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Invisible Children Private Fostering, Children at Work, Elective Home Education & Children Missing School Sutton LSCB Annual Conference 4 th November 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Invisible Children Private Fostering, Children at Work, Elective Home Education & Children Missing School Sutton LSCB Annual Conference 4 th November 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Invisible Children Private Fostering, Children at Work, Elective Home Education & Children Missing School Sutton LSCB Annual Conference 4 th November 2011 Paul Sharma Head of Service Child Protection & Safeguarding LB Sutton

2 Definition: A child under 16 years (18 years if disabled) who lives with someone who is: not a close relative; and for more than 28 days Invisible Children – Private Fostering

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4 Usually children living away from home: sent to UK for education temporarily estranged adolescents some unaccompanied asylum seeking children children at language schools pupils in non-maintained schools living at school for 2+ wks in a vacation some children brought to UK for adoption Invisible Children – Private Fostering

5 Relatives are: grandparents siblings step-parents (married) aunts & uncles (by blood or affiliation) other persons with parental responsibility (PR) Invisible Children – Private Fostering

6 Children not privately fostered: living with a close relative looked after by local authority (‘in care’) legally placed for adoption (NB - private adoption is illegal) long stay hospital (but hospital must notify local authority if 3+ mths) Invisible Children – Private Fostering

7 Why should we be worried? Trafficking Sexual exploitation Domestic servitude Abuse Financial Exploitation Invisible Children – Private Fostering

8 What should happen: Private foster carer must tell LA at least 6 wks before placement (immediately if less than 6 wks or child already there) Parent/carer must tell LA of intention to place child with private foster carer If child moves, within 48 hrs private foster carer & parent must inform LA who is caring for child Failure to notify is a criminal act Invisible Children – Private Fostering

9 What should you do? Tell private foster carer (& parent) to inform Children’s Social Services Tell private foster carer (& parent) you will inform Children’s Social Services Inform Children’s Social Services (confirm in writing) Applies to actual & suspected private fostering or private adoption Invisible Children – Private Fostering

10 Assessment of suitability Concerns Requirements Disqualification Invisible Children – Private Fostering

11 Sutton:07/08 – 11 08/09 – 11 09/10 – 6 10/11 – 5 National:07/08 – 1,330 08/09 – 1,530 09/10 – 1,590 10/11 – 1,649 Invisible Children – Private Fostering

12 So……..if you are aware of any child who does not live with a parent you should consult the local authority Private Fostering Designated Officer…..and that’s me! Invisible Children – Private Fostering

13 Invisible Children – Children at Work

14 All children under school leaving age Children under 14 prohibited Children only limited hours –School time –Term-time –Holidays –Sundays Some work prohibited Employer must have a Permit Invisible Children – Children at Work

15 Prohibited work: –Activity & Location –Gambling –Alcohol sales –Entertainment settings (e.g. front of house in theatre) incl amusement arcades & fairgrounds –Door to door –Street trading –Ships Invisible Children – Children at Work

16 Permits: –within 1 week –employer name & address –child’s name, address & dob –hours & days –occupation, task & place –parent statement that child is fit & parent agrees –school –risk assessment Invisible Children – Children at Work

17 Contact: Carol Clarke, Child Employment and Licensing Officer Invisible Children – Children at Work

18 “Education is compulsory, school is not” –“Efficient & Suitable” –no duty on parent to notify LA (unless SEN) & no need for permission –no need for curriculum –no need for timetable or terms –can withdraw at any time –intervention if “appears” not suitable Invisible Children – Elective Home Education

19 Why? –Belief in elective home education (23%) –Dissatisfaction with school (31%) –School refusal –Bullying –Medical reasons Invisible Children – Elective Home Education

20 What can be offered: –Annual visit –Provision of evidence –Assessment of evidence Invisible Children – Elective Home Education

21 How many in Sutton? –88 from 69 families –9 where concern about suitability –8 SEN –22 primary –66 secondary –54 male / 34 female Invisible Children – Elective Home Education

22 Contact: Borough School Attendance Service Invisible Children – Elective Home Education

23 Elective home education Withdrawn by parent Truancy Excluded Moved to another area Invisible Children – Children missing school

24 Truancy –BSAS intervene if attendance causes concern –NB – increasing no. of schools do not purchase BSAS –Intervention & support with family –Truancy work (e.g. patrols) –“Missing” children Invisible Children – Children missing school

25 Excluded –Regulatory Framework –Must tell parent –Must have date for return –Max 45 days in one school year –After that – permanent –But……good practice…… Invisible Children – Children missing school

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27 Move to another area –No requirement on parent to tell school of next school –No requirement for school to identify next school –Government manages database (s2s) –But……good practice…… Invisible Children – Children missing school


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