Findings FCE and CAE in future over 70% of respondents wanted shorter exams a majority favoured a four paper format combined Reading and Use of English most favoured content should be suitable for study purposes, work/career advancement, as well as for general purposes
Summary of new FCE(fS) format FCE and FCEfS from 2015 Paper/timingContent Reading and Use of English 75 min Part 1 4-option MC cloze Part 2 Open cloze Part 3 Word formation Part 4 Key word transformations Part 5 4-option multiple choice Part 6 Gapped text Part 7 Multiple matching Writing 80 min Part 1 one compulsory question (essay) Part 2 one question from a choice of three (four for FCEfS). Set text option for FCEfS only Listening 40 min (approx.) Part 1 3-option multiple choice Part 2 Sentence completion Part 3 Multiple matching Part 4 3-option multiple choice Speaking 14 min Part 1 Interview Part 2 Individual long turns Part 3/4 Collaborative task and follow-up discussion Total timing: 3 hours 29 minutes (current exam 3 hours 59 minutes)
Summary of new CAE format CAE from 2015 Paper/timingContent Reading and Use of English 90 min Part 1 4-option MC cloze Part 2 Open cloze Part 3 Word formation Part 4 Key word transformations Part 5 4-option multiple choice Part 6 Cross-text multiple matching Part 7 Gapped text Part 8 Multiple matching Writing 90 min Part 1 one compulsory question (essay) Part 2 one question from a choice of three. No set text option Listening 40 min (approx.) Part 1 3-option multiple choice Part 2 Sentence completion Part 3 4-option multiple choice Part 4 Multiple matching Speaking 15 min Part 1 Interview Part 2 Individual long turns Part 3/4 Collaborative task and follow-up discussion Total timing: 3 hours 55 minutes (current exam 4 hours 40 minutes)
FCE(fS) and CAE Reading and Use of English Summary of main changes all current FCE(fS), and most current CAE R and UE tasks retained in shortened formats (current CAE R short texts and CAE UE gapped sentences tasks dropped) new cross-text multiple matching task developed for CAE, enhancing the academic coverage of the test UE tasks before R tasks in the new format progression from FCE to CPE clearer
New CAE Reading task Four reviews of a book. A B C Which reviewer 37has a different view from the others on the confidence with which Botton discusses architecture 38shares reviewer B’s opinion of the significance of Botton’s book
FCE(fS) and CAE Writing Summary of main changes both FCE(fS) and CAE to include new compulsory essay in Part 1 FCEfS to include a modified ‘story’ task in Part 2, while the ‘report’ as an output text type has been dropped. There will be a single set text included, rather than the current two. FCE will retain the ‘report’ text type, but will not include the story. There will be no set text option. CAE Part 2 will no longer include ‘article’ or ‘information sheet’ as output text types. There will be no set text option. the output word ranges have been increased for both exams
FCE Part 1 Writing question In your English class you have been talking about education. Now your teacher has asked you to write an essay for homework. Write your essay using all the notes and giving your point of view. Some parents teach their children at home rather than sending them to school. Is this a good or a bad thing for the children ? Write about - Having a teacher as a parent - making friends - ___________ your own ideas.
FCE(fS) and CAE Speaking Summary of main changes FCE(fS) and CAE Part 1 Phase 2 modified to reduce the number of follow up questions. FCE(fS) includes 12 questions grouped in three categories. CAE includes eight discrete questions. Part 1 timing reduced by one minute FCE(fS) Part 2 the ‘listening candidate question’ (LCQ) has been extended slightly to allow for a more meaningful contribution from the listening candidate (similar to CAE) FCE(fS) and CAE Part 3 visuals replaced with written prompts. Task now split into two to include a discussion phase and a decision-making phase FCE(fS) and CAE Part 4 timing extended by one minute
Coherence : putting it together Main ideas Shameful lack of government investment in research. Renewable energy is a security as well as an environmental issue. Fossil fuel resources are rapidly depleting. Language for developing ideas cause and effect This leads/has led to This can impact on As a direct result, economies explanation This is obvious if you consider… What this means in reality is.. Thus, today …. Such problems have been made worse evidence One /another example of this is ….. Approximately/Only around 10 % It is estimated that … You only have to look ….
Impact on teaching Speaking [discursivity] we will probably want to emphasise turn shape and turn development more
A good Part 3 candidate will.. actively listen … support and comment …. seek and help to clarify initiate and respond … probe and question …. help navigate ….. …….. agreeing / disagreeing …. tend to seek closure
Encourage simple ‘across turn’ strategies for development in Parts 3 and 4 Across turn …And ….But ….That’s
I, the exam teacher, shall do my utmost to engage you with language through and around the exam and to train you in all its aspects, shedding light into its darker corners... and thereby enhancing your accuracy, dexterity and fluency in English..and above all I shall do no harm Doctors in a sense …..…
….and above all I shall do no harm Slavish ‘exam practice’ can potentially do harm in terms of.. - demotivation - not optimising opportunities for language development - potential re-enforcement of poor strategies
Exam practice [full specification, comprehensive ] Exam Training [ modified tasks, task platform ] Exam awareness-raising [ familiarisation, post-task review and reflection ] Exam Teaching Mix
Exam Practice and above all I shall do no harm Authentic Genuine looks like the test no modification of test feature e.g. text length full range of test item difficulty requires total strategy engagement is just there looks like some of the test some modification of test feature e.g. text length part range of test item difficulty can prioritise/delimit strategy engagement can be used within a progressive cycle
Authentic v Genuine 1 You only get depressed because you worry. 0 1 2 3 If you _______ not get so depressed NOT 2 You’re always blaming me for things that go wrong. 0 1 2 3 Whenever _____________ me ANYTHING 3 I didn’t phone because I didn’t know you were back 0 1 2 3 I _____________ I’d known you were back. IF FCE Reading and USE
One day : One focus poss - access- comprehens- afford- sustain- flex- biodegrad- fashion- valu- respons- suit- profit- exhaust- vis- renew- feas- revers- desir- compat- reus- -able -ible CAE Reading and Use
One day : One focus [or maybe 2] poss - access- comprehens- afford- sustain- flex- biodegrad- fashion- valu- respons- suit- profit- exhaust- vis- renew- feas- revers- desir- compat- reus- un – im – ir – non- in- CAE Reading and Use
Exam Practice CAE Reading and Use Tidal Energy Based in Sheffield [UK] Pulse Tidal is a company that has developed an 1 ______ machine that AFFORD generates electrical power from the ocean tides; providing electricity that is clean and 2 ______ VISION and unlike other 3 ______ energy sources totally NEW 4 _________. PREDICT Our power comes from the current created as the tides ebb and flow, a motion as 5 _______ as the RELY rising and setting of the sun
provide a task and interactive class platform..that allows you to explore with students the discreet target skills implied by the different test tasks.....that allows you to meaningfully explore student current skills and strategies and engage them cognitively and affectively with the content. Exam Training...train you in all its aspects
Multiple-choice elimination I shifted uncomfortably inside my best suit and eased a finger inside the tight white collar. It was hot in the little bus and I had taken a seat on the wrong side where the summer sun beat on the windows. It was a strange outfit for the weather, but a few miles ahead my future employer might be waiting for me and I had to make a good impression. There was a lot depending on this interview. Many friends who had qualified with me were unemployed or working in shops or as labourers in the shipyards. So many that I had almost given up hope of any future for myself as a veterinary surgeon. 1 As he travelled, the writer regretted his choice of A B clothes. C career. D means of transport. FCE Reading and Use
Exam awareness : deeper familiarity with test Completing mark sheets Using/allocating time Assessment and weighting Awareness of question shape Awareness of question focus Effective test strategies for question shedding light into its darker corners....
Lack of test awareness may lead a candidate to … overlook required and/or possible feature of an answer use an ineffective or less effective strategy wander off-task spend too long on one part of a paper or not make effective use of time shedding light into its darker corners....
Familiarisation 44 Do you think you could help me to fill in this application form? WONDERING + I ………………..……………….. me a hand filling in this application form. 48 Unless the weather improves, they will have to stop the tennis match. +MEAN+ If the weather doesn’t get …………………….. ……… the tennis match.
Answer Awareness 44 was wondering if/_____ ][ you could/____/might ___/give 48 (___) better ][ it will mean stopping ][ shows where the answer is split into two parts for marking purposes.