Presentation on theme: "Geography of Western Europe. Terms and Places Population density describes how crowded an area is. High population density Low population density Tributaries."— Presentation transcript:
Geography of Western Europe
Terms and Places Population density describes how crowded an area is. High population density Low population density Tributaries are rivers that flow into other rivers. A waterway that is navigable can be traveled by ships. Hydroelectric power is electricity made from in dams. The Gulf Stream brings warm water from the south to northern Europe.
Objectives Identify two landforms that give Western Europe a lot of shoreline. Explain how lots of shoreline affected Western Europe’s history and culture. Name the four regions of Western Europe. Explain how both climate and terrain affects population in each of the four regions of Western Europe. Explain why the plains of Western Europe are warmer than the plains of Eastern Europe, even though they are at the same latitude.
Physical Geography of Europe Part 1: Location and Borders
Where is Europe? The Atlantic Ocean The Mediterranean Sea The Arctic Ocean The Caspian Sea The Black Sea The Ural Mountains Europe Africa Asia Where are Europe’s borders? Africa Asia Caucasus Mts.
Part 2: Natural Features
Europe has many peninsulas. Scandinavian Peninsula Iberian Peninsula Italian Peninsula Jutland Cornwall Normandy Brittany Crimean Peninsula What are Europe’s Outstanding Features?
The Balkan Peninsula
Europe has many Islands Iceland Great Britain Ireland Madeira Corsica Sardinia Sicily Crete The Greek Islands Faroe Hebrides Shetlands
Many islands and many peninsulas mean lots of coastline. This affects the people in many ways. Economy Diet Military History
Part 3: The Four Regions and Their Climates
The Far North Alpine Mediterranean Northern Plains
The Far North Region It has the least population. It is very cold up here. The land is rugged. The population is low.
cropland pasture cropland pasture forest tundra pasture tundra forest cropland pasture tundra cropland Unlike the rest of Europe, the Far North is mostly forest.
These provide recreation such as skiing and hiking, but fewer people live here. High mountains cut across Europe. This is called the Alpine region.
sirocco South of the mountains is warm, because warm, dry air comes from Africa. This is called the Mediterranean region.
cold Instead, the northerners get cool moist wind from the arctic! This makes their winters cold. cold However, the mountains stop the warm air from reaching northern Europe.
The western parts of northern Europe get warmth from the Gulf Stream waters. The eastern part isn’t warmed by the Gulf Stream.
Note that the northern plains also have more rivers.
Plains What do the colors and patterns on this map mean? Highlands Mountains Which region has the most land for producing food? So even though the south is warmer, more people live in the north. If much of the south looks rocky to you – you’re right!
Review Alpine Mediterranean What is the name of the mountainous region that separates the north and south of mainland Europe? What is the name of the warm region south of the Alps? What is the name of the most fertile and populated region on the other side of the Alps? Northern Plains
Alpine Mediterranean Northern Plains The Far North Region Which European region is able to grow the most food? Alpine Far North Northern European Plain The Mediterranean Which European region has the fewest people? Alpine Far North Northern European Plain The Mediterranean Which European region is the warmest? Alpine Far North Northern European Plain The Mediterranean
What landforms make Western Europe different from other areas? Vast deserts make travel through Europe difficult. Many islands and peninsulas increase the amount of Europe’s shoreline. Europe has few rivers to transport goods and water crops What does it mean that Europe’s rivers are navigable? Boats can move up and down on them. What are some reasons a river might not be navigable? Shallowness, ice, sand bars, bridges. Why is Western Europe warmer in the north than Eastern Europe is? Western Europe is further south than Eastern Europe is. Desert winds travel from Africa to Western Europe, but not Eastern. The Gulf stream brings warmth from the south.
In recent years, many European countries are giving up the currency they have used for centuries and are now using the Euro. European believe that if they all use the same currency [type of money], then their economies will do better.
Please read “The European Union”. World Studies: Europe and Russia. Pearson-Prentice-Hall, pgs About 3½-4 pages.
Please read "Land and Water." pgs & "Major Rivers" pg. 15. and "Climate and Vegetation." pgs and "Resources of Western Europe." pgs World Studies: Europe and Russia. Pearson- Prentice-Hall, 2005.
and “Cultures of Western Europe.” World Studies: Europe and Russia. Pearson-Prentice-Hall, pg About 6 pages
Terms and Places The European Union is a Single market is A foreign minister is Urbanization is An immigrant is The Euro is the money used by most of Western Europe.
Objectives Describe the main goals of the European Union. What is a Euro?
On this map, the darker an area is, the more people live there. This is a population map.