Presentation on theme: "Gothic Romanticism (Darker Romantics). The Time Period Expansion, Commerce, & Grandeur Lewis & Clark Social Context Technology, Democracy, and Slavery."— Presentation transcript:
The Time Period Expansion, Commerce, & Grandeur Lewis & Clark Social Context Technology, Democracy, and Slavery The Writers Social Vision Romantic Vision
Darker Romantics A lot of writers wrote against the Transcendentalist Deeply disturbed by human heart: crime, cruelty, guilt, and self- destruction are key aspects of being human Emphasize human fallibility and proneness to sin Hardships in effecting social change Reaction against Age of Reason (against rigidity/formality) People are ruled by emotion, not logic and reason Scientific reasoning discourages intuition and spontaneity
More shift to rural: cities are seen as centers of corruption and ugliness Description of a fallen world Emphasis placed on leaving civilization and entering the world of nature (more so for Transcendentalist) Emphasis placed on leaving civilization and entering the world of nature (more so for Transcendentalist) Romantics drew their inspiration from the wilderness and westward expansion Poetry was seen as the greatest witness to the power of imagination Directly influenced by intellectual and social ferment (excitement) in New England
Major Characteristics Focused on the mystery of the world; atmosphere of mystery & suspense Interest in the past Focus on the individual Inspired by myth, legend, & folklore Supernaturally charged environment Setting, characterization, and plot are key aspects
SettingSetting Big reliance on imagery Dark, gloomy, frightful Ancient castles, dungeons, flickering lights, screams, ghosts, graveyards Portrays the deterioration of the world (decayed and ruined) Nature as a spiritual force- but in a sinister way When it reveals truth, its revelations are evil and hellish
CharacterizationCharacterization Gothic hero is an archetype Protagonist usually isolated (voluntarily or involuntarily) Villain epitome of evil, either by his own fall from grace or by some implicit malevolence Wanderer epitome of isolation; wanders the world in exile Personify evil in the form of devils, ghouls, vampires, ghosts, etc.
PlotPlot Mirrors the ruined world in its dealings with the fall of the protagonist. This fall from grace usually occurs because the protagonist gives in to the temptations from the villain. Most of the time we can relate to this type of story because it bears some realistic characteristics (but it is magnified)