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The Civil War and Reconstruction Grade 4 Social Studies Unit 8 Lesson 2 ©2012, TESCCC.

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Presentation on theme: "The Civil War and Reconstruction Grade 4 Social Studies Unit 8 Lesson 2 ©2012, TESCCC."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Civil War and Reconstruction Grade 4 Social Studies Unit 8 Lesson 2 ©2012, TESCCC

2 Civil War and Reconstruction BEAN BINGO Look over the key terms on your Bingo Card. When you see one of the key terms on the PowerPoint, place a BEAN in that square. Try to go for a BLACKOUT BINGO! The teacher will assign each person a partner for short Quiz-Quiz-Praise games throughout the presentation. ©2012, TESCCC

3 Civil War: ©2012, TESCCC

4 Civil War: The Civil War and Reconstruction had great impact on Texas: Political Economic Social ©2012, TESCCC

5 Civil War: Political Impact: having to do with the structures and affairs of government, politics and its institutions, or politicians ©2012, TESCCC

6 Civil War: Economic Impact having to do with the production, development, and management of material wealth of a country, household, or business enterprise ©2012, TESCCC

7 Civil War: Social Impact: having to do with the way people live together in communities ©2012, TESCCC

8 Civil War: What were the CAUSES for the Civil War? ©2012, TESCCC

9 Civil War: Causes STATES’ RIGHTS The 10 th Amendment to the United States Constitution states that all powers not given to the Congress by the Constitution (Art. I, Sec. 8) are reserved to the states, States' Rights. Because the power to decide issues regarding slavery is not given to the Congress in the Constitution, the southern states felt that is was within their power to determine the issue. ©2012, TESCCC

10 The Northern States agreed with the Federal Government and wanted to abolish slavery. Their economy was based on industry and did not rely on slavery. Very few families owned slaves. The Northern States formed the Union. Civil War: Causes Northern States The Union ©2012, TESCCC

11 The Southern States did not agree with the Federal Government. They believed in STATES’ RIGHTS (states having the power to govern themselves). Their economy was based on agriculture (farming and raising livestock) and relied heavily on slavery. Many plantation owners used slaves to work in their homes and fields. Civil War: Causes The Confederacy ©2012, TESCCC

12 Civil War: Causes Tariffs The South was producing cotton and selling it to the North as well as to England. Northern manufacturers were producing cloth they wanted to sell in the South. However they charged more than England did for those manufactured goods. The North wanted a protective tariff placed on imported goods thus raising England’s prices on goods. ©2012, TESCCC

13 Civil War: Causes Tariffs Southerners and Northerners both would have to pay more for manufactured goods imported from overseas, which would help sales of products made in the U.S. The South protested that the government did not have the right to do this. However, the Constitution gives the Congress the power to pass import taxes (export taxes are forbidden), so this was not really a states’ rights issue.) ©2012, TESCCC

14 Civil War: Impact on Texas Throughout the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln developed several plans to bring the nation back together and to give the enslaved African Americans their freedom. The Executive Order known as The Emancipation Proclamation, which freed slaves in the slave- holding Southern states, went into effect January 1, Image from: jumped_out_of.html ©2012, TESCCC

15 Quiz-Quiz-Praise Game Turn to your partner. Take turns quizzing each other over the following key terms. When you partner gets an answer correct, be sure to celebrate with a high five or a cheer! States’ Rights Abraham Lincoln Emancipation Proclamation Tariff Union Confederacy ©2012, TESCCC

16 Civil War: What impact did the Civil War have on Texas? ©2012, TESCCC

17 The Southern States, including Texas, SECEDED (pulled out of) the United States in The Southern states formed the CONFEDERACY (states have more power than the Federal Government) Civil War: Political Impact ©2012, TESCCC

18 Texas gave reasons for joining the Confederacy: SECTIONALISM - Texas supported its "sister slave-holding States.” Most Texans were originally from the South and had connections to friends and families there. These Texans believed in slavery although most did not own slaves. Economically, politically and socially Texans were connected to the South. Civil War: Political Impact

19 Texas gave reasons for joining the Confederacy: The Federal government had not been helping Texas prevent Indian attacks, slave-stealing raids, and other acts of banditry in Texas. Texas economy depended on slavery. Civil War: Political Impact ©2012, TESCCC

20 Texas Governor, Sam Houston, did not agree with secession from the union and resigned after Texans voted overwhelmingly to secede in February of Civil War: Political Impact Image from: houston ©2012, TESCCC

21 Significant Texans in the Civil War: Which person matches each description? 1.Leader of Confederate Hood’s Brigade; Fort Hood Texas named after him 2. Governor of Texas in 1861 after Sam Houston resigned 3. Commander of the Confederate forces in Texas 4. Led the gunboat battle where Texas took back control of Galveston; strapped cotton bales to the sides of steamboats to protect the riflemen John Bell HoodJohn Magruder Francis Lubbock 5. Confederate Army General, 19 th governor of Texas, one of the president of what is now known as A & M University Lawrence Sullivan “Sul” Ross Thomas Green ©2012, TESCCC

22 Civil War: Political Impact Texans fought in many battles in the Civil War on the Confederate and Union side Conscription Act (had to join the army) - Over 60,000, Texans joined the Confederacy On the Union side, former slaves and many Texas immigrants fought

23 Significant Texas Battles in the Civil War: Which description matches which battle? 1.July 1861 – The Union Navy began to block Texas ports; 1863, Confederate troops convert steamboats to gunships and take back the port 2. September Union plans to invade Texas with 5000 troops and attack Houston; Lieutenant Richard Dowling and his men defended Ft. Griffin for a complete victory 3. May 1865 – Union army moved to capture Brownsville; collided with Confederate troops led by John S. Fort; Confederate troops captured 100 union soldiers who told them the war was over in April Battle of GalvestonBattle of Sabine Pass Batle of Palmito Ranch

24 Civil War: Economic Impact Northern blockades cut off food, supplies, war material to the south created shortages of… Coffee Medicine Clothing Salt Paper Trade along the Mexican border continued Demand for cotton was down because of the war, but demand for corn and wheat up due to food shortages ©2012, TESCCC

25 Civil War: Economic Impact Freed slaves leave few left on the farms Lower production of agriculture and business due to men being at war ©2012, TESCCC

26 Civil War: Social Impact With so many Texans fighting in the war, women and children had to be responsible for the businesses, farms, and homes. Many suffered the loss of family members. Union supporters were treated with hostility. Life was hard in Texas. Image found at: just-see-this-now.html ©2012, TESCCC

27 Civil War: Civil War Ends The war ended in April 1865, but because of Texas’s location, the news of the war ending did not reach Texas until June 19, Why did it take so long for Texans to hear this news? The last Civil War battle was in Brownsville, Texas May The North, or Union forces, had already won the war. Confederate General Robert E. Lee had signed the surrender agreement one month before. ©2012, TESCCC

28 Secede Confederacy Sectionalism Conscription Act Quiz-Quiz-Praise Game Turn to your partner. Take turns quizzing each other over the following key terms. When you partner gets an answer correct, be sure to celebrate with a high five or a cheer! ©2012, TESCCC

29 Reconstruction: Image from: ©2012, TESCCC

30 A week after the end of the Civil War, President Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth. His successor, President Johnson continued on with the process of Reconstruction, or rebuilding the country. Image found at: =14&CRLI=91 Reconstruction: Impact ©2012, TESCCC

31 Many Texans were not happy about losing the war because their life had changed drastically There was a shortage of free labor to farm their fields. There was inadequate production in agriculture and business. Transportation was disrupted. Reconstruction: Impact ©2012, TESCCC

32 Martial Law – The U.S. military police must come to Texas to help keep peace Government removes Native Americans from frontier Reconstruction: Political Impact ©2012, TESCCC

33 Texas adopted the Constitution of 1876 Reconstruction Amendments Texas had to adopt in order to be accepted back into the U.S. 13 th Amendment - forbids slavery 14 th Amendment – equal rights, regardless of race 15 th Amendment – gave black men right to vote Reconstruction: Political Impact ©2012, TESCCC

34 There was a great increase in… Tenant farming – people reside on and farm land owned by a landlord Sharecropping – people farming another man’s land for a share of the profit Reconstruction: Economic Impact Image from: ©2012, TESCCC

35 Reconstruction: Economic Impact Expansion of the railroad Cattle industry booms This led to an increase in people moving to Texas ©2012, TESCCC

36 Reconstruction: Social Impact Freedmen’s Bureau was established in 1865 by the Federal Government to provide the following for freed slaves: Food Shelter Medicine Opened the first schools for African Americans in Texas, which were in operation for over 100 years ©2012, TESCCC

37 Reconstruction: Social Impact On June 19, 1865, General Gordon Granger arrived in Texas in Galveston Bay with 2,000 federal troops announcing and enforcing the Emancipation Proclamation. Juneteenth celebration Austin, Texas 1900 Image taken from: June 19 th became known as Juneteenth, which became a celebration of slaves being set free. ©2012, TESCCC

38 Because some did not agree with the new laws of the U.S., some states passed Jim Crow laws to enforce segregation (separating races). It became illegal for Black Texans and sometimes Hispanic Texans to … eat in the same restaurants stay in the same hotel attend the same schools be treated in the same hospital as the Anglo Texans Reconstruction: Social Impact ©2012, TESCCC

39 The Ku Klux Klan was a group that was formed to force segregation and to keep African Americans from taking part in politics. This was a time of great conflict, as Texans made their way through a new era. Reconstruction: Social Impact ©2012, TESCCC

40 Reconstruction Tenant Farming Constitution of 1876 Sharecropping JuneteenthJim Crow Laws Freeman’s Bureau 13 th, 14 th, 15 th Amendment KKK Quiz-Quiz-Praise Game Turn to your partner. Take turns quizzing each other over the following key terms. When you partner gets an answer correct, be sure to celebrate with a high five or a cheer! ©2012, TESCCC

41 Civil War and Reconstruction Did you get a BEAN BINGO BLACKOUT? ©2012, TESCCC

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