Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter 8 Routine E-Mail Messages and Memos Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Copyright © 2003.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Chapter 8 Routine E-Mail Messages and Memos Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Copyright © 2003."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 8 Routine Messages and Memos Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Copyright © 2003

2 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 2 Characteristics of Successful Messages and Memos Headings: Date, To, From, Subject Single topic Conversational tone Conciseness Graphic highlighting

3 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 3 The Writing Process Analyze and anticipate Research and compose Revise, proofread, and evaluate

4 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 4 Analyze and Anticipate Do I really need to write? What is my purpose? How will the reader react?

5 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 5 Research and Compose Check files; collect information. Study relevant documents. Make an outline. Write first draft.

6 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 6 Revise, Proofread, and Evaluate Revise for clarity. Revise for correctness. Plan for feedback.

7 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 7 Organization of Memos Subject line Opening Body Closing

8 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 8 Subject Line Summarize the main idea. Example: Budget Meeting June 3, 10 a.m.

9 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 9 Opening Start directly; restate and amplify the main idea. Indirect (ineffective) opening: This is to inform you that we must complete the annual operating budgets shortly. Over the past two months many supervisors have met to discuss their departmental needs. Direct (effective) opening: All supervisors and coordinators will meet June 3 at 10 a.m. to work out the annual operating budgets for their departments.

10 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 10 Body Explain and discuss the topic. Use graphic highlighting to facilitate reading, comprehension, and retention. Consider columns, headings, enumerations, bulleted lists, and so forth.

11 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 11 Closing Request action, including an end date. Summarize the message or provide a closing thought.

12 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 12 Formatting Hard-Copy Memos Leave side margins of about 1¼ inches. Line up all heading words with those following Subject. Indent lines following bulleted or enumerated lines. Use ragged line endings, not justified. Don’t include complimentary close or signature.

13 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 13 Leave side margins of about 1¼ inches. DATE:Current TO:Rob Montaine FROM:Heidi Chan SUBJECT:FORMATTING AND STATIONERY FOR MEMOS Welcome to Multimedia, Rob! I’m pleased to be able to answer your questions about formatting and stationery for memos in the organization. Please examine the enclosed samples and call me if you have additional questions. Enclosures DATE:Current TO:Rob Montaine FROM:Heidi Chan SUBJECT:FORMATTING AND STATIONERY FOR MEMOS Welcome to Multimedia, Rob! I’m pleased to be able to answer your questions about formatting and stationery for memos in the organization. Please examine the enclosed samples and call me if you have additional questions. Enclosures 1¼ inch margin 1¼ inch margin

14 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 14 Line up all heading words with those following Subject. DATE:Current TO: Rob Montaine FROM: Heidi Chan SUBJECT: FORMATTING AND STATIONERY FOR MEMOS Welcome to Multimedia, Rob! I’m pleased to be able to answer your questions about formatting and stationery for memos in the organization. Please examine the enclosed samples and call me if you have additional questions. Enclosures DATE:Current TO: Rob Montaine FROM: Heidi Chan SUBJECT: FORMATTING AND STATIONERY FOR MEMOS Welcome to Multimedia, Rob! I’m pleased to be able to answer your questions about formatting and stationery for memos in the organization. Please examine the enclosed samples and call me if you have additional questions. Enclosures

15 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 15 Indent lines following bulleted or enumerated lines. Interoffice memo stationery may be used by any employee. Plain paper or letterhead stationery may also be used for memos, so long as the headings TO, FROM, DATE, and SUBJECT are included. Interoffice memo stationery may be used by any employee. Plain paper or letterhead stationery may also be used for memos, so long as the headings TO, FROM, DATE, and SUBJECT are included.

16 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 16 Don’t include complimentary close or signature. Welcome to Multimedia, Rob! I’m pleased to be able to answer your questions about formatting and stationery for memos in the organization. Please examine the enclosed samples and call me if you have additional questions. Enclosures Sincerely, Welcome to Multimedia, Rob! I’m pleased to be able to answer your questions about formatting and stationery for memos in the organization. Please examine the enclosed samples and call me if you have additional questions. Enclosures Sincerely,

17 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 17 Don’t include complimentary close or signature. Welcome to Multimedia, Rob! I’m pleased to be able to answer your questions about formatting and stationery for memos in the organization. Please examine the enclosed samples and call me if you have additional questions. Enclosures Sincerely, Welcome to Multimedia, Rob! I’m pleased to be able to answer your questions about formatting and stationery for memos in the organization. Please examine the enclosed samples and call me if you have additional questions. Enclosures Sincerely,

18 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 18 Don’t include complimentary close or signature. Welcome to Multimedia, Rob! I’m pleased to be able to answer your questions about formatting and stationery for memos in the organization. Please examine the enclosed samples and call me if you have additional questions. Enclosures Welcome to Multimedia, Rob! I’m pleased to be able to answer your questions about formatting and stationery for memos in the organization. Please examine the enclosed samples and call me if you have additional questions. Enclosures

19 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 19 Formatting Messages Enclose the receiver’s address in angle brackets. Include a salutation (such as Dear Dawn, Hi Dawn, or Greetings), or weave the receiver’s name into the first sentence. Use word-wrap rather than pressing Enter at line endings. Single-space within paragraphs and double-space between paragraphs.

20 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 20 Formatting Messages Write in complete sentences, and use upper and lowercase letters. Include a signature block, especially for messages to outsiders.

21 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 21 Formatting Messages

22 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 22 Kinds of Memos Procedure and Information Memos Request and Reply Memos Confirmation Memos

23 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 23 Procedure and Information Memos These routine messages usually flow downward; they deliver company information and describe procedures. Tone is important; managers seek employee participation and cooperation.

24 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 24 Request and Reply Memos Memo requests for information and action follow the direct pattern. Memo replies are also organized directly with the most important information first.

25 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 25 Request Memo “Before” Version

26 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 26 DATE: Current TO: Kim Johnson, Corporate Communications FROM: Tim Rudolph, CEO SUBJECT: NEW POLICY This memo is written to inform you that I continue to receive disturbing reports about the misuse of by employees. In the course of the past three months I have heard of defamatory messages, downloads of pornography for all the staff to see, and even a basketball pool that turned into a gambling operation. DATE: Current TO: Kim Johnson, Corporate Communications FROM: Tim Rudolph, CEO SUBJECT: NEW POLICY This memo is written to inform you that I continue to receive disturbing reports about the misuse of by employees. In the course of the past three months I have heard of defamatory messages, downloads of pornography for all the staff to see, and even a basketball pool that turned into a gambling operation. Request Memo: “Before” Version

27 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 27 In view of the foregoing, I am herewith instructing your office that an policy for the staff is needed. By October 1 a rough draft of a policy should be forthcoming. At the very minimum it should inform each and every employee that is for business only. Employees must be told that we reserve the right to monitor all messages. No pictures should be in the system without there being a valid reason. And we should not be using to be saying anything about personnel matters--such as performance reviews and salaries. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to call. In view of the foregoing, I am herewith instructing your office that an policy for the staff is needed. By October 1 a rough draft of a policy should be forthcoming. At the very minimum it should inform each and every employee that is for business only. Employees must be told that we reserve the right to monitor all messages. No pictures should be in the system without there being a valid reason. And we should not be using to be saying anything about personnel matters--such as performance reviews and salaries. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to call. Request Memo: “Before” Version

28 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 28 Request Memo “After” Version

29 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 29 DATE:Current TO:Kim Johnson, Corporate Communications FROM:Tim Rudolph, CEO SUBJECT:DEVELOPING STAFF POLICY Please draft a policy outlining appropriate use for employees. We need such a policy because I have received reports of misuse including defamatory statements, pornography downloads, and even gambling. Here are a few points that the policy should cover: is for business only. DATE:Current TO:Kim Johnson, Corporate Communications FROM:Tim Rudolph, CEO SUBJECT:DEVELOPING STAFF POLICY Please draft a policy outlining appropriate use for employees. We need such a policy because I have received reports of misuse including defamatory statements, pornography downloads, and even gambling. Here are a few points that the policy should cover: is for business only. Request Memo: “After” Version

30 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 30 messages may be monitored. No pictures or other attachments should be sent without valid reason. should not be used to discuss personnel matters. Please submit a draft to me by October 1 since we hope to have a policy completed by November 1. Call if you have questions. messages may be monitored. No pictures or other attachments should be sent without valid reason. should not be used to discuss personnel matters. Please submit a draft to me by October 1 since we hope to have a policy completed by November 1. Call if you have questions. Request Memo: “After” Version

31 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 31 Confirmation Memos Also called “to-file” reports or “incident” reports. Record oral decisions, directives, and discussions. Include names and titles of people involved. Itemize major issues and request confirmation from the receiver.

32 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 32 Graphic Highlighting Techniques

33 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 33 Graphic Highlighting Techniques Activity 8.3a Enumerated List A recent survey of car buyers revealed the electronic options they wanted: 1. Cruise control79.1% 2. Antilock brakes Keyless entry CD player Trip counter 5.1 A recent survey of car buyers revealed the electronic options they wanted: 1. Cruise control79.1% 2. Antilock brakes Keyless entry CD player Trip counter 5.1

34 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 34 Graphic Highlighting Techniques Activity 8.3b Bulleted List Our employee leasing program can be an efficient management tool because we handle the following tasks for you: Payroll preparation Employees’ benefits Worker’s compensation premiums State and federal reports Our employee leasing program can be an efficient management tool because we handle the following tasks for you: Payroll preparation Employees’ benefits Worker’s compensation premiums State and federal reports

35 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 35 Graphic Highlighting Techniques Activity 8.3c Enumerated List SAFETY TIPS FOR USING ATMs 1. Be aware of your surroundings, especially at night. 2. Use another ATM or come back later if you notice anything suspicious. 3. Put cash away promptly; count it later. 4. At night take a friend with you. 5. Park in a well-lighted area close to the ATM. SAFETY TIPS FOR USING ATMs 1. Be aware of your surroundings, especially at night. 2. Use another ATM or come back later if you notice anything suspicious. 3. Put cash away promptly; count it later. 4. At night take a friend with you. 5. Park in a well-lighted area close to the ATM.

36 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 36 The phenomenal growth of and use of the Internet mean that today’s communicators need special skills. Communicating in the New World of

37 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 37 Communicating in the New World of To succeed, you must be able to: Express yourself concisely and quickly. Compose at the keyboard. Understand the ethics, courtesy, and privacy issues relating to e- mail.

38 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 38 Communicating in the New World of Develop confidence in using systems. Think globally.

39 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 39 Smart Practices Get the addresses right. Avoid misleading subject lines. Be concise. Don’t send anything you wouldn’t want published. Don’t use to avoid contact. Never respond when you’re angry.

40 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 40 Smart Practices Care about correctness. Resist humor and tongue-in-cheek comments. Use design elements to improve readability of longer messages. Consider cultural differences. Assume that all business is monitored.

41 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 41 The Six Most Common Mistakes in Sending 1. Address goofs 2. Lengthy messages or attachments 3. Misleading subject lines 4. Inappropriate content (such as delivering bad news)

42 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 42 The Six Most Common Mistakes in Sending 5. Instant indiscretions (angry or thoughtless statements) 6. Reckless copying

43 Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Ch. 8, Slide 43 End


Download ppt "Chapter 8 Routine E-Mail Messages and Memos Mary Ellen Guffey, Business Communication: Process and Product, 4e Copyright © 2003."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google