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2.5.5 Protein Synthesis 2.5.15.H Protein Synthesis Follow-Me – iQuiz.

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Presentation on theme: "2.5.5 Protein Synthesis 2.5.15.H Protein Synthesis Follow-Me – iQuiz."— Presentation transcript:

1 2.5.5 Protein Synthesis H Protein Synthesis Follow-Me – iQuiz

2 Q. The bases in DNA form a triplet code. What is meant by a triplet code? Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

3 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

4 Q. To which structures in the cell does mRNA carry the code? Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

5 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

6 Q. Give the role of the enzyme RNA polymerase. Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

7 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

8 Q. Where in the cell would you expect to find most DNA? Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

9 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

10 Q. DNA contains the instructions needed to make protein. These instructions are called the … code. Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

11 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

12 Q. During translation one end of a tRNA molecule attaches to an mRNA codon. What is attached to the other end of the tRNA molecule? Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

13 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

14 Q. What is meant by non-coding DNA? Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

15 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

16 Q. Give one structural difference between DNA and RNA. Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

17 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

18 Q. In DNA profiling DNA strands are cut into fragments. On what basis are these fragments then separated? Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

19 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

20 Q. True or False. The base Uracil is found in DNA. Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

21 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

22 Q. Each mRNA codon specifies one of three possible outcomes during protein synthesis. Name these three possible outcomes. Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

23 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

24 Q. Explain the term Replication in relation to DNA. Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

25 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

26 Q. In DNA profiling, what are used to cut DNA strands into fragments? Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

27 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

28 Q. The triplet code is transcribed into mRNA. What does this statement mean? Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

29 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

30 Q. In which structures in the cell does translation occur? Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

31 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

32 Q. What does the letter ‘t’ stand for in tRNA? Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

33 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

34 Q. Where in a cell are enzymes produced? Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

35 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

36 Q. Explain the term Transcription in relation to DNA. Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

37 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

38 Q. What must happen to the newly formed protein before it can begin to work? Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

39 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

40 Q. Give two applications (uses) of DNA profiling. Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

41 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

42 Q. What is meant by genetic screening? Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

43 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

44 Q. True or False. DNA is a double helical shape. Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

45 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

46 Q. Where in a cell does transcription occur? Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

47 CONGRATULATIONS Please CLICK on THIS BOX for the Next Question

48 Q. Name the small biomolecules that are joined together to make a protein. Amino acid(s) DNA contains thymine; RNA contains uracil FALSE Enzymes It must fold into its functional shape Information is copied to RNA molecule Gene; Genetic Forensic; Medicine; Paternity; Archaeology; Evolution Making a copy Ribosomes Sequence of three bases that code for one amino acid Size; Use of gel electrophoresis Joins nucleotides together to make mRNA Transfer Start; Adding an amino acid; Stop TRUE Checking for the presence of a specific gene Nucleus Complimentary RNA production Nucleus; Chromosome; Gene Does not code for a protein

49 CONGRATULATIONS You’re Brilliant

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