Presentation on theme: "COLOR!!!. COLOR UNIT VOCABULARY: *INDICATES THAT THE TERM IS IN THE GREEN BOOK Color Spectrum* Pigment* Neutral * 3 Properties of Color Hue* Color Wheel."— Presentation transcript:
COLOR UNIT VOCABULARY: *INDICATES THAT THE TERM IS IN THE GREEN BOOK Color Spectrum* Pigment* Neutral * 3 Properties of Color Hue* Color Wheel Primary Colors* Secondary Colors Intermediate Colors/Tertiary Colors Value* Tint* Shade* Tone* Intensity* Complementary Colors* Color Harmony/Color Scheme* Analogous Monochromatic Warm Colors Cool Colors Split-Complementary Triad
An Element of Art Elements of Art= The Building Blocks Knowing how to mix and use colors is crucial to the success of any work of art using color.
What is Color? Color- An art element with three properties; hue, value, and intensity. Also, the character of surfaces created by the response of vision to wavelengths of reflected light.
The Source of Color When a ray of white light passes through a glass prism, the ray is bent, or refracted. This ray of light them separates into individual bands of color, called the COLOR SPECTRUM.
Light Mixing Theories Applies to Light
Pigment The powdered coloring material used in making artist’s media (paints, crayons, inks, etc.) are called PIGMENTS. Can be natural or chemical (man-made) Never quite as pure as the color spectrum Pigments used in Dyes in India
Light Mixing Theories Applies to LightApplies to Pigment
Neutral Colors Not all objects have colors that are in the spectrum. We do not clearly see any one color in them. They are not associated with hue. White The sum of all colors – a white object REFLECTS to our eyes all the wavelengths shining on it, absorbing none of them. Black The total absence of reflected light; it results when an object ABSORBS all the wavelengths shining on it, reflecting none of them. Gray Created by PARTIAL REFLECTION (mixed black + white)
The Properties of Color There are three properties that can be defined and measured: HUE VALUE INTENSITY
Hue HUE-The property of color that distinguishes one gradiation from another and gives it its name. Examples of Hue: “blue”, “red”, “green” Each hue has a different wavelength Blue is 19 millionths of an inch long Red is 30 millionths of an inch long Refers to the color’s position on the spectrum.
The Color Wheel A simplified version of the color spectrum, bent into a circle An important tool for the artist – arranges it for easy study
The Color Wheel Made of three types of colors: Primary Secondary Intermediate/ Tertiary
Primary Colors The three basic colors from which it is possible to mix all other colors. The primaries cannot be produced by mixing pigments. Red, Yellow, and Blue
Secondary Colors Secondary Colors- Colors that result from the mixture of two primary colors. Orange Green Violet
Intermediate/Tertiary Colors Intermediate colors- Colors produced by mixing a primary color and the adjacent secondary color on the color wheel. Also made by mixing unequal amounts of two primaries. Also called “Tertiary Colors” Yellow-greenRed-violet Blue-greenRed-orange Blue-violetYellow-orange
Mixing Intermediates: What are two ways to mix each intermediate?
The Completed Color Wheel
Create a Color Wheel You will create a color wheel to go in your sketchbook. Use the handout provided.
Create a Color Wheel What is the hue and type of each color? Label your color wheel before you begin painting. Always mix the darker color INTO the lighter color. Always use more of the lighter color to start with. Paint primary first. Paint secondary second. Paint intermediate third. If your color is not correct, draw a new circle to paint the color into. Do not paint over an incorrect color. Acrylics are not truly opaque.
One of the most important color relationships illustrated in the color wheel. They appear opposite each other on a color wheel. Three main sets: Yellow and Violet Green and Red Blue and Orange What other sets can we identify?
Complementary Colors They show a maximum visual contrast between colors. The line where two complementary colors meet seems to vibrate in a composition.
Pointillism & Optical Fusion Pointillism is a technique that relies on something called optical fusion /optical mixing where our eyes blend colors that are separated on the paper. Pointillism uses thousands of small dots of color, building up thousands of points for the viewer’s eyes to blend. (Left) Circus Parade by George Seurat (detail below)
A Sunday on La Grande Jatte by George Seurat
VALUE: A Property of Color
Properties of Color 1. Hue identifies color as blue, green, red, yellow, etc. as seen in the spectrum of the color wheel 2. VALUE: How does it relate to color? 3. Intensity
Value What do we already know about Value?
Value in Nature Value is natural aspect of color. Look around you: hues vary from light to dark simply based on shadows and highlights. Where do you see value in color in your surroundings?
How can value affect color? Value is an aspect of all colors! Every color has a normal value, which is shown on the color wheel. Example: Red The value of the color can be changed by adding white or black to the color. Example: Red with black added Red with white added
Tints of a Color Adding white to a hue produces a TINT. A tint is lighter in value. Tint = Hue + White
So Many Colors! There are no limitations of value in color. Tints and shades can be made of any color: primary, secondary, intermediate, and anywhere in between.
SO Many Colors! There may be as many value steps between the lightest and darkest appearance of a color as there are between black and white.
Picasso The Old Guitarist
Making a Color Value Scale On your paper you must one value scale – you may choose the color. You must have 10 steps to each scale. Start with white, end with black. Step 6 will be your “normal hue”. Each color must be an even increment apart. Pure White Pure HUE Pure Black TintsShades
INTENSITY: A Property of Color
Properties of Color 1. Hue identifies color as blue, green, red, yellow, etc. as seen in the spectrum of the color wheel 2. Value: refers to the darkness or lightness or a color 3. INTENSITY: ???
Intensity Intensity refers to the quality of light in a color. It is different from value (which refers to the quantity of light that a color reflects) example: light/dark colors of the hue Intensity refers to the BRIGHTER and DULLER colors of the same hue. Also known as saturation or strength.
Changing Intensity A color, as it appears on the value scale, is at its’ brightest. Two ways to change intensity: Create a TONE – or mix the color with grey. Mix the color with its’ complement.
Hue + Grey = TONE Any hue mixed with grey is called a TONE.
Mixing Complements When mixing complementary colors, bit by bit, a neutral gray is formed. This is because the complementary colors represent an equal balance of the three primary hues. What are our complementary colors?
Intensity Scale & Tones 1. Create an intensity scale, going from one complement to another, in five steps. The middle step should be “greyish”. 2. Create five tones of the same color. (these can be “swatches” of colors) HueHue’s Complement“Grey”
Color Schemes & Harmonies Have you ever said that certain colors “go well together”? Or that other colors “clash” when placed side by side? Get out your color wheel!
Color Schemes / Color Harmonies When artists & designers use combinations of colors to get certain results, they are using color schemes or color harmonies. Color Harmony/Color Scheme – Combinations of color that can be defined by their positions on the color wheel. Particular color harmonies may be used to achieve specific effects. A PLAN FOR ORGANIZING COLORS!
Color Schemes – plans for organizing colors Analogous Complementary Split-Complementary Triad Monochromatic Warm Colors Cool Colors
Analogous Colors Analogous colors are next to each other or adjacent on the color wheel. They have a single color in common. Because of this common color, they naturally relate well to each other.
Analogous Colors Honore Fragonard used analogous colors in A Young Girl Reading. The color group is yellow, yellow-orange, and orange. These analogous colors give a warm and soothing quality to the work. Where have you seen clothing like this? When and where do you think this painting was made?
Analogous Colors What other combinations can you come up with?
Complementary Colors Provides the strongest contrast as a color scheme. Good chance for them to either “clash” or “pop”. What are our complementary colors?
Complementary Color Scheme
Complementary Colors How has this artist used complementary colors?
Split-Complementary This is made up of a color plus the two hues on either side of that color’s complement. Such a combination forms sharp contrast within a design.
Split-Complementary What split-complements did Van Gogh use in his painting?
Split Complements What other split complements can you come up with?
Triad A triadic harmony involves three equally spaced hues on the color wheel. (equidistant) What other sets of triads can you see?
Triad What triadic colors did William de Kooning use in his painting? Triads are very tense b/c they are mutually dissimilar.
Monochromatic A color scheme using only one hue, plus black and white.
Monochromatic Contrast is created by the use of lights and darks (value contrast). Because only one hue is used, all the parts of a monochromatic design work well together.
Monochromatic Color Scheme
Warm and Cool Colors Imagine being in a cold place – what colors do you think of? Now imagine that you are in a hot location – what colors come to mind?
Warm and Cool Colors When the color wheel is divided in half, a line separates the warm from the cool. Using warm and cool can result in a very expressive effect because of our associations with colors.
Warm Colors Warm colors are the hues that range from yellow to red- violet. They are associated with warm objects or circumstances.
Cool Colors The cool colors are the hues that range from yellow-green to violet. They are associated with coldness or coolness.
Which square advances/recedes? Which seems larger?
Effects of Warm & Cool Colors Warm colors advance or come towards us in a design. Cool colors seem to recede or go backward in a design.
Effects of Warm/Cool Colors Warm Colors make shapes and forms appear larger. Cool Colors make shapes and forms appear smaller.
Color Scheme Initial Design You will create a 3” x 3” unit with one of your initials in it on plain paper. You will repeat this initial design 9 times to create an overall pattern using transfer paper. Each square will be colored in differently using colored pencils to show the different color schemes we have learned. Comple ment Analogo us Neutrals Warm Colors Monochr omatic Split- Comple ment Cool Colors Your Choice! You must include the following schemes in the following squares:
Color Review What do you know about color?
Color Review Based on the images provided, can you locate examples of the color properties and harmonies we have learned?
Color Review Can you find an example of color in your environment or in the book or the examples provided that is appealing to you? Why?
Color Review How do we perceive color?
Color Review How do we perceive color? Light strikes an object, and the lightwaves that are the color of the object are reflected to our eyes.
Color Review What colors are not found in the light spectrum? What is the term for these colors?
Color Review What colors are not found in the light spectrum? Black, white, and gray What is the term for these colors? Neutrals – they are not found in the light spectrum.
Color Review Name the primary colors Name the secondary colors Name the intermediate colors
Color Review Name the primary colors red, yellow, and blue Name the secondary colors orange, green, and violet Name the intermediate colors red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, red-violet
Color Review How are the secondary colors created?
Color Review How are the secondary colors created? By mixing two primaries together
Color Review To what does the term value refer to in color mixing?
Color Review To what does the term value refer to in color mixing? Value refers to the lightness or darkness of a color
Color Review Explain how to lessen the intensity of a color.
Color Review Explain how to lessen the intensity of a color. You can lessen intensity by adding its’ complement You can also add grey to create a tone.
Color Review Name five types of color harmonies. List a set of colors as an example of each harmony.
Color Review Name five types of color harmonies. List a set of colors as an example of each harmony. Complementary – colors opposite each other on the c. wheel Split-complementary – a color and the two on each side of its’ complement Monochromatic – a hue plus black and white Analogous – three-four colors next to each other sharing a similar color Warm – one half of the color wheel from yellow to red-violet Cool – one half of the color wheel from violet to yellow-green Triad – three equidistant colors on the color wheel FIVE OF THEM!
Color Harmonies with Pastels 1. Choose a real life object – a plant, leaf, shoe, hand, or insect – for your subject. 2. Choose a color scheme for your design by experimenting with pastels in your sketchbook. Consider the mood you want to set. 3. With a pastel close to the color of your paper, sketch the outline of your subject. Draw the object twice more. Draw them large and overlap them. They should touch or crop off the edge of your paper on at least two sides. 4. If your design does not divide your paper into as many shapes as your background needs, divide it more with various shapes. 5. Add color to complete your drawing. Not all areas need to be flat color – consider blending from dark to light or from one color to another. 6. Look at your design from a distance for evaluation. Add more if needed. 7. Spray with fixative.