Presentation on theme: "Understanding the Design Elements"— Presentation transcript:
1 Understanding the Design Elements Floral DesignUnderstanding the Design Elements
2 Interest ApproachTake a look at the examples of floral designs on your desk. Compare and contrast these arrangements with your neighbor. Look at the shape, color, texture and size. Try to visualize the same arrangements in a different color or size. Would the arrangements have the same visual effect? Why or why not?
3 Student Objectives1. List and describe the major forms (or shapes) used in floral design.2. Explain how space and depth enhance floral design.3. Describe the importance of texture in floral design.4. Explain how color influences floral work.
4 Vocabulary Advancing color Analogous Color wheel Complimentary Depth Design elementsFiller flowersFormForm flowersFree formGeometricLineLine materialsMass flowersMonochromaticNaturalisticPolychromaticPrimary colors
6 What Are the Major Forms or Shapes Used in Floral Design? Floral arrangements are composed of flowers, greenery and containersThe physical characteristics that the designer uses to create the arrangements are called design elementsForm and shape are the first two design elements
7 Form refers to the 3-dimensional outline of the arrangement Shape is the 2-dimensional term for formThe common forms used in floral design are: geometric, naturalistic and free formGeometric shapes are most often circles or trianglesCan be varied into ovals, fans, crescents, right triangles, isosceles triangles and asymmetrical trianglesNaturalistic designs mirror the natural plant growth; Include groupings of plant material, using branches to symbolize trees and shorter flowers the undergrowth
8 All forms of arrangement are created through the use of lines Free form arrangements are more contemporary; Very creative and do not have any particular design rulesAll forms of arrangement are created through the use of linesLine is the visual movement between two points in an arrangementPlacement creates shape and expresses emotionsCan be created through the use of line materialLine materials (like snapdragon, liatris and scotch broom) are used to create definite vertical, horizontal, diagonal or curvilinear lines
10 The remainder of the arrangement is created through the combination of form, mass and filler flowers Form flowers are those with distinctive shapesEx. Orchids, liliesMass flowers are round, solid flowersEx. Mums, carnations, rosesFiller flowers are light, airy flowers that fill in the space between other flowersEx. Baby’s breath, sea foam staticeHave the students look at examples of floral arrangements and decide what form each arrangement follows.See if they can pick out the types of flowers used as form, mass and filler flowers.
11 How Do Space and Depth Enhance Floral Design? The areas in the design that have no flowers are just as important as the flowers themselvesAreas devoid of flowers are called spaceIt is important for designers to leave space in their arrangementsSpace increases the apparent size of a design by adding space and depth to the design
12 Depth gives the arrangement more of a three dimensional form than just a shape Achieved by tucking flowers in further so they are partially hidden; and dangling flowers upward or to the sideSpace makes the arrangement appear to be larger even though no more materials are used; Occurs if the flowers are placed away from each otherHelps to save money by creating a larger, more expensive-looking designAdds more interest in the design
13 How Is Texture Important in Floral Design? Floral designers can create visually attractive arrangements by combining plant material with different texturesTexture is the design element that refers to the surface quality of the plant materialPlant material can be rough, smooth, leathery, velvety, satiny or hairyIt can also have visual texture - fine, airy, lacy, delicate, bold or coarseBy varying textures in a design, it will attract attention and hold the viewer’s interest
14 Looking at the pictures to the right, describe the textures of each of the flowers Courtesy of Delmar Publishing
15 How Does Color Influence Floral Work? Color is probably the most obvious design elementAn arrangement can lose its appeal if the colors are not strikingColor contributes to people’s feelingsThey have also influenced occasions or eventsFor example, red symbolizes love; Orange symbolizes Halloween
17 The color wheel is made up of primary, secondary and tertiary colors Primary = red, blue, yellowSecondary = orange, green, violetTwo primary colors combinedTertiary = one primary combined with one secondary colorNames are always hyphenatedFor example blue-green, orange-redThere are six color schemes that designers can use to create beautiful arrangementsCreated by the combination of one or more colors
18 Color SchemesHave students separate floral arrangement pictures into the various color schemes to reinforce the concepts.
19 Monochromatic Analogous Complimentary Triadic ex. Blue & orange Courtesy of Delmar Publishing
20 PolychromaticSplit-ComplimentaryCourtesy of Delmar Publishing
21 Advancing colors move towards the viewer No matter what color scheme is used, remember they are viewed differently depending on what colors they are combined withAdvancing colors move towards the viewerFor example yellow, red and orangeReceding colors disappear into the backgroundFor example violet, blue and greenMention to the students examples of where this is important to keep in mind. For example, you would not want to use all purple and blue flowers on a church altar. The people in the back would not be able to see them.
22 Summary List the twelve design forms. How is a geometric form different from a naturalistic one?Describe the difference between form, mass and filler flowers. Give an example of each.How can depth and space enhance a design?What is texture? Why should you vary the texture in an arrangement?Name the three primary and secondary colors.
23 Summary Cont. How do you create a tertiary color? Using the color wheel, give an example of each of the color schemes.What are advancing colors? Receding colors?