Presentation on theme: "Public Health Policies and Health Care Reform as Complimentary Tools for Better Health in Poland Pawel Gorynski, Bogdan Wojtyniak 13th Conference of the."— Presentation transcript:
Public Health Policies and Health Care Reform as Complimentary Tools for Better Health in Poland Pawel Gorynski, Bogdan Wojtyniak 13th Conference of the International Society for Environmental Epidemiology (ISEE)
National Institute of Hygiene, Warsaw, Poland
Internet address : Health for all 2000 Health for all 21
Evolution of National Health Programme operational targets 1990, 1996 and 2000 versions From reduction of incidence, prevalence and mortality of most common causes to health promotion and prevention programmes From central steering of programmes to local authority and community actions
National Environment and Health Action Plan (cover page) KRAJOWY PLAN DZIAŁAŃ NA RZECZ ZDROWIA ŚRODOWISKOWEGO Ministerstwo Zdrowia i Opieki Społecznej Ministerstwo Ochrony Środowiska Zasobów Naturalnych i Leśnictwa WARSZAWA, MAJ 1999
Deterioration of the former San - Epid system (environmental monitoring) has been observed since mid nineties and is still continued. There is a tendency to shift the environmental health problems from Ministry of Health to Ministry of Agriculture (Food Safety) and Ministry of Environment (ambient air pollution and soil pollution) This process have been carried out under umbrella of unification of Polish law and environmental health organisation with EU countries.
Health Care Units - Hospitals, Dispanceries and others Health Statistics National Sickness funds health statistics, 17 independent data bases New problems in health data collection after 1999 Regional Health statistics officies - 16
Health Targets Evaluation Monitoring Indicators Performance of tasks listed in timetable - by the ministers Evaluation New tasks formulation Removal of tasks completed Monitoring Activities supervised by Ministry of Health Activities supervised by NHP Monitoring Office National Health Programme realisation and monitoring
Four important reforms were introduced in the country in 1999
Principles of health care system reform in Poland Introduction of “sickness funds” Changing of money flow - from Central budget to sickness fund From „unlimited services” to services contracted on the basis of health needs and financial resources Introduction of independence and privatisation of health care units - clinics and dispanceries
42 Parliament Budget law Ministry of Defence Ministry of Internal Afairs Ministry of Transport. Ministry of Health and Social Support Local authority District budget Former Health Care Financing System (flow of funds) Dispensaries Taxes Health care units Dispensaries & Hospitals Scientific Institutes Teaching hospitals Sectors Health Services Zł $$$ Citizen
43 Nurses Insured Person Current System of Health Care Financing Financing of special and expensive medical procedures (e.g. bypasses transplantation's etc.) Scientific investigations Investment Physicians Hospitals Dispensaries „ZUS” SICKNESS FUNDS (17) Contracting of special health services Additional funds Donations Revenue Taxes Own expanses for over - basic procedures C o n tr a c ti n g Zł $$$
Results of surveys on health reform perception mostly negative opinion - but better in small towns and rural areas deterioration of access to the specialists services and to diagnostics procedures still present under table money paid for some procedures in hospitals better services provided by family doctors and in privatized health units
Still observed in the country
Data of Central Statistical Office Malignant neoplasm's mortality in Poland (standardised data) Men + Female Per 1000 pop..
Mean value of „indicator” Sickness funds financed activities in the areas with the the worst health situation Worse value of “indicator” Best value of “indicator” Health promotion and prevention programes
In over 250 prevention and health promotion programs in Poland has been contracted and monitored by Sickness Funds Contractors were – health care units and some of the local authorities There is shortage of people in sickness funds with experience to contract and evaluate realised health programmes as well as shortage of such people in local authorities. Special World Bank sponsored project for education of health promotion leaders in local authorities was started in 40 of gminas (counties) in two regions of Poland Another World Bank educational Program (in Public Health) started in may for Sickness Fund staff
This Act can solve problems with organisation, financing and realisation of National Health Programme
Conclusions Process of health status improvement after transition needs acceleration especially in some areas like cancer problems or external causes in men. Negative public opinion on health care reform should be change through: -step by step increase of money devoted for health care in the country (now 7.75% of individual salary) - intensification of independence of health care units and their privatisation National Health Programme as a major tool for health policy should be strengthen in a way of legislation which will enable to dedicate money for health programs at the country and local levels. Problems with a new Environmental Health Monitoring System require better collaboration between Ministry of Health and Ministry of Environment and new model of San-Epid System should be worked out. Public health statistics as a source of information for health policy should be given priority and protection from disturbances of the transition period.