Monday, December 15, 2008 Record homework. Unpack. Get response pad. Permission slips on the stool. Agenda Agenda:  Quiz on 16.3 & 16.4  Completion of.

Presentation on theme: "Monday, December 15, 2008 Record homework. Unpack. Get response pad. Permission slips on the stool. Agenda Agenda:  Quiz on 16.3 & 16.4  Completion of."— Presentation transcript:

Monday, December 15, 2008 Record homework. Unpack. Get response pad. Permission slips on the stool. Agenda Agenda:  Quiz on 16.3 & 16.4  Completion of electromagnetic spectrum notes LOTS  Light notes – LOTS of them!

Visible Light The portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that our eyes can detect is called visible light. We’ve developed tools and techniques to study visible light and to manipulate visible light to use for our benefit. Let’s begin our visible journey….

Objects Interact with Light I.When light strikes an object it can be: opaque A. Absorbed – opaque objects absorb light opaque B. Reflected – opaque objects reflect light C. Transmitted by: 1. Transparent objects- all or most light passes right through allowing you to see what is on the other side 2. Translucent objects - some light passes through; cannot clearly see the objects Light Interacts

Classify these 13 objects as either opaque, translucent, or transparent. Title three columns and write the name of each image in the correct column.

OpaqueTranslucenttransparent No light (or nearly zero) passes through. It is all reflected or absorbed. Some light passes through the object. Nearly all to all light passes through the object. “See through”

Review I. When light passes through one type of matter (a _____________) to another, such as from gas through to liquid or a solid, it changes speed, which causes bending or a change in direction; this is called __________________.

II. Prism – ______________________ white light; each wavelength bends by a different amount so the seven named __________ become visible. These are (list in order from longest wavelength to the shortest):

III. Rainbows – raindrops are tiny prisms; white light is bent, refracted, by each tiny prism and a rainbow appears

IV.Lenses: _____________ glass A. Concave lens – curves _______; rays spread out and away from each other; causes a virtual, or right-side up, image

IV.Lenses: transparent glass (cont.) B. Convex lens – curves _____, but the light is manipulated inward; it brings the rays of light together. Depending on the position you are in relation to the focal point, the image formed may be virtual (right-side up) or real (upside-down) images.

V. Primary and Secondary ‘colors’ of LIGHT RED, BLUE, GREEN are the primary colors of light. If you mix any TWO of these colors, a secondary color will be produced. For example, red and green LIGHT will produce YELLOW light. These are called secondary colors. Mixing LIGHT makes it lighter, or closer to WHITE.

Primary and Secondary Colors of PIGMENT pigmentsreflect Paints, markers, and inks are created out of different pigments that are designed to reflect certain colors of light. The primary colors of PIGMENTS are CYAN, MAGENTA, and YELLOW. When they mix, you get secondary colors that get DARKER.

Color Review I.You see an object as the color of light it reflects. All the colors of light you don’t “see” are absorbed by the object. II.Combining color a.White light’s primary colors are: Red Green Blue b.Pigments are opaque substances that reflect particular colors. There are three primary pigment colors: Cyan Yellow magenta

Cornea: Clear surface of eye Protects the interior eye curved so light bends Eyelids wash it clean

Iris: Ring of muscle Changes size of pupil Is the ‘colored’ part of the eye

Pupil: A hole in the iris Changes size when iris contracts/expands The wider it opens, the more light can enter the eye

Lens: transparent so image can pass through Changes shape as the ciliary muscles expand or contract to focus an image

Ciliary Muscles: Pull on the lens to change its shape

Retina: Layer of cells lining the inside of the eyeball Image is formed upside-down on the retina The cells on the retina are light- sensitive; cells generate nerve signals when hit by light rods: black, white, shades of gray (see in dim light, allow night vision) cones: detect red, green, and blue light (only function well in bright light)

Optic Nerve: Thick band of nerves that sends the images to the brain Where the optic nerve is located there are no rods or cones so light that hits on this point is not received; spot is called the blind spot

Nearsightedness (eye too long): can see nearby well; objects at a distance are blurry because the focal point of the rays entering the eye doesn’t project on the retina.

Farsightedness (eye too short): can see far away well; objects that are close or near are blurry because the focal point of the rays entering the eye doesn’t land on the retina.

Using Light

Telescopes: collect and focus light from far away objects Refracting: uses lens Reflecting: uses mirrors Is HST a refracting or reflecting telescope? Because HST uses a mirror, it is a reflecting telescope.

Microscopes: collect and focus light reflecting off very small objects; uses lenses to refract the light and change the size

Reflection of light. Study this image carefully. Write a paragraph detailing your observations. Be sure to use the terms opaque, translucent/transparent, reflect/refract, convex/concave, plane, virtual, real, and absorb in your paragraph. Explain WHY each thing that you observe is occurring.

Follow the path of the red light. In writing, describe each change in its journey and what caused the change. Repeat for the green and then the blue light. Finally, be sure to tell what happened and the ending result at the location marked with an arrow.

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