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Chapter 8 The United States Section 1-History and Culture page 165 A) History I. American Indian ancestors came 14,000 years ago. I.Land bridge or by sea-

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 8 The United States Section 1-History and Culture page 165 A) History I. American Indian ancestors came 14,000 years ago. I.Land bridge or by sea-"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 8 The United States Section 1-History and Culture page 165 A) History I. American Indian ancestors came 14,000 years ago. I.Land bridge or by sea- still debated (Ice-Age + Bering Strait = Bering Land Bridge) II. Explores from Europe I.Spanish 500 years ago (claim Florida-California) II.English settle along east coast III.French –Louisiana purchase = Missouri I. They explored the interior of North America- mapped rivers

2 Places-Names in the U.S Names throughout U.S. reflect local inhabitants…American Indians Names throughout U.S. reflect local inhabitants…American Indians ExamplesExamples Alapachee Tribe = Appalachian Mountain range Alapachee Tribe = Appalachian Mountain range Algonquin world for great river is Mississippi Algonquin world for great river is Mississippi Alaska, Arizona, Kansas, Nebraska, North and South Dakota Alaska, Arizona, Kansas, Nebraska, North and South Dakota Spanish Spanish Southwest region (dry + hot =settlement by rivers)Southwest region (dry + hot =settlement by rivers) Forts and Mission towns (convert local people)Forts and Mission towns (convert local people) French French Great lakes and MidwestGreat lakes and Midwest Trappers- St. Louis Trappers- St. Louis French names along this region (N’ Orleans, Dubuque, and DetroitFrench names along this region (N’ Orleans, Dubuque, and Detroit English English East coastEast coast Charleston, Richmond, and New YorkCharleston, Richmond, and New York

3 Colonial History Colonial History 1600’s Europe ( Dutch, Germans, British) 1600’s Europe ( Dutch, Germans, British) Great Britain-1600’s- east coast -13 colonies Great Britain-1600’s- east coast -13 colonies colony - territory controlled by people from a foreign land.colony - territory controlled by people from a foreign land. Located near ports/harbors and riversLocated near ports/harbors and rivers EconomiesEconomies Slavery Slavery South –cotton and tobacco South –cotton and tobacco North- trade centers, ship building, fishing North- trade centers, ship building, fishing

4 E. Independence and Westward Expansion E. Independence and Westward Expansion July 4, 1776-U.S. declares independence July 4, 1776-U.S. declares independence Federal system-power divided among local, state and federal gov. Federal system-power divided among local, state and federal gov. System of checks and balancesSystem of checks and balances Federal Republic Federal Republic Power with the peoplePower with the people

5 Manifest destiny- movement west to civilize Better farmland Gold rush 1848 Plains between Mississippi River and Rocky Mountains =Great desert ( to dry to farm) Gov gave away or sold cheap Indian Wars

6 F. Economic Development F. Economic Development By 1830-Idustrializing By 1830-Idustrializing south had an export economy south had an export economy grew tobacco and cotton on plantations- large farms producing one cropgrew tobacco and cotton on plantations- large farms producing one crop Slave labor Slave labor Economic differences and secession led to Civil War (1861-1865) Economic differences and secession led to Civil War (1861-1865) Railroad expansion 1869 connecting the coast Railroad expansion 1869 connecting the coast Easier to move goodsEasier to move goods Cities develop far from waterCities develop far from water Agricultural advancement Agricultural advancement more food fewer workers neededmore food fewer workers needed Great American desert- irrigationGreat American desert- irrigation Industry developed Industry developed Attract people to citiesAttract people to cities Rural areas Rural areas Immigrants Immigrants 1920’s more in cities than rural 1920’s more in cities than rural The 1900’s The 1900’s 1914-1918-WWI 1914-1918-WWI 1930’s-Great Depression 1930’s-Great Depression 1939-1945-WWII 1939-1945-WWII Cold War-post WWII Cold War-post WWII

7 Culture mixing Pot mixing Pot 99% of Americans are immigrants or descendants of immigrant 99% of Americans are immigrants or descendants of immigrant 1% are American Indian1% are American Indian 12% traced to Africa12% traced to Africa Most can trace to EuropeMost can trace to Europe Spanish fast growing nowSpanish fast growing now No official language…English is main language while Spanish isn’t far behind (bilingual- more than one language) No official language…English is main language while Spanish isn’t far behind (bilingual- more than one language)

8 Religion Religion More than 1,200 More than 1,200 More than half are Protestant Christian More than half are Protestant Christian 25% are Roman Catholic 25% are Roman Catholic 3. 6 million Jewish Americans 3. 6 million Jewish Americans

9 Settlement and land use Pop is centered in the Northeast region Pop is centered in the Northeast region First region of settlement by the EuropeansFirst region of settlement by the Europeans Rust belt – IndustryRust belt – Industry Settlers move westSettlers move west NowNow People are moving to southwest sunbelt People are moving to southwest sunbelt Decline of industry in rust belt Decline of industry in rust belt Most populated urbanMost populated urban Least rural farmland, mountain and desert areasLeast rural farmland, mountain and desert areas

10 Education Education 1. High standard of living 1. High standard of living 2. k-12 public education is free-80% grad HS 2. k-12 public education is free-80% grad HS 3. More than 3,000 colleges-best in world 3. More than 3,000 colleges-best in world 4. Harvard, Princeton, Yale, Columbia 4. Harvard, Princeton, Yale, Columbia

11 The Arts, Customs and Traditions Pioneered motion pictures-Hollywood our royalty Pioneered motion pictures-Hollywood our royalty 1 st to build skyscrapers…Chicago…Home Insurance Building…10 stories high. 1 st to build skyscrapers…Chicago…Home Insurance Building…10 stories high. Edgar Allan Poe, Mark Twain, Emily Dickinson, Ernest Hemingway, Maya Angelou Edgar Allan Poe, Mark Twain, Emily Dickinson, Ernest Hemingway, Maya Angelou Jazz created from blending of African and European music Jazz created from blending of African and European music

12 E. Country, rock ‘n’ roll, rap E. Country, rock ‘n’ roll, rap F. Major influence on globalization and cultural diffusion F. Major influence on globalization and cultural diffusion G. Holidays include Christmas, Easter, Independence Day G. Holidays include Christmas, Easter, Independence Day H. Americans love all kinds of sports H. Americans love all kinds of sports

13 Section 2 Regions of the U.S. I. The Northeast A. 1/5 of country’s population-smallest B. Megalopolis-group of cities combined to form one large, built up area (Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, D.C.) C. Industrialized-started producing textiles, produced steel- used running water to create first factories. C. Industrialized-started producing textiles, produced steel- used running water to create first factories.

14 D. Manufacturing started to decline in the late 1990’s…rust belt E. Cultures 1. Until Mid 1960’s-mostly Greek, Irish, and Italian (Europe) 2. Since then, many immigrants from Asia and Latin America have moved in 3. Immigrants bring different cultures 3. Immigrants bring different cultures

15 F. Cities 1. New York City is largest metropolitan area in U.S. More than 20 million live in area. 2. Leading center of commerce, banking, advertising, fashion and media 3. Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore(port cities), D.C. (capital- district of Columbia –not a state)

16 II. The Midwest-smaller than northeast A. Major farming region, leading producer of industrial goods-connected by rivers, highways, great lakes B. Settlers moved here during 1800s. C. Agriculture 1. Most of land is arable-fit for growing crops 1. Most of land is arable-fit for growing crops 2. Nebraska to Ohio (Corn Belt) 2. Nebraska to Ohio (Corn Belt) 3. Soybeans used to make margarine, vegetable oil, and bean curd 3. Soybeans used to make margarine, vegetable oil, and bean curd D. Other things- http://www.bellaonline.com/articles/art51655.asp http://www.bellaonline.com/articles/art51655.asp

17 4. Dairy Belt - Wisconsin, Minnesota and Michigan 4. Dairy Belt - Wisconsin, Minnesota and Michigan 5. Wisconsin-butter, cheese 5. Wisconsin-butter, cheese E. Cities 1. Chicago is largest city in Midwest with major port on Lake Michigan. 2. Major railroad hub, major airport (O’Hare) 3. Cleveland, Detroit, Milwaukee, Toledo- along great lakes

18 4. Detroit (Motor City)- cars 4. Detroit (Motor City)- cars 5. Minneapolis and St. Paul (twin cities) are major distribution centers in upper Midwest. 5. Minneapolis and St. Paul (twin cities) are major distribution centers in upper Midwest. 6. St. Louis is a major shipping and transportation center. 6. St. Louis is a major shipping and transportation center. Detroit

19 III. The South ( Virginia –Texas ) A. More than 30% of population B. Once agricultural- economy destroyed C. Lacked industries and railroads after Civil War D. Industry has settled back into the region with new labor from the Caribbean, Mexico and other areas of Latin America.

20 E. Economy- cheap land more lenient laws 1. Lumber, cotton, tobacco, old geezers 2. Cotton helps large textile industry in the Piedmont region. 3. Texas and Louisiana - producers of mineral and energy resources 4. High-tech and aerospace industries have moved into area

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23 5. Foreign automobile makers-BMW, Mercedes, Nissan, Toyota, Honda, Volkswagen, Hyundai, Kia 6. Large banks 7. Biotechnology http://www.gabio.org/attachments/3/pr/PR10122006102556. pdf http://www.gabio.org/attachments/3/pr/PR10122006102556. pdf 8. Tourism very big…lots of old people

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25 F. Cities 1. Dallas-Ft. Worth area is largest-railroad shipping stop for cattle and cotton 2. Other cities include Houston (2 nd largest area), Atlanta, Miami and New Orleans

26 IV. West A. Large and sparsely populated B. Dry and rugged- hard to live in C. Interior West-west of Rockies 1. Wheat Belt - Montana to Texas 2. Irrigation water comes from Ogallala Aquifer

27 3. Mining of gold, silver, copper, lead 4. Skiing, Vegas, Glacier, Grand Canyon, Grand Teton and Yellowstone National Parks, Mount Rushmore Hey, Frank, let’s put a resort in a desert in the middle of nowhere! Brilliant Idea!

28 D. The Pacific States 1. Add military to productive industries like farming and film. 2. Aircraft industries in Seattle-Boeing. 3. Farmers use 80% of water supply fight with residents 4. Silicon Valley- just south of San Francisco ( leader in computer technology)

29 5. 1867- Alaska purchased - biggest commodities include fish and oil 6. Hawaii became state in 1959 7. Sugarcane, military, pineapples and tourism and …

30 E. Cities 1. Los Angeles- started in 1781 as Spanish settlement 2. 1913-new aqueduct connected to Sierra Nevada's brought in water *Colorado River Aqueduct added later 3. Industries include entertainment, oil refining, chemicals, and manufacturing 4. Smog issues (reaction between pollutants and sunlight) 5. San Francisco, Seattle, San Diego, Phoenix

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34 Section 3 I. Environmental Issues A. Largest consumer of energy B. Major polluter…New England suffers greatly from emissions from Ohio River Valley C. Midwest fertilizers drain out of Mississippi River-Dead Zone. Chemicals promote algae growth bacteria consume algae which reduces the amount of oxygen

35 D. Dams on Columbia and Snake rivers have hurt salmon migration E. Arizona and California are taking almost all of the Colorado Rivers’ water.

36 II. Natural Hazards A. Earthquakes in the West B. Flooding affects various places C. Tornadoes D. Hurricanes

37 III. Cities and Population A. Suburbanization has put strain on survival of cities B. Gentrification-young investors have been moving back to cities to purchase run down buildings and convert them to upscale lofts/homes

38 C. Changing population patterns have been source of conflict. Immigration is full of positives and negatives. What are they? IV. Economy and Trade A. U.S. is superpower-leader economically, politically and militarily

39 B. Usually operates with in trade deficit…value of exports is less than imports C. Once imposed tariffs, now more open to free trade D. NAFTA-started in 1994-good or bad? Got rid of some tariffs= free trade


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