Presentation on theme: "On Your Own Applied Business Practices. Warm-Up When do you expect to move to home of your own? Why do you want to live independently? What costs do you."— Presentation transcript:
Warm-Up When do you expect to move to home of your own? Why do you want to live independently? What costs do you expect to pay?
Types of Housing Four housing options after high school –Live with parents –Live in a dorm –Rent an apartment –Buy a mobile home, condominium, or single family home
Roommates What should you discuss before you share an apartment or dorm? –Responsibilities and living habits Who cleans what, groceries, expenses Neatness, house guests, entertainment rules –Make agreements in writing –Look for the apartment together No one to blame for poor choice
First Month’s Budget First and last month’s rent Security deposit –Amount the landlord holds to cover damages to the rental property Utility service (deposit) Phone service (maybe) Water/garbage
Sources for Apartments Family and friends Classified section of the newspaper Real estate agencies Internet
Warm-Up What types of information do you think are in a lease agreement? Tell of at least four things you think are in a lease. Please use complete sentences.
Types of Housing Lease –Legal contract you sign that gives you the right to live in the apartment for a specified period of time Tenant –Person renting the apartment Landlord –Owner of the rented property
Good-Tenant Criteria? Landlord will be screening: –Credit check & bankruptcies –Employment & Income –Rental history & evictions –References Must put in Application fee to pay for screening Applies to each tenant Non-refundable
Legal & Illegal Discrimination Legal –Poor credit history –Insufficient income –Bad references –Past behavior i.e. destruction of property –Tenants would exceed valid occupancy policy Illegal –Race –Religion –Ethnic background or national origin –Sex –Age –Tenant has children (except in senior housing) –Mental or physical disability.
Apartments Tips to Renting –Rent should be no more than 1/3 of monthly take home pay –Make a checklist to evaluate the apartments Ensures you inspect the most important features of each apartment Purpose of a Lease –Protect the landlord and the tenant Be sure you can live by the conditions of the lease
What to Expect in Agreements The length of the tenancy The amount of rent and deposits the tenant must pay The number of people who can live on the rental property Who pays for utilities Whether the tenant may have pets Whether the tenant may sublet the property The landlord's access to the rental property, and Who pays attorney fees if there is a lawsuit.
Illegal Contract Provisions –Giving up your right to defend yourself in court –Limiting the landlord’s liability for things they’re normally responsible for
Warm-Up What do you think are some of the responsibilities of a landlord? What do you think are some of the responsibilities of a tenant?
Landlord’s Responsibilities Making repairs in a reasonable amount of time Keeping premises safe and clean Entering premises only at agreed- upon time unless there is an emergency Paying interest on deposit money Collecting rent Maintaining exterior grounds of building
Tenant’s Responsibilities Pay rent and utilities on time Using the rental for the purpose stated in lease Taking reasonable care of premises Notify landlord of major repairs needed Giving notice if leaving at end of lease Giving notice if leaving before lease is up AND paying rent for balance of lease unless a new tenant is found Paying for any damage to walls, floors, and furniture No alterations to property the landlord must fix later Giving landlord new set of keys if locks are changed Paying all rent if roommates move out and you stay
Renter’s Insurance Insurance covers loss to belongings: –From fire & theft –Depends on value of policy: $25K – 50K –Deductibles start at $250
Landlord’s Legal Right to Enter May need to: –Make repairs –Show property Must give notice –Varies by state from 24 hours to “reasonable notice No notice needed: –Emergency Fire Serious water leak –Abandonment You can’t refuse access
Repairs Put your request in writing Give landlord time to respond. Required response time varies by state but generally: –24 hours for no hot or cold water, heat, electricity or for other hazardous or life-threatening conditions –72 hours for refrigerator, range, oven, or major plumbing problems –10 days for all other repairs
Tenant’s Rights for Repairs Options when landlord won’t repair: –Pay less rent –Withhold rent –Make repairs –Hire professional & deduct cost from rent –Call building inspector –Mediate or go to court –Move out (give notice) Varies by state
When You Can Be Evicted Not paying rent –Even if one day late with rent –Three-day notice to pay or move out required Not complying with terms of rental agreement –Ten-day notice to comply or move out required For creating a waste or nuisance –Three-day notice to move out required –No option to stay to correct problem
Illegal Landlord Actions Even if you’re behind in rent –Lockouts –Utility shutoffs –Taking your property (unless you abandon it) –Retaliatory actions
When the Tenant Breaks the Lease Tenant can legally break the lease if: –Landlord fails to make repairs –Fails to comply with health & safety Tenant responsible for remainder of rent under lease term –Landlord has duty to find a new tenant
Warm-Up Besides rent and security deposits, what are some other costs you should be prepared for when moving out on your own?
Warm-Up Why is it important to create a budget before you move out on your own?
When You Move Out Provide written notice according to your rental or lease agreement. –Rental: Usually 30-day notice –Lease: You’re responsible for rent for remaining leasing term unless landlord can rent unit
More When You Move Out Clean apartment and leave in same condition as when you moved in (except normal wear and tear) Leave forwarding address for deposit return
How to Protect Yourself Ask parents to walk through rental with you Take pictures of everything (include date on photo) Go through rental check list
Warm-Up Read Article “”Roommate: How to Get Along with Them” Write a two paragraph summary
Budgeting for the Move When preparing for the move keep in mind –Your personal and financial goals –Your income –Your lifestyle –Your fixed expenses –Your flexible expenses –Moving costs –Moving-in costs –The cost of setting up house
Budgeting Fixed Expense –Items you have committed to spend Example: utilities, rent Variable/Flexible Expense –Items you can choose to spend or not Going to movies or eating out
Furnishing Your Home Used Furniture –Thrift Stores –Salvation Army –Good Will –Garage Sales
Furnishing Your Home Consumer Reports –#1 magazine that reports the strengths and weaknesses of many different brands of products
Furnishing Your Home Energy Labels –Predict the cost of running the appliance Floor Models –New items reduced in price because they have been on display in the store
Buy or Rent Advantages of Renting –Lower cost –Less responsibility –Mobility Advantages of Buying –Ownership –Value –Your own space –Fewer Restrictions –Tax deductible –http://www.jumpstart.org/madmoney/asproot/pgv_money_reality. cfm
Buying a Home Down Payment –Specific % of purchase price you pay up front Mortgage –A loan to buy real estate –Property serves as collateral for the loan Principal –Amount you borrow
Buying a Home Mortgage Redemption Insurance –A form of life insurance where the balance is paid if borrower dies before loan is repaid
Housing Expenses Things to consider that might be “unexpected” –Repair and upkeep –Initial utility costs such as installations –appliances
Buying a Home Closing Costs –Fees you must pay after you buy a house Includes –Property taxes (taxes on real estate that might need refunded to seller for a portion of the year) –Attorney’s fees (preparing and checking legal documents) –Loan origination fee or points (commission for granting the loan) –Title Search (legal right to own a property) –Recording fee (written evidence conveying title from one person to another) –Appraisal fee – charge for examining and determining the value of the property) –Liens (claims against the property by others)
Buying a Home How much can you afford? –The rule of thumb is that you can generally afford a house 2.5 times your gross annual income. Example –Gross annual income = $50,000 –$50,000 X 2.5 = $125,000
Warm-Up Calculate the down payment and amount left for the loan for the following: 10% down payment on a house $125,000 20% down payment on a house $88,900 25% down payment on a house $115,500