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Africa Continental Overview & Current Issues. 2 nd Largest and populous continent 20% of Earth’s land 14.7% world’s population 54 “ states” - Sayre,

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Presentation on theme: "Africa Continental Overview & Current Issues. 2 nd Largest and populous continent 20% of Earth’s land 14.7% world’s population 54 “ states” - Sayre,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Africa Continental Overview & Current Issues

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3 2 nd Largest and populous continent 20% of Earth’s land 14.7% world’s population 54 “ states” - Sayre, April Pulley. (1999) Africa, Twenty-First Century Books. social_studies.cfm?subpage=347837

4 Lasting Impacts Slave Trade Scramble for Africa

5 Geography Largest country: Sudan Smallest country: Seychelles- collection of island on the east Smallest nation mainland: Gambia

6 Climate Tropical- subarctic N: desert S & C: plains & jungle/ rainforest

7 Ecology Deforestation: affecting Africa 2x world rate 90% West Africa’s forests gone

8 Major Human Rights Abusers Congo Sierra Leone Liberia Sudan Zimbabwe Cote d’Ivoire

9 Poorest & most underdeveloped Disease AIDS Corruption Failed planning Illiteracy Lack of capital Tribal & military conflict Why?

10 Population & Language Half or more under 25 yrs 1 billion people Over 1,000 languages English & French spoken in public shere

11 Religion Muslim- 45% Christian- 40% African Religions- less 15% * Few Judaic tradition - World Book Encyclopedia

12 Major Issues A Closer Look Sources for remaining slides: Steve Stowe & Food 4 Africa

13 Effects of AIDS Orphans Need for drugs to treat AIDS hurting economies Schools losing teachers to AIDS Children forced to drop out b/c family can’t pay for school Prime age dying Families forced to grow products with little nutrients, starvation Women forced into prostitution to feed families

14 Causes of major problems, including AIDS? Poverty, deforestation, overcrowding, drought, famine, revolts, tribal unrest, border wars, unemployment, flooding, lack of education, religious wars, slavery, corruption, disease

15 Factors bringing Africa together Urbanization & education 25% of pop in some countries live in cities– this breaks down tribal barriers

16 Factors tearing Africa apart Most people loyal to tribes Unemployment Tribal conflicts Corruption Education Lack of clean water & farmland Medical care & AIDS

17 Who and Why the Scramble for Africa in the late 1800s? Europe Industrial Revolution- raw materials Racism- Euro superior Religious- doing god’s work

18 Ways Euro kept colonies “peaceful” Divide & conquer Minority tribes in control Military Wipe out resisting villages Oppress workers Uneducated

19 Why so much conflict in Africa? Conflict traces back to Euro policies to keep Africa in “slavery” Education- lack how run a country & economy set up to support Euro economies Tribal divisions Many languages

20 Role & Value of Women in Africa Second class Primary labor force & responsible for domestic chores Education Marriage Sold in exchange for cattle

21 Universal Education Girls out of school in Africa is highest in world (about 23 million)

22 Need to Promote Gender Equality & Empower Women Could have greatest impact in reducing poverty, childhood diseases, and spread of AIDS

23 Child Mortality 30 yrs ago, 1:5 kids died before 5 yrs old Today, less than 1:10 Why? Vaccinations and basic health services

24 Extreme Poverty World produces enough food Prob: people in the developing world can’t get access to it Poverty= main cause of hunger

25 Interactive Map of Africa

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