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Mutations. Transcription Translation RNA. DNA Replication DNA Structure DNA History 100 200 300 400 500 FINAL JEOPARDY FINAL JEOPARDY.

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Presentation on theme: "Mutations. Transcription Translation RNA. DNA Replication DNA Structure DNA History 100 200 300 400 500 FINAL JEOPARDY FINAL JEOPARDY."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mutations. Transcription Translation RNA. DNA Replication DNA Structure DNA History FINAL JEOPARDY FINAL JEOPARDY

2 DNA History answer100 answer This is the name of the scientist that utilized x-rays and created photo 51 to determine the structure of the DNA molecule

3 DNA History question100 question Rosalind Franklin

4 DNA History answer200 answer When Griffith mixed heat killed smooth bacteria(that didn’t cause pneumonia) with rough bacteria (that didn’t cause pneumonia) this was the result that showed up when the mixture was placed in the mice

5 DNA History question200 question They developed pneumonia

6 DNA History answer300 answer By using enzymes to break down specific molecules, Avery discovered that transformation did not occur when this molecule was destroyed

7 DNA History question300 question DNA

8 DNA History answer400 answer This is the name of the process that describes how one type of bacteria could influence another by having it’s genetic information change the genetic information of the other organism

9 DNA History question400 question Transformation

10 DNA History answer500 answer This is the name of a virus that infects a bacterial cell

11 DNA History question500 question Bacteriophage

12 DNA Structure answer100 answer This is the name of the “official DNA structure”

13 DNA Structure question100 question Double Helix

14 DNA Structure answer200 answer These are the names of the 2 scientists that coined the “official” name of the DNA Structure

15 DNA Structure question200 question Watson & Crick

16 DNA Structure answer300 answer These are the 3 subunits that make up a nucleotide (monomers of the DNA molecule)

17 DNA Structure question300 question 1) Deoxyribose Sugar 2) Phosphate Group 3) Nitrogenous Base

18 DNA Structure answer400 answer The principal of base pairing states that these bases bind to each other in DNA

19 DNA Structure question400 question Adenine – Thymine Cytosine - Guanine

20 DNA Structure answer500 answer Name the 2 purines and 2 pyrimidines.

21 DNA Structure question500 question Purines – Adenine and Guanine Pyrimidines – Cytosine and Thymine

22 DNA Replication answer100 answer In Eukaryotes, DNA is located in this structure.

23 DNA Replication question100 question The Nucleus

24 DNA Replication answer200 answer This is the name of the structure and site where replication begins on the DNA molecule.

25 DNA Replication question200 question Replication Fork

26 DNA Replication answer300 answer Which of the following is true: DNA replication results in 2 DNA molecules, A. Each with 2 new strands B. One with 2 new strands and the other with 2 original strands C. Each with one new strand and one original strand D. Each with 2 original strands

27 DNA Replication question300 question Which of the following is true: DNA replication results in 2 DNA molecules, C. Each with one new strand and one original strand

28 DNA Replication answer400 answer Using the following sequence, give the complimentary DNA sequence… CTAGGT

29 DNA Replication questionquestion CTAGGT GATCCA

30 DNA Replication answer500 answer This is the name of the name of the enzyme that unwinds and unzips the helix of the DNA molecule

31 DNA Replication question500 question DNA Helicase

32 RNA answer100 answer RNA contains this sugar

33 RNA question 100 question Ribose

34 RNA answer200 answer Unlike DNA, RNA contains this nitrogenous base

35 RNA question 200 question Uricil (U) instead of Thymine (T)

36 RNA answer 300 answer These are the 3 types of RNA molecules

37 RNA question 300 question 1)Messenger (m) 2)Ribosomal (r) 3)Transfer (t)

38 RNA answer400 answer Which of the following are found in both DNA and RNA A. Ribose, phosphate groups and adenine B. Deoxyribose, phosphate groups and guanine C. Phosphate groups, guanine and cytosine D. Phosphate groups, guanine and thymine

39 RNA question 400 question Which of the following are found in both DNA and RNA C. Phosphate groups, guanine and cytosine

40 RNA answer500 answer This is the process that makes a complimentary RNA sequence from DNA

41 RNA question 500 question Transcription

42 Transcription/Translation answer100 answer Using Transcription, give the complimentary sequence for the following TCTGAC

43 Transcription/Translation question 100 question TCTGAC AGACUG

44 Transcription/Translation answer200 answer Answer the following 2 questions… RNA is translated using sequences called these… They contain this many base pairs…

45 Transcription/Translation question 200 question Codons 3 base pairs

46 Transcription/Translation answer300 answer Translation creates this type of molecule from mRNA

47 Transcription/Translation question 300 question Proteins

48 Transcription/Translation answer400 answer Using the key, give the amino acid sequence for the following… CGUUUUGAG

49 Transcription/Translation question 400 question CGU UUU GAG Arginine, Phenylalanine, Glutamic Acid

50 Transcription/Translation answer500 answer This many bases would be needed to code for 5 amino acids

51 Transcription/Translation question 500 question 3 codons per amino acid x 5 amino acids = 15 bases

52 Mutations answer 100 answer These are the 2 main types of mutations

53 Mutations question 100 question 1. Gene Mutations 2. Chromosomal Mutations

54 Mutations answer 200 answer This is the type of mutation where 1 specific base is substituted for an incorrect base (causes only 1 amino acid change)

55 Mutations question 200 question Point Mutation

56 Mutations answer 300 answer This is a type of mutation where extra copies of a part of a chromosome are produced

57 Mutations question 300 question Duplication

58 Mutations answer 400 answer This is the type of mutation where a portion of a chromosome sequence is flip-flopped on the same chromosome (ex - ABCDEF > AEDCBF)

59 Mutations question 400 question Inversion

60 Mutations answer 500 answer This is a type of a mutation where a portion of a chromosome is completely swapped and placed on another chromosome and vise versa (ex. Part of chromosome 7 is placed on chromosome 14 and part of 14 is on 7)

61 Mutations question 500 question Translocation

62 Final Jeopardy Answer begin Why is it essential that DNA to have a middleman like RNA to help it do its job?

63 Final Jeopardy Question DNA can never leave the nucleus. Since Proteins do the job of the DNA, RNA is required to get the instructions of the DNA from the nucleus to the site of protein synthesis in the ribosomes.


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