Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Light Pollution and the IES IESNA/IDA Model Lighting Ordinance Part 1: The View of an Astronomer Dan Caton.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Light Pollution and the IES IESNA/IDA Model Lighting Ordinance Part 1: The View of an Astronomer Dan Caton."— Presentation transcript:

1 Light Pollution and the IES IESNA/IDA Model Lighting Ordinance Part 1: The View of an Astronomer Dan Caton

2 What we will look at… Why protect the sky? Why protect the sky? The light pollution issue—a brief primer on sky glow, glare and light trespass The light pollution issue—a brief primer on sky glow, glare and light trespass The need for design The need for design A brief history of the MLO (and why I gave up on it…) A brief history of the MLO (and why I gave up on it…) Eric Gibson does the numbers Eric Gibson does the numbers

3 Light: our shared interest What you doWhat I do

4 Another shared interest

5 My Concern: ASU’s Dark Sky Observatory

6 100,000 hobbyists

7 Everyman…

8 Just as important

9 Light Pollution and the IES Light Pollution: the loss of the night sky

10 The basic problem: Sky Glow Light from fixtures reflects off particles in the sky—”Sky Glow.” Light from fixtures reflects off particles in the sky—”Sky Glow.” Large cities visible from tens of miles. Large cities visible from tens of miles. The stars are not brighter in the country—the sky is darker! The stars are not brighter in the country—the sky is darker! A worse problem here in the east, due to higher humidity levels than out west. A worse problem here in the east, due to higher humidity levels than out west.

11 Our Global Problem

12 Light “Made in the USA” ~ 1 G$ / year of wasted electricity

13 What’s Wrong With this Picture?

14 Closer to home You are here!

15 Boone ~ 40 years ago…

16 … today

17 Charlotte… Courtesy Spencer Rackley

18 Light Pollution Causes Poor fixture design Poor fixture design Lack of shielding Lack of shielding Over-lighting Over-lighting Poor installation Poor installation Market pressure Market pressure Let’s look at a few specific problems Let’s look at a few specific problems

19 Floodlights Almost horizontal Almost horizontal No shielding No shielding At night … At night …

20 Typical fast-food lighting Discomfort glare, bordering on disability glare Light trespass onto adjacent properties, roadway drivers Contributes to sky glow

21 Better: Full Cut Off

22 Even Better! Van Gogh’s Café Terrace at Night,1888 Experience at Tweetsie. Result from California study: reduce glare and you can reduce the overall lighting level

23 Roadway lighting-overhead glare Majority of the”light budget”? (Note: MLO does not cover)

24 Sag-Lens Cobra heads Glaring to driver Glaring to driver Light polluting Light polluting

25 Better, FCO Fixtures No light above horizon No light above horizon Non-glaring to drivers, too! Non-glaring to drivers, too! May require more poles per mile—but could we get the DOT to specify FCO? May require more poles per mile—but could we get the DOT to specify FCO? Progress Energy uses on all new roadway now Progress Energy uses on all new roadway now And at night … And at night …

26

27 Car Sales Lots Often grossly overlit Often grossly overlit This one at Fc on lot, 65 on road This one at Fc on lot, 65 on road Can be done nicely… Can be done nicely…

28 … like this (Tampa)

29 Wall Packs One of the worst fixtures for pollution as well as glare (or even for its intended purpose!) One of the worst fixtures for pollution as well as glare (or even for its intended purpose!) Are available in FCO Are available in FCO What is the point of these?  What is the point of these? 

30 I will give you architecture Would be allowed under MLO…

31 Why shown in day?

32 Ever notice?

33 Bad area/security lighting

34 Health concerns Baby sea turtles attracted to street light Baby sea turtles attracted to street light Cancer and melatonin production in people Cancer and melatonin production in people

35 Solution: put a cap on it New GE SkyGard shown here. Hubbell, too New GE SkyGard shown here. Hubbell, too Guaranteed to 100 mph, tested to 120 Guaranteed to 100 mph, tested to 120 Why not the default for new orders? Why not the default for new orders? Reduce lamp wattage, with light saved Reduce lamp wattage, with light saved

36 Gas Station Canopies This about 85 fc – several times IES RP

37 Sports lighting Often done poorly with lots of light pollution, light trespass, and glare (as baseball fans know). Often done poorly with lots of light pollution, light trespass, and glare (as baseball fans know). Can be done better as shown here, using fixtures like Musco’s shown here Can be done better as shown here, using fixtures like Musco’s shown here

38 The Model Lighting Ordinance Began evolution circa 2000? Existing IDA Lighting Code Handbook long and tedious. Began evolution circa 2000? Existing IDA Lighting Code Handbook long and tedious. Jim Benya’s paper at 2001 IDA Meeting, “A Proposal to Establish Inter-Organizational Standards for Outdoor Lighting. Let’s Do it!” Jim Benya’s paper at 2001 IDA Meeting, “A Proposal to Establish Inter-Organizational Standards for Outdoor Lighting. Let’s Do it!” MLO Working Group met at 2002 Tucson IDA Meeting and discussed basics, logistics. Hoped to roll out MLO 1.0 at Fall 2002 Boston IDA meeting. Members were common with IESNA Outdoor Lighting Committee, chaired at that time by Nancy Clanton. MLO Working Group met at 2002 Tucson IDA Meeting and discussed basics, logistics. Hoped to roll out MLO 1.0 at Fall 2002 Boston IDA meeting. Members were common with IESNA Outdoor Lighting Committee, chaired at that time by Nancy Clanton. Draft version (2004.1) circulated, stirring controversies about closeness to industry, watts vs. lumens, lumens per acre, etc. Draft version (2004.1) circulated, stirring controversies about closeness to industry, watts vs. lumens, lumens per acre, etc. MLO plods along today, cards held close. Based on lighting zones with different specifications for each. MLO plods along today, cards held close. Based on lighting zones with different specifications for each. I have been less concerned since the MLO in any of its incarnations is too complicated for small communities like Boone. Besides, I was tired of waiting for it! I have been less concerned since the MLO in any of its incarnations is too complicated for small communities like Boone. Besides, I was tired of waiting for it!

39 Small Town Approach: Boone Commercial only, at this point. Commercial only, at this point. Go for light control as the main theme (FCO required). Go for light control as the main theme (FCO required). Floods allowed but must be shielded. Floods allowed but must be shielded. Gas station canopies must meet 35 fc limit within 7 years. All other lighting grandfathered in but must be changed if renovated. Gas station canopies must meet 35 fc limit within 7 years. All other lighting grandfathered in but must be changed if renovated. Sports lighting must have light control package. Sports lighting must have light control package. Minimum/maximum table in footcandles (easy enforcement). Minimum/maximum table in footcandles (easy enforcement). Lighting plan required, including a 10' x 10' illuminance grid (point- by-point) of maintained footcandles overlaid on the site plan, which demonstrates compliance with lighting standards specified. Lighting plan required, including a 10' x 10' illuminance grid (point- by-point) of maintained footcandles overlaid on the site plan, which demonstrates compliance with lighting standards specified. Effective 1/1/2006. We will see how it works. Effective 1/1/2006. We will see how it works. Admitted problem with this approach: designers face different ordinances in different towns. Admitted problem with this approach: designers face different ordinances in different towns.

40 Summarizing Light pollution almost always caused by luminaires and installation techniques that do not do their task well. Light pollution almost always caused by luminaires and installation techniques that do not do their task well. We can all work toward better lighting and (thus) darker, starry skies. We can all work toward better lighting and (thus) darker, starry skies. Ordinances should cause lighting to be designed which is good for all of us. Ordinances should cause lighting to be designed which is good for all of us. Thank you for your time and attention. Thank you for your time and attention. and and


Download ppt "Light Pollution and the IES IESNA/IDA Model Lighting Ordinance Part 1: The View of an Astronomer Dan Caton."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google