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From the Puente in the Caribbean Program to the Inter-American Social Protection Network Francisco Pilotti, Director Department of Social Development and.

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Presentation on theme: "From the Puente in the Caribbean Program to the Inter-American Social Protection Network Francisco Pilotti, Director Department of Social Development and."— Presentation transcript:

1 From the Puente in the Caribbean Program to the Inter-American Social Protection Network Francisco Pilotti, Director Department of Social Development and Employment St. Michael, January 19-20, 2011

2 Puente in the Caribbean: Overview BackgroundContent Training Methodology

3 BACKGROUND

4 Mandates Mandates Millennium Development Goal No. 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger IV Summit of the Americas: Identify and exchange, within the framework of the OAS, practices in the region regarding policies and programs to confront poverty. Identify and exchange, within the framework of the OAS, practices in the region regarding policies and programs to confront poverty. I Meeting of Ministers and High-Level Authorities of Social Development Foster the establishment of an Inter-American Social Protection Network Foster the establishment of an Inter-American Social Protection Network V Summit of the Americas Create an Inter-American Social Protection Network Create an Inter-American Social Protection Network II Meeting of Ministers and High-Level Authorities of Social Development

5 Program Selection Criteria Effective reduction of extreme poverty Effective reduction of inequality Effective targeting aimed at the poorest Consolidated programs

6 Conditional Cash Transfers They meet the established criteria They attack the reproduction of intergenerational poverty The family as a unit of intervention: delivery of integrated services Participation of local governments Empowerment of citizens User satisfaction

7 CCTs: How Do They Work Cash Transfers to Poor Families: -Targeted to the poor - Benefits set to maximize positive incentives - Paid to women Co-responsibilities for beneficiaries: - Regular school attendance - Health care - Vaccinations - Pre- and post-natal visits - Regular check-ups - Participate in seminars/ nutrition education

8 Immediate alleviation of household poverty Increased Consumption levels Cash Transfer Program School attendance Preventive health Investment in children’s human capital Nutrition Reduction of poverty across generations Conditions Basic CCT Logic

9 CCTs are found in 18 LAC countries and cover 25 million families (approx. 113 million persons) PaísProgramaDuración Argentina Asignación Universal por Hijo para Protección Social Bolivia (Estado plurinacional de) Bono Juancito Pinto / Bono Juana Azurduy de Padilla / Brasil Bolsa Família Chile Chile Solidario Colombia Familias en Acción Costa Rica Avancemos2006- Ecuador Bono de Desarrollo Humano El Salvador Comunidades Solidarias (ex-Red Solidaria) Guatemala Mi Familia Progresa HondurasPRAF1990- Jamaica Programme of Advancement Through Health and Education (PATH) México Oportunidades (Ex-PROGRESA) Panamá Red de Oportunidades ParaguayTekoporâ2005- PerúJuntos2005- República Dominicana Solidaridad2005- Trinidad y Tobago Conditional Cash Transfer Programme (CCTP) Uruguay Asignaciones Familiares 2008-

10 Investment in CCTs average 0,40% of regional GDP Fuente: Elaboración propia, sobre la base de CEPAL, División de Desarrollo Social, Base de datos de programas de asistencia social. LAC (18 COUNTRIES): CCT EXPENDITURE CIRCA 2010 (As a percentage of GDP)

11 CCTs cover 19% of the region’s population Fuente: Elaboración propia, sobre la base de CEPAL, División de Desarrollo Social, Base de datos de programas de asistencia social. LAC (18 COUNTRIES): CCT COVERAGE, CIRCA 2009 (As a percentage of total population)

12 CCTs and Social Policy CCTs are not a panacea against social exclusion. Their limitations should be recognized and addressed by focusing on more comprehensive social policy reforms that include, but are not limited to, CCT programs. CCTs may not be appropriate in some settings. CCTs’ effectiveness may increase by strengthening links to the labor market

13 The Puente Program Established in 2002, the Program focuses on the family as the unit of intervention. During 24 months, Puente seeks to empower the family in order to improve its quality of life in seven dimensions: Health Education Civil Registry (Identification) Housing Employment Family Dynamics Income Generation

14 Strategic Alliance Chile – OAS - Caribbean OAS Chile: FOSIS - MIDEPLAN Trinidad & Tobago: Ministry of Social Development, St. Lucia: Ministry of Social Transformation and Poverty Reduction Fund Jamaica: Jamaica Social Investment Fund and the Ministry of Labor and Social Security Barbados: Ministry of Social Care, Constituency Empowerment and Community Development St. Kitts and Nevis: Ministry of Community Development, Culture and Gender Affairs Suriname: Ministry of Social Affairs and Housing St. Vincent and the Grenadines: Ministry of National Mobilization, Social Development, Youth and Sports

15 University of the West Indies CIDA – Canada Government of Chile World Bank United States Department of State People’s Republic of China Educational Portal of the Americas Strategic Alliance: Partners

16 Main Activities – Phase I 2007 Formation of task force Formation of task force Launching workshop, Kingston Launching workshop, Kingston Website Website Internship, Chile Internship, Chile National work plans National work plans2008 Monitoring by FOSIS tutors in the Caribbean Monitoring by FOSIS tutors in the Caribbean Evaluation of achievements, Trinidad and Tobago, September Evaluation of achievements, Trinidad and Tobago, September Results presented at Conference for CARICOM countries, September Results presented at Conference for CARICOM countries, September Incorporation of 4 new countries into the Program Incorporation of 4 new countries into the Program

17 Outcomes - Phase I Trinidad and Tobago: STEP - UP Jamaica: BRIDGE St. Lucia: KOUDEMAIN

18 Main Activities – Phase II 2009 St Lucia: Preparatory workshop for 4 new countries St Lucia: Preparatory workshop for 4 new countries Chile: Internship Chile: Internship2010 Launch of virtual forum Launch of virtual forum OAS monitoring visit to 4 countries OAS monitoring visit to 4 countries Training materials Training materials Chilean tutors visit 4 countries Chilean tutors visit 4 countries Barbados meeting: the way forward Barbados meeting: the way forward

19 CONTENT

20 The Puente Approach The Puente Approach Psychosocial Support and Subsidies Families in extreme poverty Autonomous families with access to protection networks Follow-Up 24 months Toolkit: what’s inside? Can the contents be shared?

21 Unpacking the Contents of the Toolkit: Critical Transference Unpacking the Contents of the Toolkit: Critical Transference Institutional Framework Political and Policy Dimensions Targeting Techniques Family Intervention Techniques

22 Theoretical Underpinnings Social Protection and Social Risk Management Human Capital and Social Capital Ecological Approach to Child and Family Welfare Rights Based Approach to Social Policy

23 TRAINING METHODOLOGY

24 Capacity Building CAPACITY: The emerging combination of individual competencies, collective capabilities, assets and relationships that enables a system to create value

25 Input: Training Output: Learning Outcome: Changes in the Workplace Impact: Enhanced Institutional Capacity Knowledge – Learning - Application Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening

26 Puente’s Approach to Capacity Building WorkshopsInternships Virtual Forum Tutoring WorkPlan Strategy – Implementation - Assessment Operations Manual

27 Capacity Building Through Communities of Practice A group of persons that share a set of issues and problems, and who deepen their knowledge and expertise in this area by interacting on an ongoing basis. Interaction allows: joint learning, social relations, sense of belonging and collective commitment Communities create value for their members

28 Inter-American Social Protection Network (IASPN) “Exchanging experiences, expanding opportunities”

29 Inter-American Social Protection Network (IASPN) Launch of the IASPN September 22, 2009 – New York City V Summit of the Americas April 17 – 19, 2009 Port of Spain

30 What is the IASPN? A community of practice for national social development ministries and agencies to promote the exchange and transfer of experiences and knowledge on social protection, in collaboration with international organizations, non- governmental organizations, private sector and academia.

31 General Objectives Promote inter-American cooperation mechanisms for the exchange and transfer of social protection best practices and experiences. Strengthen the institutional capacity of national social development ministries and agencies in formulating and implementing social protection policies and programs. Bring together key actors and institutions throughout the region to engage in agenda-setting dialogue on social protection. Generate a community of practice of policy-makers and practitioners through a knowledge and learning network.

32 IASPN: Structure and Composition

33 IASPN Political Process: Timeline Social Development Ministerial 2008 V Summit 2009 NYC 2009 Social Development Ministerial 2010 VI Summit/Soc ial Developmen t Ministerial 2012

34 IASPN Technical process: Timeline NYC 2009 Virtual tools Core cooperation network Social Developme nt/Emloyme nt Inter- ministerial CARICO M JSWG Inter- Agency Mexico 2011 Cooperation


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