Presentation on theme: "Www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Debunking the Myths: Public Accessibility of Juvenile Delinquency Records Monday, March 17th, 2014 | 1:00 PM Eastern."— Presentation transcript:
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Debunking the Myths: Public Accessibility of Juvenile Delinquency Records Monday, March 17th, 2014 | 1:00 PM Eastern Sponsored by the ABA Section of Litigation & Center for Professional Development
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Speakers Brent Pattison, Assistant Clinical Professor of Law and Director of the Middleton Children’s Rights Center at Drake University Law School, Moderator firstname.lastname@example.org@drake.edu Riya Shah, Staff Attorney, Juvenile Law Center email@example.com@jlc.org Kim Ambrose, Senior Lecturer and Director, Race and Justice Clinic, University of Washington School of Law firstname.lastname@example.org@uw.edu Sharlyn Grace, VISTA Attorney, Children and Families Practice Group, LAF, Chicago email@example.com@lafchicago.org
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Juvenile Records – A Historical Perspective 1899 – First Juvenile Court To spare juveniles from harsh proceedings of adult court, punitive and unseemly conditions of adult jails and penitentiaries, and the stigma of being branded “criminal”
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Juvenile Records – A Historical Perspective 1980s-90s - Criminalization
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Common Vocabulary Limited Accessibility Sealing Setting aside No Accessibility Expungement Destruction
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Why Records Exist Community protection Track criminal behavior patterns Provide for appropriate levels of supervision
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Why Expunge Records? Utility diminishes over time Incorrect information in records Fails to appreciate adolescence is transient Collateral Consequences
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org How do juvenile records affect people?* May be asked to disclose a juvenile record for: College applications Job applications May show up on background checks for: Jobs and professional licenses (teaching, nursing, banking, private security, other jobs [unlawfully]) Access to Public/Subsidized Housing TANF benefits Immigration/citizenship applications – discretionary factors Police Harassment *Impact varies by state law and status of record (sealed, expunged, etc.).
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Racial Disproportionality Consideration – Insufficient efforts to identify and develop permanency resources for youth Strategy: Request specificity on record and in court order of agency’s Reasonable Efforts. Seek “No Reasonable Efforts” finding requiring the agency to continue to seek a more appropriate permanency plan Consideration – Youth may wish to remain in foster care Strategy: Work with youth to develop permanent connections. Engage “permanent connection” in youth’s transition process and foster care case.
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Where do Records Live? AdjudicationCourthouse Private companies State and Local Law Enforcement FBIInternet Juvenile Prison System
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org 50 Different Systems Are juvenile court records stored in a different database from adult records? Are arrest records linked to juvenile court records? Are other agencies storing and/or releasing juvenile records? Are juvenile court records released to commercial data aggregators?
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Accessing Records
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Who Sees a Juvenile Record? Law Enforcement Courts (if court record) Federal Government –Military –Immigration officials Potential Employers –Legally –Illegally
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Advocates for Public Juvenile Records Open Government Advocates: open courts=open records=accountability Newspapers/Media: want quick and inexpensive access to information Landlord Associations: want efficient filtering mechanism for tenants Prosecutors: Some prosecutors believe it is a deterrent, want to use it for future decision- making, believe public has a “right to know.”
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Sealing and Expungement Policies and Programs
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org AK: upon discharge from court supervision, all records of delinquency are sealed DE: access to sealed records limited to law enforcement for purposes of identifying whether individual is eligible for “first-time offender” program Automatic Sealing CA: after 5 years, court automatically orders expungement if no subsequent court involvement MS: court expunges records of diverted cases at discharge Automatic expungement PA: Petition at any time after case discharged IN: Both sides present evidence and court determines after a hearing Expungement by application
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Who Sees Records After Expungement?* Court Officers (only if charged again) Law enforcement (only if applying as employee) Federal Government –Military –Immigration officials No Other Employers *Based on the Illinois juvenile expungement process.
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Reducing Barriers In Washington, 10 years of slow progress in the legislature. This year: HB 1651. Legislation vs. Court Rules vs. administrative policy. –Advocating for friendlier court rules –Advocating within the administrative office of the courts on their policies regarding electronic distribution of juvenile records. –Advocating for resources to public defenders for sealing records.
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org JUDICIAL INFORMATION SYSTEM DATA DISSEMINATION POLICY (New) VI. LIMITATION ON DISSEMINATION OF JUVENILE OFFENDER COURT RECORDS The dissemination of juvenile offender court records maintained in the Judicial Information System shall be limited as follows: –1. The Administrative Office of the Courts shall not electronically transfer to a licensee by means of file transfer protocol any information from the official juvenile offender court file that is in a single data file that contains information from more than one file or more than one court except for research purposes as permitted by statute or court rule. –2. The Administrative Office of the Courts shall not display any information from an official juvenile offender court file on a publicly- accessible website that is a statewide index of court cases unless the entire official juvenile offender court file maintained in the judicial information is available on the website.
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org 3 misdemeanors instead of 1 expunged per year Eligibility when case closed 1 year instead of 5 years 1 felony expunged per year Michigan Summary offenses expunged after 6 months rather than 5 years Petition at any age with DA consent Pennsylvania
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Positive Efforts Illinois Efforts to Increase Juvenile Expungement Petitions: 1.Court-based Help Desk 2.Outreach and Education 3.Pro Bono Involvement a.Expungement Clinics at Alternative High Schools: Bring the lawyers to the school! b.Clerk’s summits 4.Collaboration
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Common Misperceptions Young people I talk to often think: –No “record” for mere arrests; –No “record” if not found guilty; –Juvenile records automatically disappear at age 18; –No one can see juvenile records; –Serious offenses can’t be expunged; and –The expungement process is expensive.
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Collaboration and Peer Education: Expunge.io
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Collaboration and Peer Education: Expunge.io
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Pro Bono Projects The Need: In 2012, over 14,000 juvenile cases were filed in Washington State, each creating a court record. Building awareness: Thousands of individuals do not know that their juvenile criminal history will affect them until it is too late. Self-help and Clinics: TeamChild Juvenile Records Sealing Clinic and Resources
www.americanbar.org | www.abacle.org Questions? Brent Pattison, Assistant Clinical Professor of Law and Director of the Middleton Children’s Rights Center at Drake University Law School, Moderator firstname.lastname@example.org@drake.edu Riya Shah, Staff Attorney, Juvenile Law Center email@example.com@jlc.org Kim Ambrose, Senior Lecturer and Director, Race and Justice Clinic, University of Washington School of Law firstname.lastname@example.org@uw.edu Sharlyn Grace, VISTA Attorney, Children and Families Practice Group, LAF, Chicago email@example.com@lafchicago.org