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Diana Hernandez Integrating the catalogue of Mexican biota: different approaches for different client perspectives.

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Presentation on theme: "Diana Hernandez Integrating the catalogue of Mexican biota: different approaches for different client perspectives."— Presentation transcript:

1 Diana Hernandez Integrating the catalogue of Mexican biota: different approaches for different client perspectives

2 CONABIO Created in 1992 obtain, organize, analyze and disseminate biodiversity information promote and coordinate actions focused on the knowledge and sustainable use of resources serve as a “bridging institution” among scientists- government- civil society

3 fourth Megadiverse country, in overall species richness ~ 10% of the 1.8 million known species Biological richness of Mexico Currently, CONABIO has records of over 50,000 Mexican plant and animal species (~30% known diversity)

4 Cultural diversity of Mexico Use of natural resources multiple common names Mexico is one of the most culturally diverse countries, México is the 2nd. richest country in native languages (59 – 297 indigenous languages) ‘Peyote’,‘Peyotl’ ‘Jiculi’, ‘Beyo’ (22 synonyms)

5 Challenges...  Diverse sources of information (heterogeneous)  Demand of information by various users: government academic NGOs private general public  Taxonomic impediment vs. lack of a single database which includes the existing described species

6 National Biodiversity Information System (SNIB) data layer information layer knowledge layer specimen data authority catalogues geospatial data species attributes data metadata statistical tools extrapolation tools visualization organization Web-based applications attention to users Conservation Invasive species Bioprospecting Biosafety Restoration DBM GIS TCP/IP XML accumulation curves bioclimatic models complimentary Hot-spot detection CONABIO is responsible to create and maintain the National Biodiversity Information System (SNIB)

7 Taxonomic Authority Catalogues Lists of correct and valid names of multiple taxa based on a classification system Well structured hierarchical model Additional information: synonyms, common names, original description references, species’ distribution Important features: Data base format standards for data quality control www accessible

8 inverse correlation between biodiversity and expert taxonomists (species on risk of extinction!!!) disperse information old and hardly accessible references lack of interest and unrecognized by scientific committees need constant updating money and time consuming Challenges on their development

9 SNIB uses specially developed software specially designed to handle curatorial, nomenclatural, geographic, bibliographic, and ecological parameter data

10 Hierarchic recursive union ID NameID Taxonomic Category II. Division/Phylum III. Class IV. Order I. Kingdom V. Family VI. Genus VII. Species 1 171819 1415 11 2 12 3 8910 456 13 7 16 Id Name ID Taxonomic Category ID Parent Name... 1 ∞

11 Development of Catalogues Project agreement with an expert Peer reviewed publications DB development and data quality control Taxonomic expert revision Complete DB Catalogue ready for distribution NO YES

12 Taxonomic Authority Catalogues website

13 Data quality control and use of nomenclatural standards Scientific names MUST have their authority and description year. Reference to a classification system is mandatory Corresponding authority and bibliographic data Synonyms MUST refer to one valid species only

14 Current available catalogues Taxonomic group FamiliesGeneraSpeciesEstimated coverage in Mexico Invertebrates (13 catalogues) 7945 21617 54910% Vertebrates (4 catalogues) 2011 3453 72380% Plants (15 catalogues) 2701 9488 42227% Total1 2658 50929 694

15 Growing information and use Downloaded in different formats

16 Added value Activities involvedRelevance Updated catalogues Integrating new information: common names synonyms distribution origin risk categories citation Enhance analysis of species distribution Reliable search of data considering different criteria Updating taxonomyPeriodical validation for primary data

17 Future tasks: integrating the catalogue of Mexican biota Separate existing catalogues on line update Taxonomic Catalogue of Mexican biota complimentary published taxonomic information Agreements and terms of reference exchangeable information with other world catalogues users customized queries Best structure local demand of specific information alive and available expert taxonomists

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