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/ 171 Saudi Diploma in Family Medicine Center of Post Graduate Studies in Family Medicine Principles of Family Medicine The Patient Centered Clinical Method.

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Presentation on theme: "/ 171 Saudi Diploma in Family Medicine Center of Post Graduate Studies in Family Medicine Principles of Family Medicine The Patient Centered Clinical Method."— Presentation transcript:

1 / 171 Saudi Diploma in Family Medicine Center of Post Graduate Studies in Family Medicine Principles of Family Medicine The Patient Centered Clinical Method Presented by: Dr. Zekeriya Aktürk

2 / 172 Scenario An old lady comes early in the morning complaining of dyspnea. She feels better after opening the window and sitting in front. You have a busy day and she is without appointment. What is the first diagnosis you would think of? Physical exam: normal. What do you think now? PA chest X-ray: normal Did you change the order of your differential diagnoses? McWhinney, 1997

3 / 173 Nex day: you invite the patient with appointment Detailled history –Main complaint: increased bowel movements –Awaking at night and feeling suffocating –Relieves in front of the window –Intestinal symptoms present since 20 years –Insomnia recently starded –Underwent cholecystectomy years ago: symptoms remained –Mastectomy due to breast CA What is your first differential diagnosis ?

4 / 174 More detailed history: –Fear of CA. –Widowed since severeal years; living alone –Landlord increased the rent without notice –Feels anger with the landlord –Two children married, living away What will be your clinical approach?

5 / 175 Objectives At the end of this session, the participants will have knowledge on the patient centered clinical method –Defend the importance of patient centered clinical metnod in family practice –Express Levenstein’s patient centered clinical method principles –Discuss the diagnostic process Method: interactice presentation, 15 minutes

6 / 176 Levenstein’s model (1984) 1.Evaluating both the disease and the illness experience –Differential diagnosis –Extent of disease (effect on the feelings, expectations, ideas and functions of the patient)

7 / 177 DiseaseIllness “Differentiated” Signs and symptoms Abnormal tests A “classification” “Unique personal experience” Feelings Expectations Fuctions… Illness is a personal perception Doctor waves back and forth

8 / 178 Example: increased cholesterol Disease –CAD, past MI –Obesity –Hypercholesterolemia –Rule out depresssion Illness –Ideas: no longer a healthy man –Feelings: fear of inability to participate family activities or even a second MI –Expectations: co-operation with doctor regarding diet –Functions: walks 6 km per day. Returned to work. Sexual activity needs to be explored

9 / Understanding the whole person –“as a person” (life story, personal and developmental conditions) –Context (anybody being effected from the patients condition, physical environment)

10 / 1710 Disease Illness Person Environment

11 / Finding common ground with the patient about the problem and its management –Problems and priorities –Treatment goals –Roles of doctor and patient in the treatment

12 / Incorporating prevention and health promotion –Health promotion –Risk reduction –Early diagnosis –Decreasing complications

13 / Enhancing the doctor-patient relationship –Features of the therapeutic relationship –Sharing of power –Care and cure –Self awareness –Transference and countertransference

14 / Being realistic –Time –Resources –Team

15 / 1715

16 / 1716 The diagnostic process Clues Hypothesis Investigation Finding commmon ground Management decision Follow up Unexpected clues Review

17 / 1717 Clue: nocturnal dyspneaHypothesis: cardiac asthmaNo Clue : abdominal discomfort, sleep disorder Hypothesis : organic disease leading to sleep disorder No Hypothesis : functional abdominal symptoms. Disease triggered by personal factors. Clue : recent sleep problem Hypothesis : insomnia decreased the tolerance for abdominal symptoms. Insomnia is related with personal problems Clue : children living away Hypothesis : personal problems with children No Clue : landlord increased the rent Hypothesis : main problem increase of the rent Yes Clue : cancer history Hypothesis : cancer and op. anxiety Yes


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