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Musical Theatre Chapter 15. What You Will Learn  Identify milestones in the development of the Broadway musical  Name composers of classic Broadway.

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Presentation on theme: "Musical Theatre Chapter 15. What You Will Learn  Identify milestones in the development of the Broadway musical  Name composers of classic Broadway."— Presentation transcript:

1 Musical Theatre Chapter 15

2 What You Will Learn  Identify milestones in the development of the Broadway musical  Name composers of classic Broadway musicals  Analyze and evaluate a Broadway musical

3 Vocabulary  Operettas  Broadway musical  Vaudeville  Dialogue  Repertoire  Monologue  Motive

4 Musician Profiles Audra McDonald Alain Boublil Claude-Michel Schonberg

5 An Introduction to Musical theatre  During the 1800’s the evolution of opera split  Germany – lengthy heroic operas  Paris and Vienna – lighter more sentimental comic opera  Operettas:  stage plays with songs and dance interspersed with spoken lines  The birth of the Broadway musical:  Operettas came to America and became the Broadway Musical:  A dramatic stage form that combines the arts of acting and singing  Uniquely American  Forerunners include operettas, minstrel shows, and vaudeville:  An early stage variety show that included songs, dances, and comedy skits

6 George M. Cohan  One of the first composers of Broadway musical  His first hit show was Little Johnny Jones (1904)  “Give My Regards to Broadway,” a song from that show became a classicGive My Regards to Broadway  It contained the first ever reference to Broadway as a synonym for musical theater

7 The Classic Broadway Musical  In the 1920’s the musical continued to develop  Emphasis on music but there was more emphasis on the story  Richer plot lines  More attention to dialogue:  The spoken lines of a play or musical  George Gershwin – Lady Be Good  Jerome Kern – Show BoatShow Boat  Cole Porter – Anything GoesAnything Goes

8  Before World War II musicals reflected optimism – good will win over evil  After World War II the musical further developed  My Fair Lady – Lerner and Loewe My Fair Lady  The Sound of Music – Rodgers and Hammerstein The Sound of Music  West Side Story – Leonard Bernstein and Stephen Sondheim West Side Story

9  These musicals added many songs to the repertoire:  An inventory of compositions mastered and performed by a musician  During the latter part of the 20 th century musicals began addressing darker more serious themes  John Kander and Fred Ebb = Chicago and Cabaret

10 From Broadway to Hollywood  West Side Story (1961)  10 Oscars, including Best Picture  My Fair Lady (1964)  Eight Oscars, including Best Picture  The Sound of Music (1965)  Five Oscars, including Best Picture  Cabaret (1972)  eight Oscars  Chicago (2002)  six Oscars, including Best Picture

11 An International Trend  In the 1970’s British and French teams began contributing to musical theater  Andrew Lloyd Webber – British  Cats, Evita (with Tim Rice), The Phantom of the Opera Cats  Elton John – British  The Lion King and Aida, with Tim Rice The Lion King Aida  Claude-Michel Schonberg and Alain Boublil – French  Les Miserables and Miss Saigon Andrew Lloyd Webber Elton John Tim Rice

12 Assignment Activity 1, p. 345  Investigate a Musical  Select one of the musicals mentioned in this section, or choose another that you are interested in. Using reliable online and library resources, research the story and music of the show. Then complete the following:  What is the musical about? Write a brief summary of the setting, characters, and basic plot. (10 points)  How would you characterize the music? Select one song from the musical and analyze how the song conveys something in the plot or a character’s emotions. What mood does the song portray? What message does the song convey? (10 points)

13 Musical theater Today  Broadway musicals are still popular today  Both old and new can be seen  Audra McDonald (b. 1970)  Born in Berlin, Germany  Attended Julliard  Won a 1994 Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical for Rodgers and Hammerstein’s CarouselCarousel  Also won Tonys for Master Class(1996), Ragtime(1998), and A Raisin in the Sun (2004)  Youngest actor to ever win three Tonys

14 Les Miserables  One of the most popular musicals  Opened in London in 1985  Based on a novel by Victor Hugo written in 1862  Social commentary on the quality of life in France  Universal themes of human struggle, endurance, and redemption made it one of the best-selling books in history  Several 19 th century, including Puccini, considered making it into an opera  In 1980 Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schonberg adapted the work into musical theatre

15 Activity 2 p. 347 “Prologue” CD 10:6  How would you describe the dialogue between Javert and Valjean in the “Prologue”  Describe the differences in the quality of the voices based on the attitudes that the characters communicate through the music.  How does the composer use dynamics to intensify the drama?  Lyrics on p. 348

16 Activity 3, p. 349 “What Have I Done?” CD 10:7  Monologue:  A dramatic speech or song delivered by one character in a play  Make a list of the conflicts he is singing about.  How does the melody affect your thoughts about Valjean?  Do you think what he has done is forgivable? Why or why not?

17 Activity 4 p. 350 “I Dreamed a Dream” CD 10:8  Which of the following best describes the melodic form of the song?  AAAA/ AABA/ ABBA/ AABC  AABC  There are 3 distinct groupings of text that tell the story. Is the melody the same, different, or modified in each of the 3 texts?  How does the song’s organization support the emotional content?  The intro sets up Fantine’s story. The A sections describe he hopeful dreams. The darker B section foreshadows her downfall. The repeat of the A sections emphasizes her tragedy of her story.  Think of a single word that describes the pathos depicted in the song.

18 Activity 5, p. 352 “One Day More” video  Determine how the addition of music enhanced the dram and messages being presented  The accompaniment is tailored to each character’s expression yet builds toward the climax of the song in a unifying dramatic way  Why do you think the composer and lyricist chose to use this format to end the story in Act I?  It reviews the characters’ place in the story as well as their emotional and character traits. It also sets up the action of Act II. The song is a dramatic and exciting way to end Act I.

19 Activity 6, p. 356 “On My Own” CD 10:9  Lyrics p. 353  Which letter diagram best designates the melodic form of the song?  AAAA/ AABB/ AABC/ AABA  AABA

20 Activity 7, p. 357 “Empty Chairs at Empty Tables” CD 10:10  Motive  A short musical idea that is easily remembered and helps unify a composition

21 Review - terms  Broadway musical  A dramatic stage from that combines the arts of acting and singing  Dialogue  The spoken lines of a play or musical show  Monologue  A dramatic speech or song delivered by one character in a aplay  Motive  A short musical idea that is easily remembered and helps unify a composition  Operettas  Stage play with songs and dance interspersed with spoken lines  Repertoire  An inventory of compositions mastered and performed by a musician  Vaudeville  An early stage form that combines the arts of acting and singing/

22 Les Miserables Who they were/what they sang  Sings “I Dreamed a Dream”  Central character in Les Miserables  Sings “On My Own”  Cosette’s mother  Sings “Empty Chairs at Empty Tables”  A police inspector  Sings “What Have I Done?”  Feels unrequited love for Marius Character  Fantine  Jean Valjean  Eponine  Fantine  Marius  Javert  Jean Valjean  Eponine

23  Musicals of Andrew Lloyd Weber  Jesus Christ Superstar  The Phantom of the Opera  Cats  Evita  One of the first composers of Broadway musicals  George M. Cohan  Broadway singer and actor Audra McDonald won recognition in a revival of which Rodgers and Hammerstein classic  Carousel  One composer who emerged during the 1920’s as a composer of Broadway musicals  George Gershwin

24  The British composer who collaborated with Tim Rice to create The Lion King  Elton John  French composers Claude- Michel Schonberg and Alain Boublil wrote…  Les Miserables  West Side Story (1961)  10 Oscars, including Best Picture  My Fair Lady (1964)  8 Oscars, including Best Picture  The Sound of Music (1965)  5 Oscars, including Best Picture  Cabaret (1972)  8 Oscars  Chicago (2002)  6 Oscars, including Best Picture

25 What characteristics have made Les Miserables a popular and successful musical?  Universal themes of human struggle  Endurance  Redemption  Drama of the plot  Emotional expression of the music

26 What were some of the entertainment forms that contributed to the development of the Broadway musical? How did the Broadway musical change over the years?  Predecessors of the Broadway musical  Comic operas  Operettas  Minstrel shows  Vaudeville  1920’s musicals  Emphasis on music  Richer plotlines  Carefully scripted dialogue  After WWII  Composer lyricist teams created classic musicals like My Fair Lady, The Sound of Music, and West Side Story  These musicals popularized show tunes  Musicals were mainly optimistic  During the latter part of the 20 th century musicals began addressing more serious themes


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