Presentation on theme: "Floral Design Understanding the Design Elements. Interest Approach Take a look at the examples of floral designs on your desk. Compare and contrast these."— Presentation transcript:
Floral Design Understanding the Design Elements
Interest Approach Take a look at the examples of floral designs on your desk. Compare and contrast these arrangements with your neighbor. Look at the shape, color, texture and size. Try to visualize the same arrangements in a different color or size. Would the arrangements have the same visual effect? Why or why not?
Student Objectives n 1. List and describe the major forms (or shapes) used in floral design. n 2. Explain how space and depth enhance floral design. n 3. Describe the importance of texture in floral design. n 4. Explain how color influences floral work.
Vocabulary n Advancing color n Analogous n Color wheel n Complimentary n Depth n Design elements n Filler flowers n Form n Form flowers n Free form n Geometric n Line n Line materials n Mass flowers n Monochromatic n Naturalistic n Polychromatic n Primary colors
Vocabulary Cont. n Receding colors n Secondary colors n Shape n Space n Tertiary colors n Texture
What Are the Major Forms or Shapes Used in Floral Design? n Floral arrangements are composed of flowers, greenery and containers n The physical characteristics that the designer uses to create the arrangements are called design elements n Form and shape are the first two design elements
n Form refers to the 3-dimensional outline of the arrangement n Shape is the 2-dimensional term for form n The common forms used in floral design are: geometric, naturalistic and free form Geometric shapes are most often circles or triangles u Can be varied into ovals, fans, crescents, right triangles, isosceles triangles and asymmetrical triangles Naturalistic designs mirror the natural plant growth; Include groupings of plant material, using branches to symbolize trees and shorter flowers the undergrowth
Free form arrangements are more contemporary; Very creative and do not have any particular design rules n All forms of arrangement are created through the use of lines n Line is the visual movement between two points in an arrangement Placement creates shape and expresses emotions Can be created through the use of line material n Line materials (like snapdragon, liatris and scotch broom) are used to create definite vertical, horizontal, diagonal or curvilinear lines
Design Forms Courtesy of Delmar Publishing
n The remainder of the arrangement is created through the combination of form, mass and filler flowers Form flowers are those with distinctive shapes u Ex. Orchids, lilies Mass flowers are round, solid flowers u Ex. Mums, carnations, roses Filler flowers are light, airy flowers that fill in the space between other flowers u Ex. Baby’s breath, sea foam statice
How Do Space and Depth Enhance Floral Design? n The areas in the design that have no flowers are just as important as the flowers themselves Areas devoid of flowers are called space n It is important for designers to leave space in their arrangements Space increases the apparent size of a design by adding space and depth to the design
Depth gives the arrangement more of a three dimensional form than just a shape u Achieved by tucking flowers in further so they are partially hidden; and dangling flowers upward or to the side Space makes the arrangement appear to be larger even though no more materials are used; Occurs if the flowers are placed away from each other u Helps to save money by creating a larger, more expensive-looking design u Adds more interest in the design
How Is Texture Important in Floral Design? n Floral designers can create visually attractive arrangements by combining plant material with different textures Texture is the design element that refers to the surface quality of the plant material u Plant material can be rough, smooth, leathery, velvety, satiny or hairy u It can also have visual texture - fine, airy, lacy, delicate, bold or coarse By varying textures in a design, it will attract attention and hold the viewer’s interest
Looking at the pictures to the right, describe the textures of each of the flowers Courtesy of Delmar Publishing
How Does Color Influence Floral Work? n Color is probably the most obvious design element An arrangement can lose its appeal if the colors are not striking n Color contributes to people’s feelings n They have also influenced occasions or events For example, red symbolizes love; Orange symbolizes Halloween
Colors and Emotions/occasions
n The color wheel is made up of primary, secondary and tertiary colors Primary = red, blue, yellow Secondary = orange, green, violet u Two primary colors combined Tertiary = one primary combined with one secondary color u Names are always hyphenated z For example blue-green, orange-red n There are six color schemes that designers can use to create beautiful arrangements Created by the combination of one or more colors
Monochromatic Analogous Complimentary ex. Blue & orange Triadic Courtesy of Delmar Publishing
Polychromatic Split-Complimentary Courtesy of Delmar Publishing
n No matter what color scheme is used, remember they are viewed differently depending on what colors they are combined with n Advancing colors move towards the viewer For example yellow, red and orange n Receding colors disappear into the background For example violet, blue and green
Summary n List the twelve design forms. n How is a geometric form different from a naturalistic one? n Describe the difference between form, mass and filler flowers. Give an example of each. n How can depth and space enhance a design? n What is texture? Why should you vary the texture in an arrangement? n Name the three primary and secondary colors.
Summary Cont. n How do you create a tertiary color? n Using the color wheel, give an example of each of the color schemes. n What are advancing colors? Receding colors?