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W23: February 3-7, 2013 Week 23. Monday, February 3 Turn in Homework WS ▫Keep Food Journal Correct and Complete Study Guide Packet Homework: ▫Chapter.

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Presentation on theme: "W23: February 3-7, 2013 Week 23. Monday, February 3 Turn in Homework WS ▫Keep Food Journal Correct and Complete Study Guide Packet Homework: ▫Chapter."— Presentation transcript:

1 W23: February 3-7, 2013 Week 23

2 Monday, February 3 Turn in Homework WS ▫Keep Food Journal Correct and Complete Study Guide Packet Homework: ▫Chapter Review WS ▫Olympic Preview of Countries

3 Tuesday, February 4 Powerpoint ▫Pacific South America – Physical Geography Homework: ▫Olympics WS Research

4 Chapter 11 Pg Ecuador Peru Bolivia Chile Pacific South America

5 Physical Geography Stretches from equator to Arctic Circle Bolivia is landlocked All have one common factor… THE ANDES MOUNTAINS Pacific South America

6 Physical Geography Mountains Andes Mountains Some ridges and volcanic peaks rise more than 20,000 feet above sea level Two tectonic plates meet at the edge, so earthquakes and volcanoes are a constant threat. Southern Chile – rugged mountain peaks covered with ice caps North – Andes are more rounded and splits into two ranges Peru & Bolivia – ridges are far apart forming an altiplano. Altiplano – a broad, high plateau that lies between the ridges of the Andes Pacific South America

7 Physical Geography Water and Islands Andean glaciers – source of the tributaries for the Amazon River Few rivers – rivers on the altiplano have no outlet to the sea Forms large lakes Lake Titicaca – highest lake in the world that large ships can cross. Strait of Magellan – links the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean Strait – a narrow body of water connecting two larger bodies of water. Pacific South America

8 Physical Geography Water and Islands Tierra del Fuego South of the Strait of Magellan “Land of Fire” Galapagos Islands Ecuador Volcanic Wildlife not found anywhere else in the world Pacific South America

9 Physical Geography Elevation Mountain environments change with elevation 5 different climate zones 1. Lowest zone – hot and humid climate zones near sea level; Located along the coast Found inland in eastern Ecuador, Peru and northern Bolivia Part of the Amazon basin CLIMATE: Humid tropical climate VEGETATION: Tropical rain forests Pacific South America

10 Physical Geography Elevation 5 different climate zones 2. Moist climates Mountain forests Good for growing coffee Many cities located here 3. Cooler Forests and grasslands Farmers can grow potatoes and wheat Many people live and farm here Pacific South America

11 Physical Geography Elevation 5 different climate zones 4. Climate becomes too cool for trees to grow Alpine meadows with grasslands and hearty shrubs Altiplano region 5. Very cold No vegetation Ground is always covered with snow and ice Pacific South America

12 Physical Geography Deserts Atacama Desert Northern Chile 600 miles long between coast and Andes Mtns Rain falls less than FIVE TIMES A CENTURY Fog and low clouds are common Cloud cover keeps the air near the ground from being warmed by the sun Cloudiest and driest places on Earth Pacific South America

13 Physical Geography El Nino Experienced every 2-7 years El Nino – an ocean and weather pattern that affects the Pacific Ocean Cool Pacific water near the coast warms May cause Extreme ocean and weather events that can have global effects El Nino warms the oceans, fish leave the area which can affect the fishers. Causes heavy rains which can lead to flooding along the coast Scientists think that air pollutants have made El Nino last longer and cause more damages. Pacific South America

14 Physical Geography Natural Resources Forests provide lumber (Peru and Ecuador) Coastal waters provide fish Ecuador - large oil and gas reserves; oil is main export Bolivia – tin, gold, silver, lead, and zinc Chile – copper (most in the world!) Good farmland but difficult to produce enough crops to export to other countries Pacific South America

15 Wednesday, February 5 Powerpoint ▫Chapter 11 Lesson 2 Reading Homework: ▫Olympics WS Research ▫Peru WS

16 Thursday, February 6 Powerpoint ▫Video on CAVES Homework: ▫Olympics WS Research: Watch it! HAPPY BIRTHDAY Bryan Wright – 4P

17 Friday, February 7 Powerpoint ▫Olympic Check ▫District Assessment Homework: ▫Olympic Research HAPPY BIRTHDAY… Justin Allen – 4P William Garner – 7P


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