5Notice that Dali used line To work rapidlyUse gesture to show more than one movement in the same drawingWhat was he suggesting by using the line? Why is it called a “study”? Was this his final art piece?
6Sketch Book Homework/Line Choose an object in your house. What types of lines does it have? Sketch the object and label the lines. Then make another sketch of the object, changing the lines. Make them thicker, or curve them more. How do different lines alter the mood of your sketch?
7ShapeShape is an area that has height and width. Artist use two types of shapes.Geometric shapes are precise mathematical shapes like circles, squares, rectangles, and triangles.Organic shapes irregular shapes like those found in nature
9Fernard Leger French Artist (1881-1955) Wanted to become an architect Used clearly defined shapes in solid colors to create bold patterns on his canvasesShapes came from the world around him because he was inspired by the industrial age, simplified architectural and mechanical shapesDid he us organic or geometric shapes?What objects might have inspired the shapes he used?
10Sketchbook Homework/Shape Draw at least ten shapes from the world around you. Label each shape to identify where it came from and what type of shape it is. Choose three or four of the shapes you have drawn. Create a small composition with them by drawing a rectangle and filling it with the shapes you have chosen.
11FormWhile a shape only has two dimensions, a form has three. It has height, width, and depth. A form is something that you can hold or go around. Basketballs, snow, cones, and alligators are all forms.
12FormGeometric Forms- include objects such as spheres, cylinders, cubes, cones and pyramids.Organic Forms- are irregular, like the natural forms of pinecones and armadillos.
13Artist- Umberto Boccioni Sculpture- Unique Forms of Continuity in Space 1913
14What does this sculpture remind you of? The form is distorted andexaggerated to express anemotion or evoke a feeling.he captured movement inform by showing the figurestriding and by sculpting thelimbs to look as if garmentswere blowing in the wind.What do you think Boccioniwas trying to convey?
16Sketchbook Homework/Form Because drawing is two-dimensional, artist must create the illusion of form to show a three-dimensional object. Use lines, light, and shadow to draw the illusion of several 3-D forms such as spheres or cubes. Keep one side of the object light, and darken the opposite side.
17SpaceAn element of art, space is the area in and around an object. It can be empty or full, nearby or far away.
19Positive Space & Negative Space Positive Space is the area occupied by an object.Negative Space is the area around the object, and that defines the object’s edges
20The rock formations in the photograph below are the positive space. The openingin the rock creates negative space. Artistswho work in 2-D, suchas painters, oftencreate depth in theirartworks. Depth is theuse of perspective togive the illusion of deepspace on a 2-D plane. Another way artistcreate depth is to use overlapping, the process of putting on object, color or line in front of another.
21Artist- Claes Oldenberg Sculpture- Geometric Mouse-Scale A 1969-1971
22In this sculpture, Oldenburg used geometric shapes to create a representation of a mouse’s head. What shapes form the positive space? By tipping the mouse’s head, Oldenburg created negative spacebetween the head and theground. He also creatednegative space within theSculpture with openings in the large squareof the mouse’s face. What might the openings represent?
23Sketchbook Homework/Space Choose an object from nature or from home. Draw the object multiple times in a single composition, making it seem close, far and very far away. Use overlapping and diminishing size to give your drawing the illusion of depth.
24Areas in Space Foreground- the object that are closest to the viewer. Background- the area farthest from the viewerMiddle ground- the area between foreground and background
25Artist- Grant Wood Painting- Stone City Iowa 1930
26Wood overlapped objects to make the ones on top appear closer to the viewer. Objects, like trees and buildings, appearsmaller the fartheraway they are.The objects that arenear are darker andMore detailed than theObjects that are far away, drawing theViewer’s eye to the objects that are closer. What emotion or feeling does this sense of deep space evoke?
27Sketchbook Homework/Depth Use what you have learned about showing space to draw an outdoor scene. Use a variety of organic shapes, geometric shapes, and lines to draw an outdoor scene that shows space. Use the techniques you have learned about space to show the foreground, middle ground, and background. Increase the illusion of space by adding details to shapes in the foreground with markers or colored pencils.
28More Areas in Space Perspective Linear Perspective Horizon Line Vanishing PointAtmospheric Perspective
29PerspectiveWhen you stand near the corner of a building and look along one wall, the front corner of the building seems bigger than the back corner. Lines on the building that are actually parallel seem to get a closer together the farther they are from you. And far down the road, over the hill, objects seem to get fuzzier and lighter. These are tricks of human perception, which artists use to convey depth in their work.
30Space and PerspectiveLinear Perspective- is a technique in which artists use actual and implied lines to create an illusion of space and depth on a two-dimensional surface.
31Horizon LineHorizon Line- In name given to the viewer’s eye level, is the implied line where the sky meets the ground.
32Vanishing PointVanishing Point- The point on the horizon where lines in a painting or drawing converge, or come together.
33Artist- Carlo Crivelli Painting- The Annunciation with Saint Emidius 1486
34Atmospheric Perspective Atmospheric Perspective- is another technique for creating the illusion of depth. This technique, also called aerial perspective, is used to create the appearance of atmosphere and space in a work of art. Objects that are close are darker in order to draw the eye; objects that are farther away are lighter and more muted. These changes in light and dark help create the illusion of depth.
35Artist- Thomas Moran Painting- A Miracle of Nature 1913
36Sketchbook Homework/Perspective Make two sketches that show linear perspective in outdoor scenes. Choose objects with strong linear qualities like buildings and tables. Make notes about what you find difficult in representing theses scenes. Describe different ways to solve the difficulties you encountered.
37More areas in SpaceOne-point PerspectiveTwo-point Perspective
38Interior PerspectiveOne-point perspective- is a technique of using a single vanishing point to show space and depth on a two-dimensional plane.
39Interior PerspectiveTwo-point perspective- employs two vanishing points to show space and depth on a two-dimensional surface.
40Sketchbook Homework/Linear Perspective & Atmospheric Use what you have learned about linear and atmospheric perspective to create a drawing of an interior scene. Choose a room in your house to draw. Use the techniques of one-point perspective to make the object fit in. Use markers, crayons, or color pencils to create atmospheric perspective by making the objects in the foreground darker than the background objects.
41ValueValue- an element of art, is the degree of lightness or darkness of a color.Shading- a gradual change from light to dark values
42Here is how we create Value Shading- A gradual change from light to dark.
43Shading Techniques- Blending, stippling, hatching and cross-hatching Artist-Mary WilliamsonDrawing- She FliesWith Other Wings-2006
48Artist-Diego Rivera Drawing- Study of a Sleeping Woman 1921
492 Assignments; Sketchbook Homework/ Part 1 Value Scale 1-Draw a two-inch by four-inch rectangle in your sketchbook. Divide the rectangle into eight equal spaces. Use these spaces to create a value scale that show gradual shading (from light to dark). Leave the first space white and show gradual increase in shading.
50Sketchbook Homework Part 2/Portrait Draw a portrait of a famous person using blending, stippling, hatching, and cross hatching.
52Primary Colors Primary colors RED Are the colors BLUE from which all YELLOWother colors aremixed.
53Secondary ColorsSecondary colors- Mixing two primary colors.
54Intermediate or Tertiary Colors Intermediate colors- are mixed from a primary color and one secondary color.
55Artist- Wassily Kandinsky Painting- Composition II Identifyprimary,secondaryandtertiarycolors.
56Color Families Warm Colors= reds, yellows, and oranges. Cool colors= greens, blues, and violets.
57Artist- Georgia O'Keefe Painting- From the Plains 1 1953
58Look at O'Keeffe's painting. Two primary colors dominate this painting Look at O'Keeffe's painting. Two primary colors dominate this painting. What are they? O'Keeffe mixed these two colors to create which secondary color? Look for the light and dark values of this artwork. What kind of emotion does this bright limited palette evoke? What color family?
59Sketchbook Homework/Color Value Chart Make a color value chart by drawing a grid that is twelve squares tall by five squares wide. Use colored pencils or crayons to color in a different primary, secondary, or tertiary color in each row. In each column, vary the value of each color from left to right, lightest to darkest.
61Color SchemesColor scheme- is a plan for combining colors in what you wear and in a work of art.Hue- colorMonochromatic- “mono” means one and “chrome” means color.Analogous- hues in a color schemes are beside one another on the color wheel, and share a common hue.Complementary- color scheme employs colors that are across each other on the color wheel.Neutral- colors include black, white, and shades of gray.
62MonochromaticOne color scheme.What is the colorscheme here?
63AnalogousColors next to each other on the color wheel and share a common hue.
64ComplementaryColors that are across from each other on the color wheel
66Spanish artist Pablo Picasso used a mostly monochromatic color scheme for this painting. The areas that diverge from the blue hues create contrast. Notice how Picasso used values of blue to show depth and form. What reason could an artist have for using a monochromatic color scheme? What feeling or mood does the artist seem to be expressing in this artwork?
67Tints, Shades, and Intensity Tint- are made by mixing a hue with white.Shades- are made by mixing a hue with black.Intensity- of a hue refers to its brightness or dullness. Pure unmixed colors are most intense.Mixing Tips- To mix a tint, begin with white paint on your palette. Add a small amount of color and mix the paints. Add color in small amounts to reach the tint you want. To mix a shade, add a little black. Add black in small dots, because it can darken the color very fast!
68Artist-Vincent Van Gogh Painting- The Red Vineyard, 1888
69Notice how Van Gogh's use of complementary colors makes the blue clothing of the figures stand out against the orange of the plants. The intensity of the colors adds to the color scheme’s effect.
70Sketchbook Homework/Color Scheme Sketches Make 3 quick sketches of the same scene. Use colored pencils to give each sketch a different color scheme. Make one sketch’s color scheme monochromatic, one analogous and one complementary. Make notes about how each color scheme changes the mood of the drawing.
71TextureTexture- is the way an object feels to touch, or the way it may look.Tactile texture- or actual texture is the way a surface feels to the touch. An alligator’s skin has tactile texture.Visual texture- is the way a surface looks like it would feel. A painting of an alligator’s skin might appear rough, but if you were to touch the painting, it would not actual feel like an alligator.
72Artist-Barbara Benedetti Newton Watercolor with colored pencil- Fancy 2002
73In the drawing, the apples look so real that it seems like you could pick one up and eat it! Newton used visual texture to show the smoothshiny surfaces ofthe apples and thesilver plate. Noticehow the ribbonappears soft, silky,and shiny. How dothese texturescontrast with thoseof the lace?
74Sketchbook Homework/Texture Closely observe the variety of textures in your bedroom. Make sketches of some of these textures. Next to each sketch indicate where you observed the texture. Now create a composition using the texture you sketched.