2COLOR UNIT VOCABULARY: *INDICATES THAT THE TERM IS IN THE GREEN BOOK Spectrum*Pigment*Neutral *3 Properties of ColorHue*Color WheelPrimary Colors*Secondary ColorsIntermediate Colors/Tertiary ColorsValue*Tint*Shade*Tone*Intensity*Complementary Colors*Color Harmony/Color Scheme*AnalogousMonochromaticWarm ColorsCool ColorsSplit-ComplementaryTriad
3An Element of Art Elements of Art= The Building Blocks Knowing how to mix and use colors is crucial to the success of any work of art using color.
4What is Color?Color- An art element with three properties; hue, value, and intensity. Also, the character of surfaces created by the response of vision to wavelengths of reflected light.
5The Source of ColorWhen a ray of white light passes through a glass prism, the ray is bent, or refracted. This ray of light them separates into individual bands of color, called the COLOR SPECTRUM.
7PigmentThe powdered coloring material used in making artist’s media (paints, crayons, inks, etc.) are called PIGMENTS.Can be natural or chemical (man-made)Never quite as pure as the color spectrumPigments used in Dyes in India
8Light Mixing TheoriesApplies to LightApplies to Pigment
9Neutral Colors Not all objects have colors that are in the spectrum. We do not clearly see any one color in them.They are not associated with hue.WhiteThe sum of all colors – a white object REFLECTS to our eyes all the wavelengths shining on it, absorbing none of them.BlackThe total absence of reflected light; it results when an object ABSORBS all the wavelengths shining on it, reflecting none of them.GrayCreated by PARTIAL REFLECTION (mixed black + white)
10The Properties of Color There are three properties that can be defined and measured:HUEVALUEINTENSITY
11HueHUE-The property of color that distinguishes one gradiation from another and gives it its name.Examples of Hue: “blue”, “red”, “green”Each hue has a different wavelengthBlue is 19 millionths of an inch longRed is 30 millionths of an inch longRefers to the color’s position on the spectrum.
12The Color WheelA simplified version of the color spectrum, bent into a circleAn important tool for the artist – arranges it for easy study
13The Color Wheel Made of three types of colors: Primary Secondary Intermediate/ Tertiary
14Primary ColorsThe three basic colors from which it is possible to mix all other colors.The primaries cannot be produced by mixing pigments.Red, Yellow, and Blue
15Secondary ColorsSecondary Colors- Colors that result from the mixture of two primary colors.OrangeGreenViolet
16Intermediate/Tertiary Colors Intermediate colors- Colors produced by mixing a primary color and the adjacent secondary color on the color wheel.Also made by mixing unequal amounts of two primaries.Also called “Tertiary Colors”Yellow-green Red-violetBlue-green Red-orangeBlue-violet Yellow-orange
17Mixing Intermediates: What are two ways to mix each intermediate?
19Create a Color WheelYou will create a color wheel to go in your sketchbook.Use the handout provided.
20Create a Color Wheel What is the hue and type of each color Create a Color Wheel What is the hue and type of each color? Label your color wheel before you begin painting.Always mix the darker color INTO the lighter color.Always use more of the lighter color to start with.Paint primary first.Paint secondary second.Paint intermediate third.If your color is not correct, draw a new circle to paint the color into. Do not paint over an incorrect color. Acrylics are not truly opaque.
22Complementary Colors They appear opposite each other on a color wheel. One of the most important color relationships illustrated in the color wheel.They appear opposite each other on a color wheel.Three main sets:Yellow and VioletGreen and RedBlue and OrangeWhat other sets can we identify?
23Complementary ColorsThey show a maximum visual contrast between colors.The line where two complementary colors meet seems to vibrate in a composition.
25Pointillism & Optical Fusion (Left) Circus Parade by George Seurat (detail below)Pointillism & Optical FusionPointillism is a technique that relies on something called optical fusion /optical mixing where our eyes blend colors that are separated on the paper.Pointillism uses thousands of small dots of color, building up thousands of points for the viewer’s eyes to blend.
30Value in Nature Where do you see value in color in your surroundings? Value is natural aspect of color. Look around you: hues vary from light to dark simply based on shadows and highlights.Where do you see value in color in your surroundings?
31How can value affect color? Value is an aspect of all colors!Every color has a normal value, which is shown on the color wheel.Example: RedThe value of the color can be changed by adding white or black to the color.Example: Red with black addedRed with white added
32Tints of a Color Adding white to a hue produces a TINT. A tint is lighter in value.Tint = Hue + White
42Making a Color Value Scale On your paper you must one value scale – you may choose the color.You must have 10 steps to each scale.Start with white, end with black.Step 6 will be your “normal hue”.Each color must be an even increment apart.Pure WhitePureHUEPure BlackTintsShades
44Properties of ColorHue identifies color as blue, green, red, yellow, etc. as seen in the spectrum of the color wheelValue: refers to the darkness or lightness or a colorINTENSITY: ???
45IntensityIntensity refers to the quality of light in a color.It is different from value (which refers to the quantity of light that a color reflects) example: light/dark colors of the hueIntensity refers to the BRIGHTER and DULLER colors of the same hue.Also known as saturation or strength.
46Changing Intensity Create a TONE – or mix the color with grey. A color, as it appears on the value scale, is at its’ brightest.Two ways to change intensity:Create a TONE – or mix the color with grey.Mix the color with its’ complement.
47Hue + Grey = TONEAny hue mixed with grey is called a TONE.
48Mixing ComplementsWhen mixing complementary colors, bit by bit, a neutral gray is formed. This is because the complementary colors represent an equal balance of the three primary hues.What are ourcomplementarycolors?
49Intensity Scale & Tones 1. Create an intensity scale, going from one complement to another, in five steps. The middle step should be “greyish”. 2. Create five tones of the same color. (these can be “swatches” of colors)Hue“Grey”Hue’s Complement
50Color Schemes & Harmonies Get out your color wheel!Color Schemes & HarmoniesHave you ever said that certain colors “go well together”?Or that other colors “clash” when placed side by side?
51Color Schemes / Color Harmonies When artists & designers use combinations of colors to get certain results, they are using color schemes or color harmonies.Color Harmony/Color Scheme – Combinations of color that can be defined by their positions on the color wheel. Particular color harmonies may be used to achieve specific effects.A PLAN FOR ORGANIZING COLORS!
52Color Schemes – plans for organizing colors AnalogousComplementarySplit-ComplementaryTriadMonochromaticWarm ColorsCool Colors
53Analogous ColorsAnalogous colors are next to each other or adjacent on the color wheel.They have a single color in common. Because of this common color, they naturally relate well to each other.
54Analogous ColorsHonore Fragonard used analogous colors in A Young Girl Reading.The color group is yellow, yellow-orange, and orange. These analogous colors give a warm and soothing quality to the work.Where have you seen clothing like this?When and where do you think this painting was made?
55Analogous ColorsWhat other combinations can you come up with?
68Warm and Cool ColorsImagine being in a cold place – what colors do you think of?Now imagine that you are in a hot location – what colors come to mind?
69Warm and Cool ColorsWhen the color wheel is divided in half, a line separates the warm from the cool.Using warm and cool can result in a very expressive effect because of our associations with colors.
70Warm ColorsWarm colors are the hues that range from yellow to red-violet.They are associated with warm objects or circumstances.
80Color Scheme Initial Design You must include the following schemes in the following squares:You will create a 3” x 3” unit with one of your initials in it on plain paper.You will repeat this initial design 9 times to create an overall pattern using transfer paper.Each square will be colored in differently using colored pencils to show the different color schemes we have learned.ComplementAnalogousNeutralsWarm ColorsMonochromaticSplit-ComplementCool ColorsYour Choice!
81What do you know about color? Color ReviewWhat do you know about color?
82Color ReviewBased on the images provided, can you locate examples of the color properties and harmonies we have learned?
83Color ReviewCan you find an example of color in your environment or in the book or the examples provided that is appealing to you?Why?
85Color ReviewHow do we perceive color?Light strikes an object, and the lightwaves that are the color of the object are reflected to our eyes.
86Color ReviewWhat colors are not found in the light spectrum? What is the term for these colors?
87Color ReviewWhat colors are not found in the light spectrum? Black, white, and gray What is the term for these colors? Neutrals – they are not found in the light spectrum.
88Color ReviewName the primary colors Name the secondary colors Name the intermediate colors
89Color ReviewName the primary colors red, yellow, and blue Name the secondary colors orange, green, and violet Name the intermediate colors red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, red-violet
90Color ReviewHow are the secondary colors created?
91Color ReviewHow are the secondary colors created? By mixing two primaries together
92Color ReviewTo what does the term value refer to in color mixing?
93Color ReviewTo what does the term value refer to in color mixing? Value refers to the lightness or darkness of a color
94Color ReviewExplain how to lessen the intensity of a color.
95Color ReviewExplain how to lessen the intensity of a color. You can lessen intensity by adding its’ complement You can also add grey to create a tone.
96Color ReviewName five types of color harmonies. List a set of colors as an example of each harmony.
97FIVE OF THEM!Color ReviewName five types of color harmonies. List a set of colors as an example of each harmony.Complementary – colors opposite each other on the c. wheelSplit-complementary – a color and the two on each side of its’ complementMonochromatic – a hue plus black and whiteAnalogous – three-four colors next to each other sharing a similar colorWarm – one half of the color wheel from yellow to red-violetCool – one half of the color wheel from violet to yellow-greenTriad – three equidistant colors on the color wheel
98Color Harmonies with Pastels Choose a real life object – a plant, leaf, shoe, hand, or insect – for your subject.Choose a color scheme for your design by experimenting with pastels in your sketchbook. Consider the mood you want to set.With a pastel close to the color of your paper, sketch the outline of your subject. Draw the object twice more. Draw them large and overlap them. They should touch or crop off the edge of your paper on at least two sides.If your design does not divide your paper into as many shapes as your background needs, divide it more with various shapes.Add color to complete your drawing. Not all areas need to be flat color – consider blending from dark to light or from one color to another.Look at your design from a distance for evaluation. Add more if needed.Spray with fixative.