Presentation on theme: "Containing: 5 Chapters 108 Verses Written: Late 60’s AD."— Presentation transcript:
Containing: 5 Chapters 108 Verses Written: Late 60’s AD
So who was James??
So who was James??
Mk 3:14 Then He appointed twelve, that they might be with Him and that He might send them out to preach, 15 and to have power to heal sicknesses and to cast out demons: 16 Simon, to whom He gave the name Peter; 17 James the son of Zebedee and John the brother of James, to whom He gave the name Boanerges, that is, "Sons of Thunder"; 18 Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus, Simon the Cananite; 19 and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him. And they went into a house.
Mt 13:54 And when He had come to His own country, He taught them in their synagogue, so that they were astonished and said, "Where did this Man get this wisdom and these mighty works? 55 "Is this not the carpenter’s son? Is not His mother called Mary? And His brothers James, Joses, Simon, and Judas? 56 "And His sisters, are they not all with us? Where then did this Man get all these things?"
3 James 1)James (John’s Brother, Son of Zebedee) 2) James (Apostle, son of Alpheus) 3) James (Jesus’ half-brother)
What happened to them? (~ 44AD) 1) Acts 12:1 Now about that time Herod the king stretched out his hand to harass some from the church. Then he killed James the brother of John with the sword 17 James the son of Zebedee and John the brother of James)(Mk 3:17 James the son of Zebedee and John the brother of James)
~ 63 Ad 2) James, the son of Alpheus Eusebius (Ecclesiastical history 2,23) Martyred at Passover Set on Temple Pinnacle “Which is the door of Jesus?” “Why do you ask me concerning Jesus the Son of Man? He sits at the right hand of power and will come again on the clouds of Heaven” “Hosanna to the Son of David” Cast Down Headlong “Father forgive them, they know not what they do.”
3) James, Jesus’ half brother “For even His brothers did not believe in Him.” (Joh 7:5 NKJV) “These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with His brothers.” (Ac 1:14 NKJV) “But I saw none of the other apostles except James, the Lord’s brother.” (Ga 1:19 NKJV) - “ for before certain men came from James, he would eat with the Gentiles; but when they came, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing those who were of the circumcision.” (Ga 2:12 NKJV) Josephus (Antiquities 20) “…assembled the Sanhedren and brought them before the brother of Jesus, who is called the Christ, whose name was James, and some of his companions…and delivered them to be stoned…” (~ 63-64 AD) Remains in Jerusalem until removal in 70 AD
James, the Lord’s Brother? (well, half-brother) (Jude 1:1 Jude, a bondservant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James,..) (Mt 13: 55 "Is this not the carpenter’s son? Is not His mother called Mary? And His brothers James, Joses, Simon, and Judas?)
1:1 James, a bondservant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ,
So, who are the recipients?
“James, a bondservant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, To the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad: Greetings.” (Jas 1:1 NKJV) “Tais dwdeka fulais tais en th diaspora”
Brothers (15x) Jas 1:2 My brethren, count it all joy when you fall into various trials, Jas 1:16 Do not be deceived, my beloved brethren. Jas 1:19 So then, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath; Jas 2:1 My brethren, do not hold the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory, with partiality. Jas 2:5 Listen, my beloved brethren: Has God not chosen the poor of this world to be rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom which He promised to those who love Him? Jas 2:14 What does it profit, my brethren, if someone says he has faith but does not have works? Can faith save him? Jas 3:1 My brethren, let not many of you become teachers, knowing that we shall receive a stricter judgment. Jas 3:10 Out of the same mouth proceed blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not to be so. Jas 3:12 Can a fig tree, my brethren, bear olives, or a grapevine bear figs? Thus no spring yields both salt water and fresh. Jas 4:11 Do not speak evil of one another, brethren. He who speaks evil of a brother and judges his brother, speaks evil of the law and judges the law. But if you judge the law, you are not a doer of the law but a judge. Jas 5:7 Therefore be patient, brethren, until the coming of the Lord. See how the farmer waits for the precious fruit of the earth, waiting patiently for it until it receives the early and latter rain. Jas 5:9 Do not grumble against one another, brethren, lest you be condemned. Behold, the Judge is standing at the door! Jas 5:10 My brethren, take the prophets, who spoke in the name of the Lord, as an example of suffering and patience. Jas 5:12 But above all, my brethren, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or with any other oath. But let your "Yes," be "Yes," and your "No," "No," lest you fall into judgment. Jas 5:19 Brethren, if anyone among you wanders from the truth, and someone turns him back,
The Recipients have issues (don’t we all)
1:2 “My brethren, count it all joy when you fall into various trials,..”
1:13 - 17 Let no one say when he is tempted, "I am tempted by God"; for God cannot be tempted by evil, nor does He Himself tempt anyone.
2:1-13 “My brethren, do not hold the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory, with partiality…” 5:1 – 6 “Come now, you rich, weep and howl for your miseries that are coming upon you!..”
1:19 ¶ So then, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath; 2:12 So speak and so do as those who will be judged by the law of liberty. 3:2 For we all stumble in many things. If anyone does not stumble in word, he is a perfect man, able also to bridle the whole body. 3:8 But no man can tame the tongue. It is an unruly evil, full of deadly poison. 3:10 Out of the same mouth proceed blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not to be so. 4:16 But now you boast in your arrogance. All such boasting is evil. 5:9 Do not grumble against one another, brethren, lest you be condemned. Behold, the Judge is standing at the door! 5:12 ¶ But above all, my brethren, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or with any other oath. But let your "Yes," be "Yes," and your "No," "No," lest you fall into judgment.
3:6 And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity. The tongue is so set among our members that it defiles the whole body, and sets on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire by hell.
3:5 Even so the tongue is a little member and boasts great things. See how great a forest a little fire kindles!
2:14 What does it profit, my brethren, if someone says he has faith but does not have works? Can faith save him? 15 If a brother or sister is naked and destitute of daily food, 16 and one of you says to them, "Depart in peace, be warmed and filled," but you do not give them the things which are needed for the body, what does it profit? 17 Thus also faith by itself, if it does not have works, is dead. :26 For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.
The Book Of James Considered so controversial : “An Epistle of Straw”
The Irony of “Philosophy”
Acts 17:18 Then certain Epicurean and Stoic philosophers encountered him. And some said, "What does this babbler want to say?" Others said, "He seems to be a proclaimer of foreign gods," because he preached to them Jesus and the resurrection. 19 And they took him and brought him to the Areopagus, saying, "May we know what this new doctrine is of which you speak? 20 "For you are bringing some strange things to our ears. Therefore we want to know what these things mean." 21 For all the Athenians and the foreigners who were there spent their time in nothing else but either to tell or to hear some new thing.
1:22 “…But be doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves….”