Presentation on theme: "Financial Literacy Skills Unit 5: Understanding Investing and Home Ownership."— Presentation transcript:
Financial Literacy Skills Unit 5: Understanding Investing and Home Ownership
Objective 1: Define terms related to investing. asset bond compound interest diversify dividend inflation Interest liquid mutual fund opportunity cost return risk principal stock tax rate
Objective 2: Discuss the risks and benefits of various investment options. Every type of investment carries some risk. In general, the higher the risk, the higher the potential rate of return. The lower the risk, the lower the potential rate of return. The asset class with the least risk is cash equivalents. Bonds are riskier than cash equivalents, and have a higher potential rate of return. Stocks are the riskiest asset class and have the highest potential rate of return.
Objective 2: Discuss the risks and benefits of various investment options. Another way to invest is to buy assets such as real estate, gold, art, or other items that are expected to increase in value. With any type of investment, but especially with lower-risk investments, you have a risk of your investment earning less than the inflation rate, which means your money is worth less than it was when you put it into the investment.
Objective 2: Discuss the risks and benefits of various investment options. Experts recommend that you diversify your investments by investing in several different areas. Some investments are tax-deferred.
Objective 3: Discuss sources of retirement income. Social Security Employer pension Employer-sponsored retirement plan Personal investments
Objective 4: Compare the advantages and disadvantages of renting and owning a home. Home repairs and maintenance Taxes Start-up costs Insurance Investment value Risk Restrictions Cost stability
Objective 5: List common responsibilities of a renter and homeowner. Renter: Monthly rent payment Utility installation fees, deposits, and monthly bills (telephone, cable, electricity, etc.) Renter’s insurance Security deposit Upkeep of the interior of the apartment or house Repairs beyond normal “wear and tear”
Objective 5: List common responsibilities of a renter and homeowner. Homeowner: Homeowner's insurance Maintenance and upkeep of interior and exterior Mortgage payment Property taxes Repairs Utility installation fees, deposits, and monthly bills Homeowner’s association fees, if any
Objective 6: Discuss tenant’s rights. Security deposits must be returned with 30 days after the landlord receives a written request. All electrical, plumbing, heating, air conditioning, and other facilities and appliances must be kept in good working order unless you agree otherwise in writing.
Objective 6: Discuss tenant’s rights. If your landlord does not make needed repairs, you can provide written notice that you will do one of the following if the repair is not made within 14 days: – Move out 30 days after the date of your written notice, ending your lease. – Make the repair yourself, if it costs less than $100, and subtract it from your next rent payment.
Objective 6: Discuss tenant’s rights. If an essential service fails due to something the landlord did, renters have the following options: – End your lease and move immediately. – Temporarily suspend your lease and move out (paying no rent) until the matter is taken care of. – Sue the landlord for the difference between the value of the home with the service and the value of the home without the service. – Make your own arrangements for the service and deduct the cost from your rent.
Objective 6: Discuss tenant’s rights. Landlords must keep common areas (such as the lobby of an apartment building) safe and clean. Tenants can recover actual damages when a landlord fails to honor an agreement. A landlord cannot raise the rent, decrease services, or evict a tenant for filing a lawsuit or grievance with a government agency or for participating in a tenant's group.
Objective 6: Discuss tenant’s rights. A landlord cannot enter the home without notice unless there is an emergency. Tenants have a basic right to be free of discriminatory acts based on race, religion, age, gender, etc.
Objective 7: List tenants’ responsibilities. Pay the rent on time. Stick to the lease agreement. Report problems. Take care of the property. Accept responsibility for the entre lease.
Objective 8: State the information frequently included in a lease. Address Amount of security deposit required, the conditions which must be met before the deposit is returned, and when it will be returned Amount of rent to be paid; where and when it should be paid, and applicable grace period and late fees Clause stating that final inspection of the premises will be made in the tenant's presence Date of occupation and period of time for which lease is effective
Objective 8: State the information frequently included in a lease. Description of premises Details concerning subletting House rules for tenants Provision for changing the lease Responsibility for utility costs Responsibility for maintenance and decorating Right of the landlord to inspect premises Rules for keeping pets Signatures of tenant and landlord
Objective 9: Arrange in order the steps in leasing a house or apartment. Determine where you want to live, what type of dwelling you want, and how much you can afford to pay. Check various sources to determine what is available. Inspect the house or apartment you are considering. Check available services and facilities. Read the lease or written agreement carefully. Find out which bills are paid with the rent and which bills are the tenant’s responsibilities. Sign the lease. Keep a copy of the lease for your personal records.
Objective 10: Investigate utility fees and deposits.
Objective 12: Define terms related to mortgages. amortize down payment equity principal private mortgage insurance (PMI) term
Objective 13: Distinguish among types of mortgages. “80/20” mortgage Adjustable rate mortgage (ARM) Conventional Interest-only Rural Housing Service Federal Housing Administration (FHA) insured Graduated payment Veterans Administration (VA) guaranteed
Objective 14: Arrange in order the steps in buying a home. Determine your budget and begin to arrange for financing. Contact a trusted real estate agent and begin looking at potential houses in your price range. Inspect potential houses for defects, neighborhood issues, etc. Have the house inspected by a professional home inspector. Make an offer on the house and enter into a sales agreement with the seller. Close the purchase.
Objective 15: State guidelines for estimating a budget for housing. For most people, your total housing expense (including mortgage and/or rent, taxes, insurance, and utilities) should be no more than one third of your take-home income Another guideline is that your total monthly payments for debt should be no more than 36% of your pre-tax income. One more guideline is that your mortgage should be no more than 2.5 times your annual pre-tax income.
Objective 16: Calculate monthly and yearly mortgage budgets according to housing budget guidelines.