Presentation on theme: "Child Education outcomes of living in an AIDS-affected home OVC in Africa Conference, November 2010 Dr Lucie Cluver, Oxford University Professor Mark Orkin,"— Presentation transcript:
Child Education outcomes of living in an AIDS-affected home OVC in Africa Conference, November 2010 Dr Lucie Cluver, Oxford University Professor Mark Orkin, Education Policy Unit, University of Witwatersrand Professor Frances Gardner, Oxford University
The Nuffield Foundation Funders The Economic & Social Research Council The National Research Foundation HEARD, University of Kwa-Zulu Natal The John Fell Fund The Claude Leon Foundation
Collaborative research: Science to inform Policy Young Carers Project Orphan longitudinal Project Universities: Oxford, Wits, UCT, UKZN NACCA, NGOs e.g. UNICEF, USAID, Save the Children Teen Advisory Group
Evidence: AIDS-affected children and education Lower enrollment for all orphans (Case, 2004, Operario et al, 2008, Case & Ardington 2006, Monasch & Boerma 1997, Bicego et al, 2003, Guarcello et al, 2003, Nyamukapa & Gregson 2005, Birdthistle et al, 2009) Lower enrollment in homes with any sickness (Gray, 2006) Qualitative studies of school problems for children with AIDS-sick carers (Robson et al, 2000, Skovdal et al, 2010, Clacherty et al 2010)
Orphanhood and education affordability (p<.05) (p<.001) Enrolled in school less (p<.01)Equal Attending every day less (p<.01)Equal (all 2009)
Carer AIDS-sickness and education access (2009) Healthy carer Other- sick carer AIDS-sick carer Not enrolled --More (p<.05) Missed 1+ days last week --More (p<.05) Missed 1+ weeks this year --More (p<.005) Concentrat ion problems --More (p<.001) (multiple regression controlling for age, gender, household type etc)
Carer AIDS-sickness and non-enrollment (log-linear modelling) Non- enrolment Carer AIDS- sickness Gender Psychological distress Care work Poverty ‘At school when other scholars are eating I just fold my arms, or I ask them for food because we don’t have money to buy food now that my mother cannot work’ (Girl, 13, rural)
Carer AIDS-sickness and non-attendance (log-linear modelling) Non- attendance Carer AIDS- sickness Poverty Gender Psychological disorder Care work
Carer AIDS-sickness and concentration problems (log-linear modelling) ‘I don’t concentrate in school. I am worried about my mother. She looks like she is going to die like my father’ (Boy, 12, rural) Concentration problems Carer AIDS- sickness Gender Poverty Psychological disorder Care work
Carer AIDS-sickness and concentration problems (log-linear modelling) ‘There are times I can’t hear clearly because I think about her, how she is doing, whether she is eating her tablets….’ (boy, 20, rural),
Do problems differ by gender?
Policy Implications AIDS-orphaned children have financial problems with school unable to pay fees, buy uniform, buy equipment Children with AIDS-sick carers have other problems with school psychological distress caring responsibilities financial problems Approaches which may be helpful: Alerting educators and schools Fees and uniform support/free schools School feeding schemes Psychosocial support for children in AIDS-affected homes Flexible timetables for Young Carers?
Science for programming Oxford University Cape Town Child Welfare What additional questions would be helpful to ask, for further analysis? How else can we improve this research? What work is happening? Would you like new findings?