TEUs.
PORT OF PLOČE The port of Ploce is one of the main ports of Croatia and it is considered as a strategic port by the Croatian Government. It si located on the Adriatic coast at mid- distance of Split and Dubrovnik and is the gateway of the Vc European corridor. In the period from 1991 to 1996, the intensity of port operation significantly decreased due to the events of war in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, resulting in the destruction of the entire economy and in an interruption in railway and road communications between the coast and the inland. Consequently the port was forced to work at a low capacity.
By the decison of the Government of the Republic of Croatia, the Port Authority was established on February 13th, 1997, as a landlord port authority at Ploce, while a separate stevedoring company, Port of Ploce/Luka Ploce dd is currently the main operator in the Port of Ploce and operates dry bulk, liquid bulk and general cargo facilities.
Since 1998 the port operator Luka Ploce dd is part of Luka Ploce Group and their activities are: sea transport services, maintenance services, construction services, freight forwarding, commerce, warehouse service etc. Construction of the port capacity started with reconstruction and rehabilitation of Pier 5 and Pier 3. RO-RO terminal was built / for the Passenger ships traffic for local and international service /and a new Liquid cargo terminal and cold-storage terminal were constructed.
Port of PLoce is a joint stock company established in January 2003 but still remains primarily state owned. The present ownership: 42,9 % of the shares belong to the Croatian Privatization Fund, 40,3 %belong to port employees and to small shareholders, and 16,8 % to the Croatian Pension Fund. The value of the company is mainly constituted by the 12-year priority concession agreement.
HISTORY The works on the construction of the new port started in 1939 and continued even during the first years of World War II. The port of Ploce and the railway towards the inland were brought into service on 15th of July 1945. this date represents the beginning of the operation of the port of Ploce for public traffic. Significant development of port started in 1945 when the railway Ploce - Sarajevo was reconstructed and economy of BiH was intensified.
Larger ships started to anchor on the newly built coast bringing grain and coal, while bauxite and timber were exported. The company "Port & Warehousese" officially started operating on January 18th, 1952. The construction of a normal-gauged railway track from Sarajevo - Ploce completed in 1966 with diesel traction, while the electrification was completed in 1969.The preconditions were thereby fulfilled for the beginning of the appearance of transit cargoes from Central European countries.
1969 marked the integration of the companies Port of Ploce and TP Sarajevo due to the adequacy of their objectives, which contributed to a significant increase in traffic volumes. Such a rapid growth in traffic volume was influenced by dinamical development of a big industrial and metallurgy enterprises in Bosnia and Herzegovina and of the wood-processing and mine industries in the first place, followed by the chemical and aluminium industries.
Development of port intensified in the period between 1960 and 1990. The functions and facilities of the port were improved by building several new piers, warehouses and silo for bulk cargo and tanks for liquid fuel, port machinery was purchase and a pier was built, pier built in port of Metkovic. After reconstruction of the port facilities in 1966 the total through the port of Ploce reached 1 million tons in a few years.
TRANSPORT AND TERMINALS The Port of Ploče is located on the Adriatic Sea coast in the area of the Neretva river. The Port of Ploče is at the southern terminus of Pan-European transport corridorV, branch C, representing a maritime extension of the rail and road routes leading to and from the Ploče area. These routes include modern roads such as: the Croatian A1 motorway, accessed via the D425 and D513, forming part of European route E65 and connecting Zagreb, Budapest and Vienna; and the Bosnia and Herzegovina A1 and the planned Croatian A10 motorways, which are parts of European route E73. All the port's quays are linked by tracks connected to a single-track railway to Mostar, Sarajevo, Osijek and further north towards Budapest.A1 motorwayD425D513 European route E65ZagrebBudapest ViennaBosnia and Herzegovina A1Croatian A10 European route E73OsijekBudapest
The port comprises several terminals: General Cargo Terminal – handles food, cattle food, cotton, tobacco and industrial products; it has processing, packaging and storage facilities, six berths and a 9.2-metre (30 ft) draught. Bulk Cargo Terminal – handles coal, iron ore, phosphates; it has storage facilities, three berths and a 13-metre (43 ft) draught, allowing transshipment of 15,000 tonnes of cargo per day. Liquid Cargo Terminal – handles fuel and other liquid cargo; it has 92,000 cubic metres (3,200,000 cubic feet) of storage capacity overall, a single berth and a 12-metre (39 ft) draught. Its cargo storage and handling facilities are operated by Luka Ploče Trgovina d.o.o. and Naftni Terminali Federacije d.o.o. (NTF). NTF is owned by the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Grain Cargo Terminal – handles transshipment, packaging and storage of cereals and oilseeds, with a capacity of 400 tonnes per hour; it has a single berth, 45,000 tonnes (99,000,000 lb) of storage capacity and a 9.8-metre (32 ft) draught
Wood Terminal – handles, stores and processes timber; it has a single berth and a 9.2-metre (30 ft) draught. Container Terminal – handles intermodal containers, it has a roll-on/roll- off ramp and accommodates Panamax ships. Its annual capacity is 60,000 TEUsintermodal containersroll-on/roll- off TEUs Bulk Cement Terminal – has 200 tonnes per hour handling capacity and 4,000-tonne (8,800,000 lb) storage capacity; it is part of Business Unit Metković, located in Metković on the Neretva river, which is 5 metres (16 feet) deep at the site. Slag Terminal – 10,000-tonne (22,000,000 lb) storage capacity adjacent to the Bulk Cement Terminal, forming a part of Business Unit Metković. Passenger Terminal – two moorings: the primary mooring is used for international transport and accommodates vessels up to 120 m (390 ft) LOA (length overall), with an 8-metre (26 ft) draught; the secondary mooring is used for local and international transport and accommodates vessels up to 65 m (213 ft) LOA, with a 5-metre (16 ft) draught LOA
The Port of Ploče is the second largest cargo seaport in Croatia, mostly serving Bosnia and Herzegovina, along with some local and regional users. The port is administered by the Port of Ploče Authority, with Luka Ploče d.d. as the primary concessionaire. Subcontractors that operate the liquid cargo terminal facilities are Naftni Terminali Federacije d.o.o. and Luka Ploče Trgovina d.o.o., while passenger and vehicle transit is handled by Jadrolinija. Jadrolinija ferries sail between Ploče and Trpanj on the Pelješac peninsula. In 2009, the ferry line carried annual average daily traffic of 143 vehiclesTrpanjPelješacannual average daily traffic
In 2009, after negotiations with the Port of Ploče Authority, Luka Ploče was granted a 32- year extension of its concession contract for the cargo handling operations of the port. The contract requires the port authority to improve port infrastructure and Luka Ploče to invest in new cargo handling equipment. Those investments were compensated by extension of the concession period for individual terminals to 45 years
The new bulk cargo terminal is planned to accommodate ships with a draught of up to 18.5 metres (61 feet), and 200,000 tonnes deadweight (DWT). It aims to attract large quantities of transport for the Birač Zvornik and Aluminij industrial plants in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which are the main users of the port. The ArcelorMittal plant in Zenica alone is expected to ship 1.5 million tonnes of ore and coal, as it would save US$15–20 million in shipping costs.deadweightZvornikAluminijZenica