Presentation on theme: "Ancient Egypt Khafre's PyramidKhafre's Pyramid and the Great Sphinx of Giza, built about 2550 BC during the Fourth Dynasty of the Old KingdomGreat Sphinx."— Presentation transcript:
Ancient Egypt Khafre's PyramidKhafre's Pyramid and the Great Sphinx of Giza, built about 2550 BC during the Fourth Dynasty of the Old KingdomGreat Sphinx of GizaFourth DynastyOld Kingdom
LOCATED: LOCATED: Along the middle to lower reaches of the Nile River PERIOD: PERIOD: It began with the first pharaoh, Menes or Min, around 3150 BC and ended in 31 BC with the Roman Empire. The Egyptian ancient civilization developed over more than three and a half millennia.
POLITICAL ORGANIZATION Head of the legal system: The pharaoh (Egyptian Monarchy) Men, women and people from all social classes: equal under the law. Men and women had the right to own and sell, get married and divorced and make contracts
ECONOMY AND WRITING SYSTEM Economy based on agriculture They cultivated wheat, emmer and barley to make: bread and beer. Flax to make clothing and papyrus to make paper. The Egyptian writing was based on two main systems: Hieratic and Hieroglyphic
RELIGION Ancient Egyptian religion was Polytheistic and Zoomorphic They used to have goddess and gods who sometimes played different and conflicting roles. Famous goddess: Anuket, Bast and Isis Famous gods: Amonet, Anubis, Sobek, Imhotep,etc.
CULTURAL AREAS ARCHITECTURE Includes some of the most famous structures in the world, such as The Great Pyramids of Giza, Abu Simel and the temples at Thebes * Most buildings were built from mod bricks and wood. * Temples and tombs were constructed of stone to last forever.
Sculpture and Painting Sculpture: to represent their gods and pharaohs, called divine kings and queens. Males were darker than females Paintings: to make afterlife a pleasant place. Were found in tombs and survived due to climate
LITERATURE AND MUSIC LITERATURE: Include hymns to the gods, mythological, magical and mortuary texts, biographical and historical texts, etc. MUSIC: They used to play flutes and a type of harp called the sistrum (a sacred instrument)
Achievements in Science Developed a number system and could calculate volume and area. Principles of geometry Developed a 365 day calendar. Medical expertise when treating fractures and diseases.