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SUPERORDER ARCHONTA ORDER CHIROPTERA. Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Megachiroptera Family Pteropodidae.

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Presentation on theme: "SUPERORDER ARCHONTA ORDER CHIROPTERA. Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Megachiroptera Family Pteropodidae."— Presentation transcript:

1 SUPERORDER ARCHONTA ORDER CHIROPTERA

2 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Megachiroptera Family Pteropodidae

3 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Noctilionidae Noctilio leporinus Orange color Large feet with big claws for catching fish Piscivorous Big uropatagium Large, narrow ears Wide rostrum Large sagittal crest

4 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Mormoopidae Mormoops megalophylla Short and upturned rostrum

5 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Mormoopidae Pteronotus parnellii Tail on top of uropatagium; not connected at end Longer rostrum, flatter skull Light brown; lighter behind head

6 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Phyllostomidae Subfamily Desmodontinae Desmodus rotundus Very small uropatagium I and C are enlarged and blade-like Sanguinivory

7 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Phyllostomidae Subfamily Phyllostominae Macrotus Hair light at base, dark at tips HUGE ears Insectivory

8 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Phyllostomidae Subfamily Phyllostominae Vampyrum Large sagittal crest Large bat Large ears Small U shape in uropatagium Carnivory

9 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Phyllostomidae Subfamily Glossophaginae Glossophaga soricina Leaf shaped skin flap on nose Nectivory

10 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Phyllostomidae Subfamily Stenodermatinae Sturnira Frugivorous No uropatagium No tail

11 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Phyllostomidae Subfamily Stenodermatinae Artibeus Two white stripes on face Large bat Inverted U-shaped uropatagium Short, heavy rostrum Frugivorous

12 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Phyllostomidae Subfamily Stenodermatinae Uroderma White line down back Two facial stripes Frugivorous

13 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Phyllostomidae Subfamily Carollinae Zygomatic arch incomplete Frugivorous

14 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Molossidae Tadarida brasiliensis Large, forward-facing ears, almost connected in middle Wide rostrum Tail extends beyond uropatagium Small hairs on hind feet

15 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Molossidae Eumops perotis Skull relatively broad and heavy Large bat-about 7 inches Huge forward-facing ears that connect in middle

16 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Natalidae Natalus Uropatagium longer than length of body Tail extends to the end of the uropatagium Rostrum slants upward

17 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Vespertilionidae Myotis yumanensis Long and pointed tragus Premolars 3/3 Total # teeth =38

18 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Vespertilionidae Myotis velifer Paler than M. yumanensis and M. thysanodes

19 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Vespertilionidae Myotis thysanodes Reddish-brown Fringe of hairs on the uropatagium Pointed tragus 2/3, 1/1, 3/3, 3/3 =38

20 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Vespertilionidae Pipistrellus hesperus Short, blunt tragus First upper I has well-developed secondary cusp 2/3, 1/1, 2/2, 3/3

21 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Vespertilionidae Pipistrellus subflavus Long, slender tragus Dark wings with leading edge of wing and uropatagium lighter Some hair on top of uropatagium Hairs = tricolored

22 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Vespertilionidae Eptesicus fuscus Similar to P. hesperus More golden/reddish Longer hair Bigger in size Black face, ears, wings and urapatagium

23 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Vespertilionidae Lasiurus borealis Reddish-orange color Black wings Whitish color along sides of neck Skull –Short, wide rostrum –Larger gap between upper I Uropatagium fully furred

24 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Vespertilionidae Lasiurus cinereus Uropatagium furred Black wings Overall frosted appearance Tip of ear black with white on outside edge Short, blunt tragus

25 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Vespertilionidae Nycticeius humeralis Small, brown bat Darker ears and wings

26 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Vespertilionidae Plecotus rafinesquii Huge ears Dark brown dorsally and white ventrally Long hair –Dark brown –Roots darker than tips

27 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Vespertilionidae Lasionycteris noctivagans Stout rostrum Some hair on uropatagium Silver-tipped hair on back

28 Superorder Archonta Order Chiroptera Suborder Microchiroptera Family Vespertilionidae Antrozous pallidus Huge ears, light colored Darker wings Creamy white dorsum


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