Presentation on theme: "Text analysis “In a Station of the Metro” by Ezra Pound (1916)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Text analysis “In a Station of the Metro” by Ezra Pound (1916) Approaching Literary Genres p. 45Millennium
2 “crowd” in line 1 and “black” in line 2 are both related to the title. The apparition of these faces in the crowd; Petals on a wet black bough”.FOCUS ON THE MEANINGHighlight in red one more word that can be related to the title (essential for comprehension).“crowd” in line 1 and “black” in line 2 are both related to the title.The poem is based on a strong visual impression. There is a contrast of colours, or of light, within each line. Why is the bough wet? Give reasons for your choice/s:as a symbol of fertilityto signify winterwet boughs are darkerBoughs are wet because this makes them darker increasing the contrast of colours.The faces stand out against the darkness of the crowd and, in th same way, the colour ofthe petals stands out against the blackness of the bough.
3 The poem is a single elaborate metaphor. FOCUS ON THE METAPHORThe poem is a single elaborate metaphor.in blue is highlighted the first term of comparison, highlight the second term and describe them.The apparition of these faces in the crowd; Petals on a wet black bough”.The first term of comparison is “these faces” (l.1).We do not find a description of the faces. We just know that they appear in the darkness of the crowd.The second term of comparison are the “petals” (l.2). The image of “petals” is used by the poet to convey the beauty of the faces that suddenly appear in the darkness of the crowdThe first term of the metaphor, as is usual, is changed by the second: it takes on new characteristics and meanings. How is the first line changed by the second one? Explain it in your own words.The faces of people coming out of the metro station become petals. In other words, an ordinary scene of town life, which is trivial in itself, is transformed by the visionary quality of the poem into a refined image. This is the way the poet transforms ordinary life into poetry.
4 SOME FAMOUS EXAMPLES OF METAPHOR FOCUS ON THE METAPHORThe extraordinary compactness of the poem derives from the absence of a verb. Highlight in green two repetitions of similar sounds.The apparition of these faces in the crowd;Petals on a wet black bough”.SOME FAMOUS EXAMPLES OF METAPHOROne of the most prominent examples of a metaphor in English literature is the “All the world's a stage” monologue from ”As You Like It”All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances;— William Shakespeare, As You Like It,This quotation contains a metaphor because the world is not literally a stage. By figuratively asserting that the world is a stage, Shakespeare uses the points of comparison between the world and a stage to convey an understanding about the mechanics of the world and the lives of the people within it.“Life’s but a walking shadow” – W. Shakespeare, Macbeth, Act 5This quotation contains another metaphor. Shakespeare here compares “life” to “a walking shadow” to communicate the idea that life is as “impalpable” as a shadow, i.e difficult to catch and understand .
5 A DEFINITION OF METAPHOR The Philosophy of Rhetoric (1937) by, I. A. Richards (an influential English literary critic) describes a metaphor as having two parts: the tenor and the vehicle. The tenor is the subject to which attributes are ascribed. The vehicle is the object whose attributes are borrowed. In the previous example, "the world" is compared to a stage, describing it with the attributes of "the stage"; "the world" is the tenor, and "a stage" is the vehicle; "men and women" is the secondary tenor, and "players" is the secondary vehicle.Ex 1Ex 2CommonGround:A place where individuals play a partVehicle:A stageTenor:The worldThe analogy between tenor and vehicle, i.e. the ideas they share, are called common groundCommonGround:ImpalpabilityTenor:LifeVehicle:shadow